Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Respiratory Tract Efficiency

  • A. J. BadydaEmail author
  • P. Dąbrowiecki
  • P. O. Czechowski
  • G. Majewski
  • A. Doboszyńska
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 834)


High concentrations of air pollutants are characteristic of the vicinity of urban busy roads. Numerous studies have shown that these concentrations are significantly higher in comparison with areas located in a certain distance from roads and especially those in rural areas. Inhabitants living in the proximity of roads are, therefore, likely to be more exposed to adverse effects of air pollutants. On the basis of a study realized in 2008–2012 among nearly 5,000 residents of Warsaw and non-urbanized areas, we used generalized linear regression models (GRM) to identify factors that most significantly influence the variability of respiratory function variables. GRMs combine multiple classes of models and estimation methods such as simple, multiple, or factorial regression, ANOVA, ANCOVA, etc. Therefore, they allow receiving results based also on interactions between the independent variables. This paper presents the results of GRM for the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) distribution. They indicate that the variation of FEV1 is associated with personal factors such as age, height, weight, BMI, or gender, as well as with factors related to the place of residence: traffic density, duration, and the floor of residence. The results clearly show that living in the proximity of busy roads in the city is linked with a significant decrease in FEV1 values.


Air pollution Bronchial obstruction Generalized regression model Health Pulmonary function Traffic congestion 



This study was financed as a research project from the Polish budget funds for science for the years 2008–2012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Badyda
    • 1
    • 6
    Email author
  • P. Dąbrowiecki
    • 2
    • 6
  • P. O. Czechowski
    • 3
  • G. Majewski
    • 4
  • A. Doboszyńska
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental EngineeringWarsaw University of TechnologyWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Military Institute of MedicineCentral Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of National DefenseWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Department of Information SystemsGdynia Maritime UniversityGdyniaPoland
  4. 4.Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringWarsaw University of Life SciencesWarsawPoland
  5. 5.Clinic of PulmonologyUniversity of Warmia and MazuryOlsztynPoland
  6. 6.Polish Federation of Asthma, Allergy and COPD Patients’ AssociationsWarsawPoland

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