Smart Textiles: Technology and Wireless System Network Applications

Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors book series (SSSENSORS, volume 13)

Abstract

In the last two decades, many research groups and industrial companies have been and are putting much efforts in developing and using fabrics in which electronics, digital components as well as computing can be embedded. These fabrics are identified as E-textiles (e.g., electronic textiles or smart textiles). Starting from the established concept, which asserts that future systems need to be more suitably interfaced with the humans with minimal discomfort and maximum acceptability, the possibility enabled by the E-textile platforms of developing wearable and intelligent technology in terms of everyday textiles and clothes, has made them one of the most important and interesting front-end between the biological and the technological world. One field of application of these innovative textiles is the ambient intelligence, where the use of wireless system network (WSN), body area network (BAN), or wireless body/personal area network (WB/PAN) has made it possible to integrate information coming from the environment, context awareness, and the habits of people during their activities, opening new areas of research on mental and emotional status as well as human behavior in different cultural environments. This chapter is focused on the research literature of the textile-based systems and aims at showing how and where they are currently used. Starting from the textile apparel, i.e. the technology used today for their construction, the chapter reports on the characterization, integration of electronic components and, finally, briefly it illustrates some E-textile-based WBAN platforms applications on network architecture for health care and lifestyle.

Keywords

Affective states Cognitive/mental disorders Electronics encapsulation E-textile WBAN E-textiles Fiber organic transistors Human behavior Pressure sensitive textile Smart textiles Textile actuators Textile antennas Textile electrodes Textile fabrication Textile gas sensors Textile transponder 

Abbreviations

BAN

Body area network

DOFs

Degrees of freedom

EAPs

Electro active polymers

HIPAA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

IBC

Intra-body communications

PA

Personal activity

PC

Personal computer

PDA

Personal digital assistant

PHS

Personalized health systems

PPG

PhotoPlethysmoGram

PPy

Polypyrrole

PSKA

Physiological signal based key agreement

PVC

Polyvinylchloride

SFIT

Smart fabrics and interactive textiles

TDMA

Time-division multiple access

WB/PAN

Wireless body/personal area network

WEALTHY

Wearable Health Care System

WHMS

Wearable Health Monitoring Systems

WSN

Wireless system network

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information Engineering, Interdepartmental Research Centre “E. Piaggio,”University of PisaPisaItaly

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