Skip to main content

The Structure and Composition of Biological Communities in the Pregolya River (Vistula Lagoon, the Baltic Sea)

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Terrestrial and Inland Water Environment of the Kaliningrad Region

Abstract

The analysis of composition, seasonal and interannual dynamics, and productivity of phytoplankton, zooplankton, and zoobenthos as well as detailed characteristic of aquatic flora of the Pregolya River are given. It is shown that the biota of anthropogenically transformed lower reach recovered partially during the 2000s.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 349.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 449.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 449.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

Notes

  1. 1.

    Protocols of 44 phytoplankton samples, April–October 1996–1997, processed by S. N. Semenova.

  2. 2.

    In the studies of 1996–1997, chroococcal cyanobacteria were counted by colonies (slime + cells), which leads to an overestimation of the phytoplankton biomass. This mainly affected is the mouth of the river.

References

  1. Chubarenko BV, Shkurenko VI (2001) Physical mechanisms of salt water penetration up the Pregolya River taking into account the influence of the bottom relief. Physical problems of ecology (ecological physics), vol 7. Physics Faculty of Moscow State University, Moscow, pp 80–88 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Abakumov VA (ed) (1992) Guidelines by hydrobiological monitoring of freshwater ecosystems. Hydrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, p 318 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  3. HELCOM and Baltic Marine Environmental Protection Commission-Helsinki Commission (1988) Guidelines for the Baltic Monitoring Programme for the third stage; Part D. Biological determinants, vol 27D, p 161

    Google Scholar 

  4. Algae handbook (1989) Naukova Dumka, Kiev, p 608 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Olenina I, Hajdu S, Edler L, Andersson A, Wasmund N, Busch S, Göbel J, Gromisz S, Huseby S, Huttunen M, Jaanus A, Kokkonen P, Ledaine I, Niemkiewicz E (2006) Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea HELCOM balt. Sea Environ Proc 106:144

    Google Scholar 

  6. Boullion VV (1993) Primary production and trophic classification of reservoirs. Methodological issues of studying the primary production of plankton of inland water bodies. Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, pp 147–157 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Methodical recommendations for the collection and processing of materials in hydrobiological research on freshwater reservoirs. Phytoplankton and its products (1984) GosNIORH, Leningrad, p 32 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  8. Katanskaya VM (1981) Higher aquatic vegetation of inland waters of the USSR. Methods of study. Nauka, Leningrad, p 278 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Raspopov IM (1985) Higher water vegetation of large lakes of the North-West of the USSR. Nauka, Leningrad, p 197 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Papchenkov VG (2003) Dominant and determinant classification of aquatic vegetation. Hydrobotany: methodology, methods. Material School of Hydrobotany (n. Borok, 2003). OAO Rybinsk Printing House, Rybinsk, pp 126–131 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  11. Tsvelev NN (2000) The determinant of vascular plants of North-West Russia. SPHFA, St. Petersburg, p 781 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  12. Pankow H (1971) Algenflora der Ostsee. I. Benthos (Blau-, Grün-, Braun-, und Rotalgen) Von Dr. rer. Nat. habil. Helmut Pankow. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart

    Google Scholar 

  13. Rothmaler W (2011) Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. B.3. Gefäßpflanzen: atlasband. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Berlin, p 753

    Google Scholar 

  14. Cherepanov SK (1995) Vascular plants of Russia and neighboring countries (within the former USSR). Peace and Family, St. Petersburg, p 992 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  15. Barinova SS, Medvedeva LA, Anisimova OV (2006) Biodiversity of algae-indicators of the environment. Pilies Studio, Tel-Aviv, p 498 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  16. Sviridenko BF, Mamontov YS, Sviridenko TV (2011) Use of hydromacrophytes in the complex assessment of the ecological state of water bodies in the West Siberian Plain. Amphora, Omsk, p 231 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  17. Matveeva ЕP (1967) Meadows of the Soviet Baltic states. Nauka, Leningrad, p 335 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  18. Galanin AV (1991) The vegetation cover of Pregolskaya Lowland Area in the Kaliningrad Region. Flora and landscape-ecological structure of vegetation. Far Eastern Branch of the Academy of Sciences USSR-272, Vladivostok. http://geobotany.narod.ru/galanin/m8.htm (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  19. Parfenova YV (2006) Ecological and geographical analysis of vascular plants Pregolya River (Kaliningrad Region, Russia). In: Proceedings of the I (IX) of the international conference of young botanists in St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, 21–26 May 2006, pp 55–56 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  20. Parfenowa YV (2008) Rare species of hydrophilic plants Kaliningrad ponds. Some problems ichthyopathology and hydrobiology: first steps in science, Kaliningrad, pp 105–120 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  21. Utkina YV (2012) Hygrophilous vegetation oxbow lakes in the central part of the Pregolya district on the gradient of anthropogenic transformation (Kaliningrad Region of Russia). In: Abstracts of II (X) of the proceedings of international botanical conference of young scientists in St. Petersburg, 11–16 Nov 2012, ETU “LETI”, St. Petersburg, pp 102–103 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  22. Shennikov AP (1964) Introduction to geobotany. A.A. Zhdanov Leningrad University, Leningrad, p 447 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  23. Vinberg GG, Lavrentieva GM (eds) (1984) Methodical recommendations for the collection and processing of materials in hydrobiological research on fresh water bodies. Zooplankton and its products. GosNIORH, Leningrad, p 33 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  24. Balushkina EV, Vinberg GG (1979) Dependence between mass and body length in planktonic crustaceans. General basis for the study of aquatic ecosystems. Science, Leningrad, pp 169–172 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  25. Sushenya LM (1972) Intensity of respiration of crustaceans. Naukovadumka, Kiev, p 195 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  26. Khlebovich TV (1974) The intensity of respiration of different sizes ciliates. Cytology 16(1):103–115 (in Russian)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Vinberg GG (1983) The Van’t Hoff temperature coefficient and the Arrhenius equation in biology. J Gen Biol 44(1):31–42 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  28. Salazkin AA, Alimov AF, Finogenova NP, Winberg GG (eds) (1983) Methodical recommendations for the collection and processing of material in hydrobiological research on freshwater reservoirs. Zoobenthos and its products. ZIN of the USSR Academy of Sciences, GosNIORH, Leningrad, p 52 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  29. Shibaeva MP, Potrebic AV (1994) To the environmental assessment of the estuary area of the river. Pregoals of the zoobenthofauna. Sb. Sci. Works of KSTU. KSTU, Kaliningrad, pp 26–38 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  30. Alimov AF (1987) Introduction to production hydrobiology. Hydrometizdat, Leningrad, p 151 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  31. Balushkina EV (1987) Functional significance of larvae of chironomids in continental reservoirs. Science LD, Leningrad, p 179 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  32. Ivanova MB, Umnov AA (1979) Methods for determining the production of populations of aquatic animals. General basis for the study of aquatic ecosystems. Nauka, Leningrad, pp 119–132 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  33. Günther G. The conclusion on the elimination of the runoff of the North German pulp mill in Königsberg and the current state of water in Pregel, with Appendices 1 and 2 of December 27, 1911. The Merseburg archive. Div. 192b. XIXa. specialist. 15. Sewerage, water disposal and treatment in Königsberg, Kaliningrad in 1911–1914 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  34. Schiementz P. The conclusion about the pollution of the river. Pregel and Frisch-Huff Bay by the sewage waters of Königsberg and the damage caused to fishing, in connection with this pollution (according to September 1911). Merseburg archive. Section. XIXa. specialist. 15. No. 699. Sewerage, water disposal and treatment in Königsberg (Kaliningrad) in 1911–1914 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  35. Evolution of the phosphorus turnover and eutrophication of natural waters (1988) Science, Leningrad, p 205 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  36. Sewerage, water disposal and treatment in Königsberg 1878–1929. The Merseburg archive. Div. 192b. XIXa. specialist. 15. No. 3; 2405, 4614, 1929 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  37. Jeddeloch R (1939) Haffkrankheit. Ergebnisse der inneren Medizin und Kinderheilkunde, vol 57. Springer, Berlin, pp 138–182

