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Ubiquitous Devices for Chemical Sensing

  • Radislav A. Potyrailo
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors book series (SSSENSORS, volume 13)

Abstract

Widely accepted and deployed commodity consumer products (e.g., laptops, optical disk drives, flatbed scanners, tablets, personal digital assistants, cell phones, wrist watches) as well as high-performance components of consumer products (e.g., micromachined accelerometers, radiofrequency identification tags) present a prominent set of attractive capabilities for advanced sensors. For detection of chemical species in liquids and gases, we take advantage of previously developed, optimized, and mass-produced physical transducers, optoelectronic, radiofrequency identification, and other types of components and rationally combine them with sensing materials to produce new types of chemical sensors. This chapter presents several examples of our recent developments to demonstrate chemical sensors based on mechanical, radiant, and electrical signal-transduction methodologies.

Keywords

Micromachined accelerometers Optical disk drives Radiofrequency identification tags Signal transduction 

Abbreviations

CCD

Charge-coupled device

CD

Compact disc

DVD

Digital versatile disc

HF

High frequency

IC

Integrated circuit

LCR

Inductor–capacitor–resistor

LF

Low frequency

MEMS

Microelectromechanical system

MeOH

Methanol

PCA

Principal component analysis

PDA

Personal digital assistant

pHEMA

Polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate

RF

Radiofrequency

RFID

Radiofrequency identification

RSD

Relative standard deviation

S/N

Signal-to-noise

SACD

Super audio CD

SAW

Surface acoustic-wave

TCE

Trichloroethylene

Tol

Toluene

TSM

Thickness shear mode

UHF

Ultrahigh frequency

Notes

Acknowledgements

I am grateful to my colleagues at GE who coauthored numerous original publications cited in this review: A. Agree, S. Boyette, A. Burns, J. Carter, T. Cecconie, R. Diana, B. Dworken, H. Ehring, D. B. Engel, G. Gach, S. K. Gamage, S. Go, L. Hassib, S. Klensmeden, K. Krishnan, A. M. Leach, Y. Lee, K. Lindh, R. J. May, P. Miller, D. Monk, W. G. Morris, N. N. Nagraj, V. Pizzi, P. Shrikhande, T. M. Sivavec, C. Surman, H. W. Tomlinson, L. J. Yu, M. Vincent, M. B. Wisnudel, T. Wortley, R. Wroczynski, and C. Xiao. The author acknowledges E. Forzani and N. Tao (Arizona State University) for providing Figure 1i and J. Li (NASA Ames Research Center) for providing Figure 1j. This work has been supported from General Electric’s fundamental research and business funds.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GE Global Research Center, 1 Research CircleNiskayunaUSA

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