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Printed Organic Electronic Sensors

  • Hoyoul Kong
  • Thomas J. Dawidczyk
  • Recep Ozgun
  • Andreas G. Andreou
  • Howard E. Katz
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors book series (SSSENSORS, volume 13)

Abstract

There has been great progress recently in the use of organic and carbon-based materials as the active conductors in electronic sensors for chemical species (analytes). Three principal classes of such materials are conjugated oligomers/polymers, carbon nanotubes, and molecularly imprinted polymers. These materials may be equipped with receptor subunits for analyte binding specificity, and show changed conductances when analytes bind or adsorb. There has been further advancement in the assembly of devices based on these materials into circuit elements that provide output suitable for data processing and networking. Examples of sensors based on these principles, and the mechanisms by which they transduce chemical to electrical information, are reviewed in this chapter.

Keywords

Carbon nanotubes Chemical sensors Molecular imprinting Organic transistors Organic semiconductors 

Abbreviations

1-OHP

1-Hydroxypyrene

2,4-DB

4-(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)butyric acid

6PTTP6

5,5′-Bis(4-hexylphenyl)-2,2′-bithiophene

α-6T

Alpha-sexithiophene

C[8]A

Calix[8]arene

CM[4]RA

c-Methyl calyx[4]-resorcinarene

CP

Carbon paste

CPE

Carbon paste electrode

CuPc

Copper phthalocyanine

DC

Direct current

DDFTTF

5,5′-Bis-(7-dodecyl-9H-fluoren-2-yl)-2,2′-bithiophene

DHα6T

Dihexyl(alpha-sexithiophene)

DMMP

Dimethyl methylphosphonate

DNOC

Dinitro-ortho-cresol

DNT

Dinitrotoluene

ECE

Electron transfer–chemical reaction–electron transfer

FET

Field-effect transistor

I/O

Input/output

MIP

Molecularly imprinted polymer

MICP

Molecularly imprinted conducting polymer

MO

Morphine

MT

Multiwalled nanotube

NIP

Nonimprinted polymer

NTCDI

Naphthalenetetracarboxylic diimide

OFET

Organic field-effect transistor

PCB

Printed circuit board

o-PD

ortho-Phenylenediamine

OSC

Organic semiconductor

PAH

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon

PDA

Polydiacetylene

PEDOT

Poly(ethylenedioxythiophene)

PEI

Poly(ethyleneimine)

PTCDI

Perylenetetracarboxylic diimide

P3HT

Poly(3-hexylthiophene)

RFID

Radiofrequency identification

RSD

Root standard deviation

rGO

Reduced graphene oxide

SPCE

Screen-printed carbon electrode

ss-DNA

Single-stranded DNA

SWNT

Single-walled carbon nanotube

TFT

Thin-film transistor

TNT

Trinitrotoluene

USB

Universal serial bus

WHW

A TNT binding peptide

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to NSF Electronic, Communication, and Cyber Systems (grant number 0730926) and to the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory for support of this work. The network and signaling sections were written with support from Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences, grant number DE-FG01-07ER46465. We also warmly thank authors whose figures are reproduced here with permission from the indicated reference publishers.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hoyoul Kong
    • 1
  • Thomas J. Dawidczyk
    • 1
  • Recep Ozgun
    • 2
  • Andreas G. Andreou
    • 2
  • Howard E. Katz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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