Mass Emissions of Pollutants from E-Waste Processed in China and Human Exposure Assessment

  • Hong-Gang Ni
  • Eddy Y. ZengEmail author
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 23)


Electronic waste (e-waste) has become a pressing global pollution issue. The situation in China is more severe, due to largely primitive recycling of e-waste generated domestically and imported from outside China. In China, the improper e-waste recycling operations have resulted in severe contamination of the ambient environments by toxic pollutants. All data suggest that the contaminant levels in various environmental media near e-waste recycling sites are substantially higher than those at reference sites. People living near e-waste recycling sites and adjacent regions are subject to increased health hazard. Long-range transport of e-waste-derived pollutants can also subject residents in adjacent regions to unintended health risks. Given the special circumstances in China, implementation of improved e-waste recycling technologies and rigorous law enforcement should be the ultimate resolution for containing the spreading of e-waste-derived pollution.


China Electronic waste (e-waste) Human exposure Mass emission Pollutant 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41071303 and 41121063), the Earmarked Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry (OGL-200902), and the Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (GIGCAS 135 project Y234081001). The authors are also grateful to Chao Ding, Jian-Lin Sun, and Xiao-Bin Ni for their assistances in drawing figures and analyte lists.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Circular EconomyPeking University Shenzhen Graduate SchoolShenzhenChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina

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