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  38. Molchanova NS (2014) 100 years of anthropogenic pollution of the Pregol River. Izvestia KSTU 32:170–178 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  39. Levina RS, Voloshenko KY (2012) About the possibilities of using the historical experience of soil fertility improvement technologies in East Prussia in the agricultural business of the Kaliningrad Region. Baltic Region 2:109–117 (in Russian)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Tsybin YA (ed) (2004) Nature protection scheme of the Kaliningrad Region. TENAX EDIA, Kaliningrad, p 136 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  41. Zotov SI (2001) Assessment of the hydroecological situation in the Kaliningrad Region: Sat. Sci. Tr. Environmental problems of the Kaliningrad Region and the Baltic region. KSU, Kaliningrad (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  42. Matveeva EV, Nagornova NN (2007) Distribution of pollution along the Pregolya River. Sb. Sci. Tr.: environmental problems of the Kaliningrad Region and the Baltic region. Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, p 143 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  43. Report on the state and protection of the environment of the Kaliningrad Region in 2001 (2002) Kaliningrad Printed Yard, Kaliningrad, p 160 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  44. Report on the state and protection of the environment of the Kaliningrad Region in 2003 (2004) Amber Tale, Kaliningrad, p 216 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  45. Israel YA, Tsyban AV, Chernogayeva GM, Chelyukanov VV, Egorova VI, Zelenova AS (eds) (2009) Review of the state of environmental pollution in Russia in 2008, Moscow

    Google Scholar 

  46. On the environmental situation in the Kaliningrad Region in 2010 (2011) Kaliningrad. http://old.gov39.ru. Date of circulation: 21.02.2013 (in Russian)

  47. Semenova SN (1998) The current state of phytocen of the water system the river Pregolya – channel – Vistula Lagoon of the Baltic Sea. Research report, AO IO RAS, Kaliningrad, p 32 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  48. Semenova SN (2000) The current state of phytoceane of the water system the river Pregolya – channel – Vistula Lagoon of the Baltic Sea. Hydrobiol study in the basin of the Atlantic ocean T.I. Freshwater hydrobiology: Coll. Scientific Papers. AtlantNIRO, Kaliningrad, pp 20–36 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  49. Lange EK (2013) Phytoplankton of the Pregolya River. In: Ezhova EE (ed) Biological community of the Pregolya River (basin of the Vistula Lagoon, Baltic Sea). Smartbuks, Kaliningrad, pp 85–109 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  50. Lange EK (2014) Estimation of phytoplankton productivity in the lower reaches of the Pregolya River. Proc KSTU 32:153–161 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  51. Dmitrieva OA (2001) The composition and abundance of phytoplankton autumn river Pregel Deima and Kaliningrad Region. In: Abstracts of 8th Congress Hydrobiol Society RAS, Kaliningrad, vol 3, pp 36–37 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  52. Dmitrieva OA (2005) Species composition and quantitative phytoplankton characteristics of the Pregolya and Deima rivers of Kaliningrad Region. In: The environmental problems of the Kaliningrad Region and the Baltic Region. Kaliningrad, pp 164–169 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  53. Yelizarova VA (1993) Experience in the determination of phytoplankton products by the algological method. Methodological issues of studying the primary production of plankton in inland water bodies. Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, pp 52–58 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  54. Trifonova IS (1990) Ecology and succession of the lake phytoplankton. Science, Leningrad, p 184 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  55. Abromeit J, Neuhoff W, Steffen H, Jentzsch A, Vogel G (1889–1940) Flora von Ost- und Westpreussen, Bd 1–3. Berlin, 1246 s (in German)

