Awareness of Influenza and Attitude Toward Influenza Vaccination Among Medical Students

  • A. Banaszkiewicz
  • E. TalarekEmail author
  • J. Śliwka
  • F. Kazubski
  • I. Małecka
  • J. Stryczyńska-Kazubska
  • W. Dziubak
  • E. Kuchar
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 934)


In Poland, influenza vaccination coverage among both the general population and healthcare workers is low. The aim of the study was to evaluate attitudes towards influenza vaccination among final-year medical students compared with first-year students at medical schools in Poland. Students were asked about the last season’s influenza vaccination and what the reasons were for having, or not having, the vaccination. The knowledge of influenza was assessed using a 10-point visual analog scale. The study group consisted of 712 medical students, 404 in the first year and 308 in the final year (35 % and 31 % of all students in those years, respectively). Final-year students believed they had a better knowledge of influenza (OR = 3.33; CI95 %: 2.54–4.39). They answered questions about influenza immunizations (OR = 0.59; CI95 %: 0.44–0.78) and vaccination recommendations in pregnant women correctly more frequently (OR = 0.21; CI95 %: 0.16–0.28). The influenza vaccination rate among students in the 2014/2015 season was similar (17.1 % in the first vs. 15.9 % in the final year, NS). Among the final-year students, the reason for not having the vaccination was mainly financial and not any other. We conclude that although medical students’ knowledge about influenza increases in the course of study, it did not much affect their unwilling attitude toward vaccination.


Education Flu Immunization Infection Prophylaxis Vaccine 


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Banaszkiewicz
    • 1
  • E. Talarek
    • 2
    Email author
  • J. Śliwka
    • 3
  • F. Kazubski
    • 4
  • I. Małecka
    • 5
  • J. Stryczyńska-Kazubska
    • 5
  • W. Dziubak
    • 6
  • E. Kuchar
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and NutritionWarsaw Medical UniversityWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of Children’s Infectious DiseasesWarsaw Medical UniversityWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Student Research AssociationWarsaw Medical UniversityWarsawPoland
  4. 4.Faculty of MedicinePoznan University of Medical SciencesPoznanPoland
  5. 5.Department of Health PromotionPoznan University of Medical SciencesPoznanPoland
  6. 6.Student Research AssociationWroclaw Medical UniversityWroclawPoland
  7. 7.Department of Pediatrics with Clinical Decisions UnitWarsaw Medical UniversityWarsawPoland

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