Cooperative Effects in Clusters and Oligonuclear Complexes of Transition Metals in Isolation

Chapter
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 174)

Abstract

This short review presents concepts of Transition Metal (TM) clusters and oligonuclear TM complexes and recent work on these when isolated. It focuses on experimental studies of such TM clusters and complexes in isolation and on quantum chemical calculations wherever needed. It introduces contemporary methods of TM cluster generation and of oligonuclear TM complex isolation, as well as options for their analysis. Exemplified by recent studies, the review elucidates shortly the kinetics of small molecule adsorption and of CH activation by TM clusters, the vibrations of adsorbates on TM cluster surfaces, the magnetism of TM clusters and of Single Molecule Magnets (SMMs) when isolated, and the vibrational fingerprints of oligonuclear TM complexes.

Keywords

CH activation kinetics Cooperative effects DFT theory IR-MPD spectroscopy Magnetic moments Oligonuclear transition metal complexes Scaling laws Single molecule magnets Transition metal clusters 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author thanks his many prior and current co-workers, all of whom have enabled him to gain insight beyond his own imagination into the fascinating realms of TM clusters and TM complexes. Particular thanks go to Matthias Tombers and Manfred Kappes for critical reading and valuable comments. Sebastian Dillinger helped to prepare Fig. 6. The author acknowledges financial support by the state research center OPTIMAS, by the DFG funded collaborative research center “Cooperative effects in homo and heteronuclear transition metal complexes” 3MET.de, and by the Carl Zeiss Stiftung. The stated definitions of cooperative effects are in line with the 3MET working definitions as defined by its consortium of principal investigators.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich Chemie and State Research Center OPTIMAS, TU KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany

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