    Google Scholar 

  56. Gerb MA (2013) Vegetation and flora of the river Pregolya. In: Zhova EE (ed) Biological communities of the Pregolya River (Vistula Gulf, Baltic Sea). Smartbooks, Kaliningrad, pp 64–84 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  57. Gerb MA (2014) Ecological analysis of aquatic flora in lower reaches of the Pregolya River. In: Proceedings of the Kaliningrad State Technical University, vol 32, pp 162–169 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  58. Zhakova LV (2008) Macrophytes: higher aquatic plants and macroalgae. In: Alimov AF, Golubkov SM (eds) Ecosystem of estuary of the Neva River: biological diversity and environmental problems. Association of Scientific, Moscow, pp 105–125. Editions of KMC (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  59. Gubareva IY, Belova OV (2005) Kalashnikov. Invasive species of the flora of the Kaliningrad Region. In: Tez. doc. intern. conf. study of the flora of Eastern Europe: achievements and prospects, KMK, St. Petersburg, 23–28 May 2005, pp 23–24 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  60. Sokolov AA (2010) Alisma gramineum. In: Dedkov VP, Grishanov GV (eds) The red book of the Kaliningrad Region. Immanuel Kant University, Kaliningrad, p 126 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  61. Krylov AV (2005) Zooplankton of small plain rivers. Nauka, Moscow, p 263 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  62. Tsybaleva GA, Potrebich AV (1995) The change in the structure of the composition of the Zooplankton River Pregolya under the influence of pollution. Sb. Sci. Tr: some aspects of the physiology and pathology of hydrobionts. Kaliningrad, pp 69–76 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  63. Naumenko EN (2007) The zooplankton of the Vistula Lagoon. KGTU, Kaliningrad, p 210. (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  64. Polunina JJ, Terekhova TA (2010) Features of zooplankton lothic system “Pregolya River – Kaliningrad Sea Canal (KSC)”. In: Proceedings of the Kaliningrad State Technical University, vol 17, pp 25–29 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  65. Chertoprud MV, Peskov KV (2003) Geographical parallels of litoreofil communities of small rivers of Eastern Europe and northern Asia. J Gen Biol 64(1):78–87 (in Russian)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  66. Chertoprud MV (2011) Variety and classification of rheophilic communities of macrobenthos of the middle belt of European Russia. J Gen Biol 72(1):51–73 (in Russian)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  67. Shibaeva MN (2000) Species composition of zoobenthos of small rivers of the Kaliningrad Region. Hydrobiological studies in the basin of the Atlantic Ocean. AtlantNIRO, Kaliningrad, pp 58–73 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  68. Chepurina SG, Ezhova EE (2001) Long-term changes in the distribution of mollusks in the lower reaches of the River Pregolya. In: Proceedings of the 8th congress of the Hydrobiological Society of the Russian Academy of Sciences: thesis doc, Т.3. AtlantNIRO, Kaliningrad, pp 87–88 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  69. Chepurina SG, Ezhova EE (2002) Some structural features of the macrozoobenthos p. Deima (Kaliningrad Region). In: Biology of inland waters: problems of ecology and biodiversity, thesis doc. Proceedings of the 12th international conference of young scientists dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the appointment. Rear Admiral, twice Hero of the Sov. of the Union I.D. Papanin is director of the IVVV. Borok, pp 104–105 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  70. Chepurina SG (2004) Characteristics of some benthic communities of the Lava River (Kaliningrad Region). In: Nigmatullina CM (ed) Modern problems of parasitology, zoology and ecology. Materials of the I and II international readings dedicated to the memory and 85th anniversary of the birth of SS. Shulman, KSTU, Kaliningrad, pp 338–347 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  71. Gusev AA, Ezhova EE, Gusev DO, Rudinskiy LV (2012) Higher Crayfish (Malacostraca) of water bodies of the Kaliningrad Region. In: Korovchinsky NM et al (eds) Actual problems of studying crustaceans of continental waters (Borok, Borovo, November 5–9, 2012): sat. lectures and reports of the international school-conference. OOO Kostromskaya Printing House, Kostroma, pp 170–173 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  72. Ezhova EE, Lyatun MV, Molchanova NS, Lange EK (2011) Estimation of the ecological state of the Pregolya River (Kaliningrad Region) by macrozoobenthos. In: Abstracts of the all Russian conference with international participation ecology of small rivers in the 21st century: biodiversity, global change and ecosystem restoration, Togliatti. Kassandra, Togliatti, 5–8 Sept 2011, p 55 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  73. Kamenev AG (1993) Bioproductivity and bioindication of watercourses of the right-bank middle Volga Region: macrobenthos. Mordov Publishing House. University, Saransk, p 228 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  74. Khrennikov VV, Shustov YA (1978) On zoobenthos of small rivers of the Kola Peninsula. Operative-inform. Mater. Comp. Issled. Bioresources of Karelia (Questions of ecology, experimental zoology and botany). Petrozavodsk, pp 17–18 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  75. Kukharev VI (1992) Functioning of animal communities of macrobenthos of small rivers of Karelia in conditions of contamination. Water resources of Karelia and ecology. Petrozavodsk, pp 98–.110 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  76. Kukharev VI (2006) Structural and functional changes in the communities of macrozoobenthos of the watercourses of Karelia under various types of anthropogenic influences. In: The state and problems of production hydrobiology: Sat-na nauch. Work on the mother. Doc. at the intern. conf. water ecology at the dawn of the XXI century, ded. The centenary of the birth. Prof. G.G. Vinberg. Tov-v nauch. ed. KMC, Moscow, pp 242–252 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  77. Kharin GS, Kravtsov VA, Stryuk VL, Kharin SG (1995) Integrated research of the Pregolya River. Kaliningrad

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was done in the frames of IORAS budget theme 0149-2014-0055 and supported by the Federal Target Program “World Ocean” (theme 01201162712). The authors’ team is grateful to Dr. Vadim Paka, Sergei Aleynikov, Viktor Shkurenko, Alexey Kuleshov (all AB IO RAS) and Dr. Galina Tsybaleva (Kaliningrad Technical University), without whom this interdisciplinary biological study of the Pregolya River was never started and never done.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to E. E. Ezhova .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Appendices

Appendix 1

Taxonomic composition of phytoplankton in the Pregolya River, April–October 1996–1997, 2011

Division Chlorophyta

Division Cyanophyta

Division Bacillariophyta

Actinastrum hantzschii Lagerh.

Anabaena contorta Bachm.

Amphora ovalis Kutz.

Actinastrum hantzschii v. fluviatile Schroed.

Anabaena flos-aquae f. aptekariana Elenk.

Amphora veneta Kutz.

Ankistrodesmus acicularis (A. Br.) Korschik.

Anabaena lemmermannii P. Richt.

Asterionella formosa Hass.

Ankistrodesmus angustus Bern.

Anabaena spiroides Kleb.

Asterionella gracillima (Hantzsch.) Heib.

Ankistrodesmus longissimus v. acicularis (Chod) Brunnth.

Anabaena variabilis Kutz.

Caloneis bacillum v. lancettula (Schuiz) Hust.

Ankistrodesmus minutissimus Korschik.

Anabaenopsis elenkinii v. Miller

Chaetoceros muelleri Lemm.

Ankistrodesmus pseudomirabilis Korschik.

Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (L.) Ralfs

Chaetoceros wighamii Bright.

Ankistrodesmus pseudomirabilis v. spiralis (T.) L. (=Monoraphidium contortum (Thuret) Komàrková-Legnerová)

Aphanothece clathrata W. et G. S. West

Cocconeis placentula Ehr.

Ankistrodesmus rotundus Korschik.

Coelosphaerium kuetzingianum Nag.

Cocconeis placentula v. intermedia (Herib. et Perag.) Cl.

Binuclearia lauterbomii (Schm.) Proch.-Lavrenkei

Coelosphaerium pusillum van Goor

Coscinodiscus excentricus f. fasciculata Hust.

Carteria klebsii (Dang.) France

Dactylococcopsis elenkinii Roll

Coscinodiscus lacustris Grun.

Chlamydomonas conferta Korsch.

Dactylococcopsis planctonica Teiling

Cyclotella atomus Hustedt

Chlamydomonas globosa Snow

Eucapsis alpina Clem. et Shantz

Cyclotella comta (Ehr.) Kutz.

Chlamydomonas gloeocystiformis Dill

Eucapsis minor (Skuja) Hollerb,

Cyclotella Kuetzingiana Thw.

Chlamydomonas incerta Pasch.

Gomphosphaeria aponina Kutz.

Cyclotella meneginiana Kutz.

Chlamydomonas monadina v. charkowiensis Korsch.

Gomphosphaeria lacustris Chod. (= Snowella lacustris (Chodat) Komárek and Hindák)

Cyclotella stelligera Cl. et Grun.

Chlamydomonas noctigama Korsch.

Gomphosphaeria lacustris f. compacta (Lemm.) El.

Cymatopleura solea (Breb) W. Sm.

Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii Dang.

