Body Area Networks

  • Sergio González-Valenzuela
  • Xuedong Liang
  • Huasong Cao
  • Min Chen
  • Victor C. M. Leung
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors book series (SSSENSORS, volume 13)

Abstract

Body area network (BAN) technology has emerged in recent years as a subcategory of wireless sensor network technology targeted at monitoring physiological and ambient conditions surrounding human beings and animals. However, BAN technology also introduces a number of challenges seldom seen before due to the scarcity of hardware and radio communication resources and the special properties of the radio environment under which they operate. In this chapter, we review the foundations of BANs along with the most relevant aspects relating to their design and deployment. We introduce current, state-of-the-art applications of BAN, as well as the most challenging aspects concerning their adoption and gradual deployment. We also discuss issues pertaining to sensor node communications, trade-offs, and interfacing with external infrastructure, in addition to important aspects relating to wearable sensor technology, enabling software and hardware, as well as future trends and open research issues in BANs.

Keywords

Health care Networks Sensors Wireless 

Abbreviations

BAN

Body area network

ECG

Electrocardiogram

EEG

Electroencephalography

EMG

Electromyography

MCU

Microcontroller unit

MEMS

Microelectromechanical systems

WSN

Wireless sensor network

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported in part by the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of the Canadian Government under grant STPGP 365208-08, and by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Korea, under the Information Technology Research Center support program supervised by the NIPA National IT Industry Promotion Agency, NIPA-2010-(C1090-1011-0004).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio González-Valenzuela
    • 1
  • Xuedong Liang
    • 1
  • Huasong Cao
    • 1
  • Min Chen
    • 2
  • Victor C. M. Leung
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringThe University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.School of Computer Science and TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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