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Chemicals in Leather: International Trends on Risk-Based Control and Management

  • Stefan RydinEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 23)

Abstract

The leather sector is a traditional industry. This chapter will give an overview of the use of chemicals in the leather sector and identify different types and amounts of chemicals used in the different processes.

During recent years, there has been an increased focus on chemical substances including additives in many different articles such as shoes and gloves. In particular articles that come into contact with humans have been in focus. The concern being that humans and the environment will be exposed to hazardous substances from articles.

This chapter will give an overview of recent international trends and initiatives regarding chemicals in leather and articles containing leather. That includes the identification of chemicals in the produced leather that are common on restricted substance lists and present ongoing recent initiatives to control the impact from these chemicals including both legislative measures and initiatives from customers such as international brands or purchasing sectors and different eco-labels.

Keywords

Additives Chemicals Eco-label Leather Restricted substances Tanning 

Abbreviations

AOX

Adsorbable organic halogen

APE

Alkylphenol ethoxylates

BAT

Best available techniques

BBP

Benzyl butyl phthalate

BREF

BAT reference document

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

DBP

Dibutyl phthalate

DEHP

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

DMF

Dimethyl fumarate

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EU

European Union

GADSL

Global automotive declarable substance list

IED

Industrial Emissions Directive

LWG

Leather Working Group

NGO

Non-governmental organisation

NP

Nonylphenol

NPE

Nonylphenol ethoxylates

PCP

Pentachlorophenol

PFOS

Perfluorooctane sulfonates

POP

Persistent organic chemicals

REACH

Registration Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical Substances (European Community Regulation on chemicals and their safe use)

RSL

Restricted substance lists

SCCP

Short-chain chlorinated paraffins

SSEI

Swedish Shoe Environmental Initiative

STWI

Sweden Textile Water Initiative

SVHC

Substance of very high concern

TCP

Trichlorophenol

VOCs

Volatile organic compounds

References

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    Rydin S (2012) Risk management of chemicals in the leather sector: a case study from Sweden. In: Bilitewski B et al (eds) Global risk-based management of chemical additives I: Production, usage and environmental occurrence. The handbook of environmental chemistry, vol 18. pp 207–224Google Scholar
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    European Commission (2012) Best available techniques (BAT) reference document for the tanning of hides and skins – final draft June 2012. See http://eippcb.jrc.es/reference/BREF/TAN_FD_06_2012.pdf. Accessed 15 July 2012
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    Nordic eco-label website, see http://www.nordic-ecolabel.org/. Accessed 15 July 2012
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nordeconsult Sweden ABLundSweden

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