Gomphosphaeria pusilla (van Goor) Komarek

Cymbella amphicephala Nag

Chlorella vulgaris Beyer.

Lyngbya contorta Lemm.

Cymbella estonica Molder

Chlorococcum dissectum Korschik.

Lyngbya limnetica Lemm. (=Planktolyngbya limnetica (Lemm.) Kom.-Legn.et Cronb)

Cymbella lanceolata (Ehr.) V.H.

Closterium gracile Breb.

Merismopedia elegans A.Br.

Cymbella lata v. minor Molder

Coelastrum microporum Naeg.

Merismopedia glauca (Ehr.) Nag.

Cymbella tumidula Grun.

Crucigenia fenestrata Schmidle

Merismopedia major (Smith) Geitl.

Cymbella ventricosa Kutz.

Crucigenia quadrata Morren

Merismopedia punctata Meyen

Diatoma elongatum v. tenuis (Ag.) V.H.

Crucigenia rectangularis (A. Br.) Gay

Merismopedia tenuissima Lemm.

Epithemia argus Kutz.

Crucigenia tetrapedia (Kirchn.) W. et W.

Microcystis aeruginosa f. flos-aquae (Wittr.) Elenk.

Fragilaria bicapitata A. Mayer

Dictyosphaerium ehrenbergianum Naeg.

Microcystis (=Aphanocapsa) pulverea (Wood) Forti em. Elenk.

Fragilaria construens (Ehr.) Grun.

Dictyosphaerium pulchellum Wood

Microcystis pulverea f. conferta (W. G. S. West) El. (= Aphanocapsa conferta (W. et G. S. West) Kom.-Legn. et Cronb.

Fragilaria crotonensis Kitt.

Dictyosphaerium simplex Korschik.

Microcystis pulverea f. delicatissima (W.et G. S. West) Elenk. (=Aphanocapsa delicatissima W. et G. S. West

Gomphonema olivaceum (Lyngb.) Kutz.

Didymocystis planctonica Korschik.

Microcystis pulverea f. holsatica (Lemm.) Elenk. (=Aphanocapsa holsatica (Lemm.) Cronb. et Komárek)

Gomphonema parvulum (Kutz.) Grun.

Didymocystis tuberculata Korschik.

Microcystis pulverea f. incerta (Lemm.) Elenk. (=Aphanocapsa incerta (Lemm.) Cronb. et Komárek

Gyrosigma acuminatum v. lacustre Meist.

Eudorina illinoisensis Pasch.

Oscillatoria agardhii Gom.

Melosira arenaria Moore

Golenkiniopsis solitaria Korschik.

Oscillatoria curviceps Ag.

Melosira granulata (Ehr.) Ralfs (= Aulacoseira granulata (Ehr.) Simons.)

Hormidium flaccidum A. Br.

Oscillatoria geminata (Menegh.) Gom.

Melosira islandica v. helvetica O. Mull. (= Aulacoseira islandica subsp. helvetica (O. F. Müller) Sim.

Kirchneriella intermedia v. major Korschik.

Oscillatoria limnetica Lemm.

Melosira nummuloides (Dillw.) Ag.

Kirchneriella irregularis (Smith.) Korschik.

Oscillatoria limosa Ag.

Melosira varians Ag.

Kirchneriella obesa (West.) Schmidle

Oscillatoria planctonica Wolosz. (= Limnothrix planctonica (Wolosz.) Meffert

Meridion circulare Ag.

Lagerheimia ciliata (Lagerh.) Chod.

Oscillatoria tenuis Ag.

Navicula cincta (Ehr.) Rutz.

Lagerheimia citriformis (Snow) G. M. Smith

Phormidium tenue (Menegh.) Lorn.

Navicula cincta v. leptocephala (Breb.) Grun.

Lagerheimia genevensis Chod.

Pseudoholopedia convoluta (Breb.) Elenk.

Navicula cryptocephala Kutz.

Lagerheimia longiseta (Lemm.) Printz

Rhabdoderma lineare Hollerb.

Navicula cryptocephala v. intermedia Grun.

Lagerheimia marssonii Lemm.

Rhabdoderma sp. novae

Navicula dicephala (Ehr.) W. Sm.

Lagerheimia octacantha Lemm.

Romeria gracilis Koszw.

Navicula gracilis Ehr.

Lagerheimia subsalsa Lemm.

Snowella rosea (Snow) Elenk.

Navicula halophila f. subcapitata Ostr.

Lambertia setosa (Filarszky) Koschik.

Spirulina gomontiana (Setch.) Geitl.

Navicula hungarica v. capitata Cl.

Lauterbomiella elegantissima Schmidle

Spirulina laxa Smith

Navicula laterostrata Hust.

Micractinium pusillum Fr.

Synechococcus aeruginosus Nag.

Navicula microcephala Grun.

Micractinium quadrisetum (Lemm.) G.M.

Synechococcus elongatus Nag.

Navicula natchikae Boye

Nephrochlamys willeana (Printz) Korschik.

Synechocystis aquatilis Sauv.

Navicula pupula v. mutata (Krasske) Hust.

Oocystis lacustris Chod.

Synechocystis crassa Woronich.

Navicula pupula v. rostrata Hust.

Oocystis borgei Snow

 

Navicula semen Ehr.

Oocystis gigas Archer

Division Euglenophyta

Navicula subrhombica Hust.

Oocystis parva W. et G. S. West

Euglena acus Ehrenb.

Navicula verecunda Hust.

Oocystis pusilla Hansg.

Euglena limnophila v. swirenkoi (Am.) Pop.

Nitzschia acicularis W. Sm.

Oocystis solitaria Wittr.

Euglena matvienkoi Popova

Nitzschia angustata (W. Sm.) Grun.

Oocystis submarina Lagerh.

Euglena oxyuris Schmarda

Nitzschia closterium (Ehr.) W. Sm.

Oocystis verrucosa Roll

Euglena pisciformis Klebs

Nitzschia denticula Grun.

Pandorina charkoviensis Korsch.

Euglena proxima Dang.

Nitzschia distans Greg.

Pandorina morum (Mull.) Bory

Phacus parvulus Klebs

Nitzschia gracilis Hantzsch

Pediastrum boryanum (Turp.) Menegh.

Trachelomonas planctonica Swir

Nitzschia longissima (Breb.) Ralfs.

Pediastrum duplex v. comutum Racib.

Trachelomonas planctonica v. oblonga Drez.

Nitzschia palea (Kutz.) W. Sm.

Pediastrum simplex Meyen

Trachelomonas superba v. echinata (Roll) Popova

Nitzschia paleacea Grun.

Phacotus coccifer Korsch.

Trachelomonas volvocina Ehr.

Nitzschia parvula Lewis

Polytoma caudatum Korsch.

 

Nitzschia sigmoidea (Ehr.) W. Sm,

Pteromonas angulosa Lemm.

Division Chrysophyta

Nitzschia sublinearis Hust.

Pteromonas robusta Korsch.

