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Tourism in the Boka Kotorska Bay

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Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC,volume 54)

Abstract

The Boka Kotorska Bay has extraordinary natural and cultural preconditions for tourism development. The natural and cultural potential favoured early tourism development in the Boka Kotorska that dates back to the early nineteenth century. The Boka Kotorska is the first holiday and cruising destination in Montenegro.

Further intensive tourism development had a strong effect on economy and landscape of the Boka. There are three distinct stages in tourism development in the Boka Kotorska: initial development until the WW II (1939?), the period of intensive development from the WW II (1945) until 1990s and the period from 1990s until today. The Master Plan tourism development strategy of Montenegro by 2020, setting the development guidelines for the Boka Kotorska, stands out as a separate entity.

Nevertheless, in the mass tourism era, the tourism development in the Boka Kotorska Bay is burdened by a pronounced seasonal character, unfavourable structure of accommodation facilities and unsatisfactory tourism infrastructure. Analysis of the current developmental strategies and ongoing projects shows some inconsistency. The investments planned favour big mixed-purpose projects with a pronounced residential component, which is not in accordance with the tourism development plans adopted.

The Boka Kotorska Bay, UNESCO’s Heritage Site, is one of the most important tourist regions in Montenegro. It is predisposed for development of specific tourism forms, such as nautical, cultural, health, sports, incentive and congress tourism, special interest tourism and others. At the same time, bathing, holiday tourism remains an important segment of the tourist offer of the Boka Kotorska Bay.

Keywords

  • Boka Kotorska region
  • Tourism
  • Tourism potential and development
  • Tourism strategy

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  • DOI: 10.1007/698_2016_44
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Notes

  1. 1.

    Some initial steps in organised tourism development were noted earlier. In that regard, construction of the Hotel Lokanda in Cetinje (1864), described in numerous relevant foreign sources, has historical significance. In terms of architecture and functionality, this hotel was a high-end facility for that period. This hotel in Cetinje had for decades been hosting renowned politicians, scientists, artists and cultural figures. By the early twentieth century, the Grand Hotel was the best known tourism-hospitality facility on the territory of Montenegro today. This statement does not diminish in any way the importance, quality and level of services in old, private pensions in Kotor – Grac and Evropa – that were pioneering the development of quality family-run hospitality and tourism services on the territory of Kotor and the Montenegrin coast as a whole.

  2. 2.

    T/N: OOUR – Osnovna organizacija udruženog rada: Basic Organisation of Associated Labour – one of the organisational structures in former Yugoslavia.

  3. 3.

    Study on Sustainable Development of Cruise Tourism in Croatia, Institute for Tourism Zagreb, 2007.

  4. 4.

    National Strategy of Sustainable Development by 2030, Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, 2016.

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Correspondence to Rade Ratković .

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Ratković, R., Tripković-Marković, A., Rađenović, M. (2016). Tourism in the Boka Kotorska Bay. In: Joksimović, A., Djurović, M., Semenov, A., Zonn, I., Kostianoy, A. (eds) The Boka Kotorska Bay Environment . The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol 54. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/698_2016_44

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