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pp 1-42 | Cite as

Assessment of Water Resources of Slovakia

  • M. Fendek
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series

Abstract

Water resources of Slovakia consist of surface and groundwater resources. The surface water ones are formed by surface water inflow to Slovakia and by surface water runoff rising at the Slovak territory. Groundwater resources formation is, among others, dependent on geological-tectonic conditions, hydrogeological parameters of the rock environment and climatic conditions. Surface and groundwater bodies were delineated on the Slovak territory according to the Water Framework Directive requirements. In total, 1,487 surface water bodies are on the list at present, 84 of them in the Vistula River Basin District, and 1,413 in the Danube River Basin District. The largest rivers of Slovakia besides Danube and Morava Rivers, which have their springs outside the Slovak territory, are Váh, Nitra, Hron, Ipeľ, Slaná, Hornád, Bodva, Bodrog, and Poprad with their tributaries. Groundwater bodies are divided into three levels – there are 16 Quaternary groundwater bodies, 59 pre-Quaternary, and 27 geothermal structures. Groundwater resources are evaluated on the annual base within the 141 pre-Mesozoic, Mesozoic, Palaeogene, Neogene sedimentary, Neogene volcanic, and Quaternary regions.

Keywords

Hydrogeological conditions Surface and groundwater bodies Surface and groundwater resources Water Framework Directive Water management sources protection 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hydrogeology, Faculty of Natural SciencesComenius University in BratislavaBratislavaSlovakia

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