Chromulina rosanoffii (Woronin) Butschli

Nitzschia tryblionella v. levidensis (W. Sm.) Grun.

Scenedesmus acuminatus (Lagerh.) Chod.

Chrysococcus biporus Skuja

PIeurosigma elongatum W. Smith

Scenedesmus acuminatus v. bemardii (Smith) Deduss.

Chrysococcus omatus Pasch.

Rhoicosphaenia curvata (Kutz.) Grun.

Scenedesmus acuminatus v. biseriatus Reinh.

Chrysococcus rufescens Klebs

Stephanodiscus astrea (Ehr.) Grun.

Scenedesmus acuminatus v. elongatus G. M. Smith

Coccolithus huxleyi Lohm.

Stephanodiscus astraea v. minutulus (Kutz.) (= Stephanodiscus minutulus (Kützing) Cleve and Möller)

Scenedesmus apiculatus W. et W. Chod.

Dinobryon divergens Imhof

Stephanodiscus hantzschii Grun.

Scenedesmus bijugatus (Turp.) Kutz.

Kephyrion cupuliforme Conr.

Surirella angustata Kutz.

Scenedesmus bijugatus v. altemans (Reinsch) Han.

Kephyrion doliolum Conr.

Surirella ovata Kutz.

Scenedesmus brasiliensis Bohl.

Kephyrion sitta Pasch.

Synedra acus Kutz.

Scenedesmus denticulatus Lagerh.

Kephyrion rubri-claustri Conr.

Synedra pulchella (Ralfs) Kutz.

Scenedesmus granulatus W. et W.

Mallomonas acaroides v. moskowiensis (Werm.) Krieg.

Synedra ulna (Nitzsch.) Ehr.

Scenedesmus obliquus (Turp.) Kutz.

Pseudokephyrion circumcisum Conr.

Thalassiosira baltica (Grunow) Ostenfeld

Scenedesmus obliquus v. altemans Christjuk

Pseudokephyrion depressum Schmid

Thalassiosira nana Lohm.

Scenedesmus opoliensis v. carinatus Lemm.

Pseudokephyrion latum (Schill.) Schmid

 

Scenedesmus opoliensis v. setosus Deduss.

Pseudokephyrion pilidum Schill.

Division Cryptophyta

Scenedesmus protuberans Fritsch

Pseudokephyrion schilleri Conr.

Chilomonas cryptomonadoides Skuja

Scenedesmus protuberans v. aristatus (Chod.) Ded.

Pseudokephyrion spirale Schmid

Chilomonas minor Czosnowski

Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turp.) Breb.

Stenokalyx densata Schmid

Cryptella cyanophora Pasch.

Scenedesmus quadricauda v. abundans Kirchn.

Stenokalyx laticollis Conr.

Cryptomonas brevis Schiller

Scenedesmus quadricauda v. africanus Fritsch

Stenokalyx monilifera Schmid

Cryptomonas compressa Pasch.

Scenedesmus quadricauda v. armatus (Ch.) Ded.

Stenokalyx parvula Schmid

Cyatomonas truncata (Fres.) From.

Scenedesmus quadricauda v. dentatus Deduss.

Synura lapponica Skuja

Rhodomonas lens Pasch.

Scenedesmus quadricauda v. eualtemans Proschk.

Synura uvella Ehr.

 

Scenedesmus quadricauda v. papillatus Swir.

 

Division Dinophyta

Scenedesmus quadricauda v. setosus Kirchn.

Division Xantophyta

Amphidinium geitleri H.-P.

Scenedesmus quadricauda v. striatus Deduss.

Ophiocytium mucronatum Rab.

Amphidinium luteum Skuja

Scenedesmus striatus Deduss.

Tribonema vulgare Pasch.

Glenodinium berolinense (Lemm.) Lind.

Scenedesmus striatus v. apiculatus Deduss.

 

Glenodinium gymnodinium Penard

Staurastrum tetracerum Ralfs

Gymnodinium albulum Lind.

Stichococcus bacillaris Naeg.

Division Zoomastigophora

Gymnodinium blax Harris

Stigeoclonium tenue Kutzing

Ebria tripartita (Schum.) Lemm.

Gymnodinium colymbeticum Harris

Tetraedron caudatum (Corda) Hansg.

 

Gymnodinium eurytopum Skuja

Tetraedron incus (Teil.) G. M. Smith

Gymnodinium fungiforme Aniss.

Tetraedron minimum (A.Br.) Hansg.

Gymnodinium saginaturn Harris

Tetraedron triangulare Korschik.

Massartia stigmatica (Lind.) Stein

Tetrastrum glabrum (Roll) Ahlstr. et Tiff.

 

Tetrastrum hastiferum (Am.) Korschik.

Tetrastrum staurogeniaeforme (Schroed.) Lemm.

Tetraselmis sp.

Ulothrix variabilis Kutz.

Actinastrum hantzschii Lagerh.

Actinastrum hantzschii v. fluviatile Schroed.

Ankistrodesmus acicularis (A.Br.) Korschik.

Ankistrodesmus angustus Bern.

Ankistrodesmus longissimus v. acicularis (Chod) Brunnth.

Appendix 2

The list of aquatic plant species of the lower reach of the Pregolya River

No

Species

Ecological traits

1

2

3

4

Division Chlorophyta

1.

Hydrodictyon reticulatum (Linnaeus) Bory de Saint-Vincent

1.1

e

eus

2.

Cladophora glomerata (Linnaeus) Kütz

1.2

мe

β

eh

3.

Oedogonium sp.

1.4

о-β

4.

Ulva intestinalis Linnaeus

1.2

мe

β-α

ssf

5.

U. prolifera O. F. Müller

1.2

ssf

Division Charophyta

6.

Spirogyra varians (Hassal) Kützing

1.1

о-м

β-α

f

7.

Spirogyra fluviatilis Helsa

1.4

мt

β

f

Division Ochrophyta

8.

Vaucheria sp.

1.2

β

Division Bryophyta

9.

Fontinalis antipyretica Hedw

1.2

о

о-β

uf

Division Equisetophyta, class Equisetopsida, order Equisetales

10.

Equisetum fluviatile L.

2.1

мt

о-β

f

Division Angiospermae, class Liliopsida

Fam. Alismataceae Vent.

11.

Alisma plantago-aquatica L.

2.1

мt

β

uf

12.

Sagittaria sagittifolia L.

2.1

мt

β

f

Fam. Araceae Juss.

13.

Acorus calamus L.

3

мt

о-β

f

Fam. Butomaceae Rich.

14.

Butomus umbellatus L.

2.1

мe

eus

f

Fam. Cyperaceae Juss.

15.

Bolboschoenus maritimus Palla.

3

мe

β

msf

16.

Carex acuta L.

3

о-м

о-β

f

17.

C. riparia Curt.

3

мt

β

f

18.

C. pseudocyperus L.

3

о-м

β

f

19.

Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. et. Schult

3

мe

β

slf

20.

Scirpus lacustris L.

