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OSPAR Review of the State of the North Sea: Oil Inputs and Their Impact on the Marine Environment of the North Sea

Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC,volume 41)

Abstract

The scope of the OSPAR Commission includes monitoring input of pollutants from sea, land and atmospheric sources entering the North Sea and wider North-East Atlantic. The OSPAR Commission is responsible for implementing the requirements of the OSPAR Convention on the protection of the marine environment of the North-East Atlantic. As part of its activities, the Commission published the results of those monitoring activities in Quality Status Reports in 2000 and 2010. Those reports set out the state of the environment in the OSPAR maritime area as a whole and its regional areas such as the North Sea. Data on oil inputs from the offshore oil and gas industry and from shipping that enters the North Sea is generally available, but less so for the broader OSPAR maritime area. Data on the impact of oil inputs on the marine environment has much more limited availability. This chapter provides an overview of the development of the OSPAR Convention and Commission and examines the findings of the Quality Status Reports, both for the wider OSPAR maritime area and the North Sea more specifically.

Keywords

  • Monitoring
  • Oil and gas installations
  • Oil spills
  • Oslo Convention 1972
  • OSPAR Convention 1992
  • Paris Convention 1974, Quality Status Reports
  • Shipping

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Further information on the geographic area, together with a description of Region II (Greater North Sea), is available from the OSPAR Commission website at http://www.ospar.org/content/content.asp?menu=00470212000000_000000_000000.

  2. 2.

    Annex I of MARPOL 73/78 covers Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil. For further information on this convention, see http://www.imo.org/About/Conventions/ListOfConventions/Pages/International-Convention-for-the-Prevention-of-Pollution-from-Ships-(MARPOL).aspx.

  3. 3.

    For more information on the North Sea Ecological Quality Objectives, see http://qsr2010.ospar.org/en/media/chapter_pdf/QSR_Ch11_EN.pdf.

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Carpenter, A. (2015). OSPAR Review of the State of the North Sea: Oil Inputs and Their Impact on the Marine Environment of the North Sea. In: Carpenter, A. (eds) Oil Pollution in the North Sea. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol 41. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/698_2015_413

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