Additives in the Textile Industry

  • R. M. Darbra
  • J. R. González Dan
  • J. Casal
  • A. Àgueda
  • E. Capri
  • G. Fait
  • M. Schuhmacher
  • M. Nadal
  • J. Rovira
  • V. Grundmann
  • D. Barceló
  • A. Ginebreda
  • D. Guillén
Chapter

Abstract

Many different additives are used in the textile industry and each of them has its specific function: protection from ultraviolet light, oil, water repellency, etc. Clothing and textile products are produced, consumed, and incinerated or disposed in landfills over the world. This means that the fate of their additives can be widely spread, and the potential impact of these chemicals on the environment and human health can, therefore, be present on a global scale. Perfluorocarbon compounds, triclosan, and brominated compounds have been selected as representative additives of this sector. A review of their main environmental consequences and human health damage has been undertaken. The information gathered shows that these compounds can be toxic, very persistent in the environment, and bioaccumulable.

Keywords

Environmental and human health concerns Hexabromocyclododecane Perfluorocarbon compounds Textile sector Triclosan 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. M. Darbra
    • 1
  • J. R. González Dan
    • 1
  • J. Casal
    • 1
  • A. Àgueda
    • 1
  • E. Capri
    • 2
  • G. Fait
    • 2
  • M. Schuhmacher
    • 3
    • 4
  • M. Nadal
    • 4
  • J. Rovira
    • 3
    • 4
  • V. Grundmann
    • 5
  • D. Barceló
    • 6
  • A. Ginebreda
    • 6
  • D. Guillén
    • 6
  1. 1.CERTEC, Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya, ETSEIBBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Institute of Agricultural and Environmental ChemistryUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuorePiacenzaItaly
  3. 3.School of Chemical EngineeringUniversitat Rovira i VirgiliTarragonaSpain
  4. 4.Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of MedicineUniversitat Rovira i VirgiliReusSpain
  5. 5.Technische Universität DresdenPirnaGermany
  6. 6.Department of Environmental ChemistryIDAEA-CSICBarcelonaSpain

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