2.2

мt

β

slf

Fam. Hydrocharitaceae Juss.

21.

Elodea canadensis Michx.

1.2

мe

β

f

22.

Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L.

1.4

мt

β

uf

23.

Stratiotes aloides L.

1.1

мt

β

uf

Fam. Iridaceae Juss.

24.

Iris pseudacorus L.

3

о

оs

f

Fam. Lemnaceae S. F. Gray

25.

Lemna minor L

1.4

e

β-α

uf

26.

L. trisulca L.

1.1

e

eus

msf

27.

L. gibba L.

1.4

β

28.

Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleid.

1.4

мe

о-β

f

Fam. Gramineae Juss.

29.

Glyceria fluitans (L.) B. Br.

2.2

мt

β

f

30.

G. maxima (C. Hartm.) Halmb.

2.2

мt

β

f

31.

Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Stend.

2.2

eu

eus

ssf

Fam. Potamogetonaceae Dumort.

32.

Potamogeton acutifolius Linc.

1.2

33.

P. berchtoldii Fieb.

1.2

мt

β

f

34.

Potamogeton friesii Rupr.

1.2

e

β

ssf

35.

P. pectinatus L.

1.2

eu

eus

ssf

36.

P. perfoliatus L.

1.2

мe

β

ssf

37.

P. lucens L.

1.2

мt

β

uf

38.

P. nodosus

1.3

Fam. Sparganiaceae Rudolphi

39.

Sparganium emersum Rehm.

2.1

мt

о-β

f

40.

Sparganium erectum L.

2.1

мt

β

uf

Fam. Typhaceae Juss.

41.

Typha angustifolia L.

2.2

мe

β

slf

42.

T. latifolia L.

2.2

о-м

о-β

uf

Class Dicotyledoneae

Fam. Apiaceae Lindl.

43.

Cicuta virosa L.

3

мt

о-β

f

44.

Oenanthe aquatica (L.) Poir.

3

мe

β

f

45.

Sium latifolium L.

3

мt

β

uf

Fam. Cruciferae Juss.

46.

Rorippa amphibia (L.) Besser

3

мt

β

f

Fam. Ceratophyllaceae S. F. Gray

47.

Ceratophyllum demersum L.

1.1

мt

β-α

f

Fam. Haloragaceae R. Br.

48.

Myriophyllum spicatum L.

1.2

мe

β

ss

Fam. Lythraceae J. St. Hil.

49.

Lythrum salicaria L.

3

Fam. Nymphaeaceae Salisb

50.

Nuphar lutea (L.) Smith.

1.3

мt

eus

uf

51.

Nymphaea candida J. Presl.

1.3

мt

о-β

uf

Fam. Plantaginaceae Juss.

52.

Callitriche palustris L.

1.2

мt

β

f

Fam. Polygonaceae Juss.

53.

Persicaria amphibia (L.) S. F. Gray

1.3

мe

β

uf

54.

Rumex aquaticus L.

3

Fam. Ranunculaceae Juss.

55.

Batrachium circinatum (Sibth.) Spach

1.2

мe

β-α

uf

56.

B. eradicatum(Laest) Fries

1.1

мe

β

f

57.

Caltha palustris L.

3

мt

β

f

58.

Thalictrum flavum L.

3

Fam. Rosaceae Juss.

59.

Comarum palustre L.

3

о-м

о-β

f

  1. Notation: 1 ecological group. Тype 1. Hydrophytes: 1.1, floating in the water column; 1.2, submersed rooting; 1.3, submersed rooting with floating leaves; 1.4, floating on the water surface. Тype 2. Helophytes: 2.1, low-grass helophytes; 2.2, tall-grass helophytes. Тype 3. Hydrohelophytes: 2 trophy indicators: о oligotrophic, о-м oligomesotrophic, мt mesotrophic, мe mesoeutrophic, e eutrophic, eu eurythrophic; 3 indicators of saprobity: оs oligosaprobic, о-β oligo-β-mesosaprobic, β β-mesosaprobic, β-α β-α-mesosaprobic, eus eurysaprobic; 4 indicators of mineralization: f typically freshwater, slf slightly saline-freshwater, ss slightly saline, msf medium-saline-freshwater, ssf strongly salinous-freshwater, eh euryhaline, uf ultra-fresh, – no data

Appendix 3

The list of zooplankton species in the low reach of the Pregolya River, 1996–2007

 

Species

Staraya Pregolya

Novaya Pregolya

Pregolya within Kaliningrad

The mouth area

Rotifera

1

Asplanchna spp.

+

+

+

 

2

Asplanchna priodonta Gosse

+

+

+

+

3

Brachionus angularis Gosse

+

+

+

+

4

Brachionus quadridentatus Hermann

+

+

+

+

5

Brachionus diversicornis (Daday)

+

 

+

 

6

Brachionus diversicornis homoceros Wierzejski

+

+

+

7

Brachionus calyciflorus Pallas

+

+

+

+

8

Br. calyciflorus anuraeiformis Brehm

  

+

+

9

Brachionus calyciflorus spinosus Wierzejski

+

 

10

Brachionus rubens Ehrenberg

+

11

Brachionus urceus Linne

+

12

Cephalodella ventrosa (Ehrenberg)

+

 

13

Euchlanis dilatata Ehrenberg

+

+

+

+

14

Filinia longiseta Ehrenberg

+

+

+

+

15

Hexarthra fennica Levander

 

+

+

+

16

Keratella quadrata O. F. Muller

+

+

+

+

17

Keratella cochlearis Gosse

+

 

+

+

18

Kellicottia longispina Kellicott

+

+

+

 

19

Lecane luna O. F. Muller

+

  

20

Notholca acuminata Ehrenberg

+

21

Platyias quadricornis Ehrenberg

+

+

22

Polyarthra trigla Ehrenberg

+

 

+

 

23

Polyarthra vulgaris Carlin

+

+

 

24

Polyarthra dolichoptera Idelson

 

+

25

Rotaria rotatoria Pallas

+

+

+

+

26

Synchaeta sp. Ehrenberg

+

+

+

+

27

Trichocerca capucina Wierzejski et Zacharias

+

  

28

Trichocerca pusilla (Lauterborn)

 

+

29

Trichocerca rattus (Muller)

+

+

Total Rotifera

22

21

17

12

Copepoda

Cyclopoidae

1

Megacyclops gigas (Claus)

+

 

2

Megacyclops viridis (Jurine)

+

+

+

+

3

Acanthocyclops vernalis (Fisher)

+

+

+

+

4

Diacyclops bicuspidatus (Claus)

+

+

+

+

5

D. languidoides (Lilljeborg)

+

+

+

+

6

Cyclops furcifer Claus

+

+

+

+

7

Cyclops scutifer Sars

+

+

+

 

8

Cyclops vicinus Uljanin

+

+

+

9

Cyclops strenuus Fischer

   

+

10

Cyclops kolensis Lilljeborg

+

+

11

Cyclops lacustris (Sars)

+

 

12

Eucyclops macrurus Sars

+

+

13

Eucyclops serrulatus (Fischer)

+

+

14

E. liljiborgi (Sars)

+

+

15

E. macruroides (Lilljeborg)

+

+

+

16

Mesocyclops leuckarti Claus

+

+

+

+

17

Mesocyclops crassus Fischer

+

+

+

+

18

Mesocyclops ogunnus Onabamiro

 

+

+

 

19

Macrocyclops albidus Jurine

+

 

20

Paracyclops fimbriatus Fischer

 

+

+

21

Thermocyclops oithonoides (Sars)

+

+

+

+

22

Thermocyclops crassus (Fisher)

+

+

+

+

 

19

17

14

11

Calanidae

23

Eudiaptomus gracilis Sars

+

+

+

+

24

Eudiaptomus graciloides Lilljeborg

+

+

+

+

25

Heterocope appendiculata Sars

+

+

+

 

26

Eurytemora affinis Poppe

+

+

+

+

27

Acartia longiremis Lilljeborg

+

 

+

+

28

Acartia bifilosa Giesbrecht

  

+

29

Acartia tonsa Dana

+

+

30

Harpacticoida

+

+

+

+

 

6

5

7

7

Totally Copepoda

25

22

21

18

Cladocera

1

Acroperus harpae (Baird)

+

+

  

2

Alona affinis (Leydig)

+

+

3

Alona costata Sars

+

+

4

Alona intermedia Sars

+

+

+

5

Alona quadrangularis (O. F. Muller)

+

+

+

6

Alona rectangula Sars

+

+

+

7

Alonopsis elongata (Sars)

 

+

 

8

Acantholeberis curvirostris (O. F. Müller)

+

 

+

9

Bosmina coregoni kessleri Uljanin

 

+

+

10

Bosmina coregoni Baird

+

+

+

+

11

Bosmina crassicornis (P. E. Muller)

+

+

+

+

12

Bosmina longirostris (O. F. Muller)

+

+

+

+

14

Camptocercus lilljeborgii Schoedler

+

+

 

15

Cercopagis pengoi (Ostroumov)

 

+

16

Ceriodaphnia affinis Lilljeborg

+

+

+

+

17

Ceriodaphnia laticaudata P. E. Muller

+

+

+

+

18

Ceriodaphnia megops Sars

 

+

+

+

19

Ceriodaphnia reticulata (Jurine)

+

+

+

 

20

Ceriodaphnia quadrangula (O. F. Muller)

+

+

+

21

Chydorus sphaericus (O. F. Muller)

+

+

+

+

22

Chydorus latus Sars

 

+

  

23

Chydorus ovalis Kurz

+

24

Daphnia cristata Sars

+

+

25

Daphnia cucullata Sars

+

+

+

+

26

Daphnia longispina O. F. Muller

+

+

+

+

27

Diaphanosoma brachyurum (Lievin)

+

+

+

+

28

Daphnia pulex (De Geer)

+

   

29

Disparalona rostrata (Koch)

+

+

30

Eurycercus lamellatus (O. F. Muller)

+

+

31

Evadne nordmanni Loven

  

+

32

Graptoleberis testudinaria (Fischer)

+

+

 

33

Ilyocryptus sordidus (Lievin)

+

 

+

34

Ilyocryptus agilis Kurz

 

+

 

35

Leptodora kindtii (Focke)

+

+

+

+

36

Leydigia acanthocercoides (Fischer)

 

+

  

37

Leydigia leydigii (Leydig)

+

+

38

Limnosida frontosa Sars

+

  

39

Macrothrix laticornis (Jurine)

+

+

+

40

Macrothrix hirsuticornis Norman and Brady

 

+

 

41

Peracantha truncata (O. F. Müller)

+

42

Ophryoxus gracilis Sars

 

+

43

Pleopsis polyphemoides (Leuckart)

 

+

44

Pleuroxus aduncus (Jurine)

+

+

  

45

Polyphemus pediculus

+

+

46

Pseudochydorus globosus (Baird)

 

+

+

47

Rhynchatolona rostrata (Koch)

+

  

48

Scapholeberis mucronata (O. F. Muller)

+

+

49

Sida crystallina (O. F. Muller)

+

+

+

50

Simocephalus vetulus (O. F. Muller)

+

+

 

Totally Cladocera

34

40

22

16

Прочие

1

Polychaeta, larvae

+

+

+

+

2

Cirripedia, nauplii

 

+

+

+

3

Bivalvia, larvae

+

+

+

+

 

2

3

3

3

Total

83

86

63

49

Appendix 4

The list of zoobenthic species, recorded in the middle and low reaches of the Pregolya River, basing on data: AB IO RAS 1996–2014, Shibaeva, Potrebich 1994, 2000; Chepurina and Ezhova (2000), [69], Chepurina [70], Gusev et al. [71]

No п/п

Таксон

1

2

3

No п/п

Таксон

1

2

3

Spongia

Lumbricidae

1

Spongilla lacustris

+

+

+

38

Eiseniella tetraedra Savigny

+

+

 

Hydrozoa

Hirudinea

2

Hydra sp.

+

+

 

39

Helobdella stagnalis (L.)

 

+

 

Turbellaria

40

Erpobdella octoculata (L.)

+

 

3

Planaria sp.

+

+

 

41

Erpobdella nigricollis

+

Nematoda

42

Glossiphonia complanata (L.)

 

+

4

Nematoda indet.

+

+

 

43

Glossiphonia heteroclita (L.)

+

Oligochaeta

+

44

Glossiphonia sp.

+

Naididae

45

Cystobranchus mammillatus (Malm)

+

5

Stylaria lacustris (L.)

+

+

+

46

Haementeria costata (Müller)

+

6

Slavina appendiculata (Udekem)

 

+

 

47

Piscicola geometra (L.)

+

7

Chaetogaster limnaei Baer

+

Polychaeta

8

Nais communis Piguet

 

48

Marenzelleria neglecta Sikorsky et Bick

 

+

+

9

Nais pardalis Piguet

+

+

Mollusca

10

Dero sp.

+

+

Bivalvia

11

Proppappus volki Michaelsen

+

 

49

Anodonta cygnea (L.)

+

+

 

12

Pristina sp.

+

50

Anodonta stagnalis (Gmelin)

+

 

13

Paranais litoralis (Müller)

+

+

51

Anodonta piscinalis Nilsson

+

14

Paranais friči Hrabě

+

+

52

Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas)

+

+

Tubificidae

53

Unio pictorum (L.)

+

+

15

Spirosperma ferox Eisen

+

+

+

54

Unio tumidus Phil.

+

+

16

Aulodrilus limnobius Bretscher

 

+

 

55

Unio ovalis (Mon.)

+

 

17

Aulodrilus pigueti Kowalewski

+

+

56

Musculium hungaricum (Haz.)

+

+

18

Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri Claparede

+

+

57

Pisidium supinum A. Schmidt.

+

 

19

Limnodrilus claparedeanus Ratzel

+

+

58

Pisidium amnicum (Müller)

+

20

Limnodrilus udekemianus Claparede

+

+

59

Pisidium casertanum (Poli)

+

 

21

Limnodrilus helveticus Piguet

  

60

Pisidium sp.

 

+

22

Limnodrilus profundicola (Verril)

+

+

61

Neopisidium torguatum (Stelfox)

+

 

23

Isohaetides newaensis (Michaelsen)

+

 

62

Neopisidium tenuilineatum Stelfox

+

24

Ilyodrilus caspicus Last.

+

63

Neopisidium moitessierianum Paladilhe

+

25

Ilyodrilus sp.

+

64

Neopisidium sp.

 

+

26

Psammoryctes deserticola (Grimm.)

+

65

Sphaerium nitidum (Clessin)

+

 

27

Psammoryctes barbatus (Grube)

+

+

66

Sphaerium rivicola Lamark

+

+

28

Psammoryctes albicola (Michaelsen)

+

+

67

Sphaerium corneum (L.)

+

+

29

Ryacodrilus sp.

+

 

68

Sphaerium subsolidum Clessin

+

 

30

Stilodrillus sp.

+

69

Sphaerium sp.

 

+

31

Tubifex tubifex (Müller)

+

70

Amesoda solida (Normand)

+

32

Tubifex sp.

+

+

71

Euglesa ponderosa (Stelfox)

+

 

33

Potamotrix moldaviensis (Marzek)

+

+

72

Euglesa supina Schmidt

+

34

Potamotrix hammoniensis (Mich.)

+

+

73

Euglesa sp.

+

+

35

Potamotrix heuscheri (Bretscher)

+

+

Gastropoda

36

Branchiura sowerbyi Beddard

+

+

 

74

Anisus vortex (L.)

+

+

 

Aeolosomatidae

75

Acroloxus lacustris (L.)

+

+

37

Aeolosoma quarternarium Ehrenberg

 

+

 

76

Ancylus fluviatilis Müller

+

+

77

Bithynia leachii (Sheppard)

+

+

Branchiura

78

Bithynia inflata Hansen

+

 

120

Argulus foliaceus L.

+

+

 

79

Bithynia tentaculata (Linne)

+

+

Arachnida

80

Bithynia sp.

+

 

Acarina

81

Choanomphalus rossmaessleri (Schmidt)

+

121

Hydrachnellae sp.

+

+

 

82

Lymnaea stagnalis (L.)

 

+

Aranei

83

Lymnaea peregra (Müller)

+

+

122

Argyroneta aquatica Clerck

+

  

84

Lymnaea glutinosa (Müller)

+

 

Insecta

85

Lymnaea ovata (Draparnaud)

+

Diptera

86

Lymnaea auricularia (L.)

+

+

123

Diptera, indet.

+

+

+

87

Lymnaea monnardi (Hartmann)

 

+

124

Diptera, Brachycera indet.

+

+

 

88

Lymnaea hartmanni (Studer)

+

125

Diptera, Scathophagidae indet.

+

 

89

Lithoglyphus naticoides Pfeiffer

+

+

126

Ceratopogonidae indet.

+

+

90

Planorbarius corneus (L.)

+

+

127

Chironomus balatonicus Devai.

 

+

91

Planorbis planorbis (L.)

+

+

128

Chironomus plumosus L.

+

+

+

92

Theodoxus fluviatilis (L.)

+

+

129

Chironomus tentans Fabricius

 

+

 

93

Borysthenia sp.

+

+

130

Cryptochironomus sp.

+

 

94

Viviparus viviparus (L.)

+

+

131

Cryptochironomus defectus Klef.

 

+

95

Valvata antigua Sowerby

 

+

132

Limnochironomus nervosus (Staeger)

+

96

Valvata ambigua Westerlund

+

133

Tanypus villipennis (Kief.)

+

97

Valvata piscinalis (Müller)

+

+

134

Procladius ferrugineus Kief.

+

98

Valvata depressa C. Pfeiffer

+

+

135

Cricotopus sylvestris (Fabr.)

+

99

Valvata pulchella Studer

+

+

136

Polypedilum sp.

+

+

100

Valvata profunda (Clessin)

+

 

137

Polypedilum nubeculosum Meigen

 

+

101

Valvata planorbulina (Paladilhe)

+

138

Chaoborus sp.

+

+

+

102

Valvata trochoidea Menke

+

139

Culicidae, indet.

  

+

Crustacea

Odonata

+

 

Decapoda

140

Coenagrionidae indet.

+

+

103

Astacus astacus (L.)

+

+

 

Heteroptera

+

104

Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana)

 

+

141

Ilyocoris cimicoides (L.)

+

  

105

Pontastacus leptodactylus (Eschscholtz)

+

+

142

Corixa sp.

+

+

106

Orconectes limosus (Rafinesque)

+

 

143

Micronecta sp.

+

 

Amphipoda

144

Microvelia sp.

+

107

Gammarus pulex L.

 

+

 

Trichoptera

+

+

108

Gammarus lacustris Sars

+

145

Ecnomus sp.

+

 

109

Gammarus locusta Gosars

+

+

Ephemeroptera

110

Obesogammarus crassus (Sars)

+

+

 

146

Caenis horaria (L.)

+

  

111

Pontogammarus robustoides (Sars)

+

+

147

Caenis sp.

+

+

112

Chaetogammarus warpachowskyi (Sars)

+

 

148

Leptophlebiidae, indet.

+

 

113

Gammarus sp.

+

+

+

Coleoptera

114

Apocorophium lacustre (Vanhöffen)

+

 

149

Haliplus sp.

+

 

115

Corophium curvispinum Sars

+

+

 

150

Polycentropidae, larva

+

Mysida

Megaloptera

116

Limnomysis benedeni Czerniavsky

+

+

 

151

Gomphus vulgatissimus (L.)

+

  

117

Neomysis integer (Leach)

 

+

152

Sialis sp.

+

+

Isopoda

Collembola

+

118

Asellus aquaticus (L.)

+

+

  

Ostracoda

119

Ostracoda indet.

+

+

 
  1. Column 1, 29–37 km of the Pregolya river and the Deima river (branch of Pregolya); column 2, 10–16 km of the low reach, Staraya and Novaya Pregolya; column 3, 0–9 km of the low reach of the Pregolya River

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2017 Springer International Publishing AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Ezhova, E.E., Lange, E.K., Gerb, M.A., Kocheshkova, O.V., Polunina, J.J., Molchanova, N.S. (2017). The Structure and Composition of Biological Communities in the Pregolya River (Vistula Lagoon, the Baltic Sea). In: Gritsenko, V.A., Sivkov, V.V., Yurov, A.V., Kostianoy, A.G. (eds) Terrestrial and Inland Water Environment of the Kaliningrad Region. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol 65. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/698_2017_107

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics