Advertisement

Binary and Ternary Intermetalloid Clusters

  • Bastian Weinert
  • Stefanie Dehnen
Chapter
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 174)

Abstract

Compounds containing molecular Zintl anions, which are homo- or heteroatomic, anionic molecules of groups 13–15, have served as starting materials for a variety of derivatives. Besides ligand attachment to these clusters or oxidative coupling, the cages were used as polyatomic ligands in transition metal complexes and as sources for intermetalloid clusters and nanostructured crystalline materials. This review article deals with the structures, bonding situations, electronic properties, and formation pathways of these nanoscale heterometallic clusters.

Keywords

Binary Heterometallic Intermetalloid Ternary Zintl anions 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (GRK 1782) and the Verband der Chemischen Industrie (VCI scholarship for B.W.) for financial support. We thank Florian Weigend, Werner Massa, Rodoplphe Clérac, Rainer Pöttgen, and the technical staff within Fachbereich Chemie for highly appreciated help during our studies on binary and ternary Zintl clusters.

References

  1. 1.
    Zintl E, Goubeau J, Dullenkopf W (1931) Z Phys Chem Abt A 154:1–46Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Laves F (1941) Z Naturwissenschaften 29:244–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fässler TF (2007) Angew Chem Int Ed 46:2572–2575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Guloy AM, Ramlau R, Tang Z, Schnelle W, Baitinger M et al (2006) Nature 443:320–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kanatzidis MG, Armatas GS (2006) Science 313:817–820CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sun D, Riley AE, Cadby AJ, Richmann EK, Korlann SD et al (2006) Nature 441:1126–1130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Butovskii MV, Döring C, Bezugly V, Wagner FR, Grin Y et al (2010) Nat Chem 2:741–744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schnepf A, Schnöckel H (2002) Angew Chem Int Ed 41:3533–3552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schnöckel H (2010) Chem Rev 110:4125–4163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fässler TF, Hoffmann SD (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:6242–6247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fässler T (2011) Struct Bond 140:91–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Scharfe S, Kraus F, Stegmaier S, Schier A, Fässler TF (2011) Angew Chem Int Ed 50:3630–3670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Turbervill RSP, Goicoechea JM (2014) Chem Rev 114:10807–10828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Klemm W, Busmann E (1963) Z Anorg Allg Chem 319:297–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wade K (1976) Adv Inorg Chem Radiochem 18:1–67Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mingos DMP, Slee T, Zhenyang L (1990) Chem Rev 90:383–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Witte J, von Schnering HG (1964) Z Anorg Allg Chem 327:260–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Goicoechea JM, Sevov SC (2006) J Am Chem Soc 128:4155–4161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Goicoechea JM, Sevov SC (2005) Angew Chem Int Ed 44:4026–4028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Esenturk EN, Fettinger J, Eichhorn BW (2006) Polyhedron 25:521–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sun ZM, Zhao YF, Li J, Wang LS (2009) J Clust Sci 20:601–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhou B, Denning MS, Kays DL, Goicoechea JM (2009) J Am Chem Soc 131:2802–2803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wang JQ, Stegmaier S, Fässler TF (2009) Angew Chem Int Ed 48:1998–2002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Espinoza-Quintero G, Duckworth JCA, Myers WK, McGrady JE, Goicoechea JM (2014) J Am Chem Soc 136:1210–1213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Jin X, Espinoza-Quintero G, Below B, Arcisauskaite V, Goicoechea JM et al (2015) J Organomet Chem 792:149–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Goicoechea JM, Sevov SC (2005) J Am Chem Soc 128:7676–7677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Waibel M, Raudaschl-Sieber G, Fässler TF (2011) Chem Eur J 17:13391–13394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Waibel M, Henneberger T, Fässler TF (2012) Chem Commun:8676–8678Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Stegmaier S, Waibel M, Henze A, Jantke LA, Karttunen AJ et al (2012) J Am Chem Soc 134:14450–14460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhou B, Goicoechea JM (2010) Chem Eur J 16:11141–11150Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wang Y, Qin Q, Wang J, Sanga R, Xu L (2014) Chem Commun:4181−4183Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Schenk C, Schnepf A (2009) Chem Commun:3208–3210Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Li F, Sevov SC (2015) Inorg Chem 54:8121–8125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Schenk C, Henke F, Santiso-Quinones G, Krossing I, Schnepf A (2008) Dalton Trans:4436–4441Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Schenk C, Schnepf A (2007) Angew Chem Int Ed 46:5314–5316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Henke F, Schenk C, Schnepf A (2009) Dalton Trans:9141–9145Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Scharfe S, Fässler TF (2010) Eur J Inorg Chem 2010:1207–1213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Goicoechea JM, Sevov SC (2006) Organometallics 25:4530–4536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zhou B, Denning MS, Jones C, Goicoechea JM (2009) Dalton Trans:1571–1578Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Spiekermann A, Hoffmann SD, Kraus F, Fässler TF (2007) Angew Chem Int Ed 46:1638–1640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Spiekermann A, Hoffmann SD, Fässler TF, Krossing I, Preiss U (2007) Angew Chem Int Ed 46:5310–5313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Renner G, Kircher P, Huttner G, Rutsch P, Heinze K (2001) Eur J Inorg Chem 2001:973–980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Kircher P, Huttner G, Heinze K, Renner G (1998) Angew Chem Int Ed 37:1664–1666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Rios D, Sevov SC (2010) Inorg Chem 49:6396–6398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Schnepf A, Schenk C (2006) Angew Chem Int Ed 45:5373–5376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Nienhaus A, Hauptmann R, Fässler TF (2002) Angew Chem Int Ed 41:3213–3215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Boeddinghaus MB, Hoffmann SD, Fässler TF (2007) Z Anorg Allg Chem 633:2338–2341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Denning MS, Goicoechea JM (2008) Dalton Trans:5882–5885Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    He H, Klein W, Jantke LA, Fässler TF (2014) Z Anorg Allg Chem 640:2864–2870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Hlukhyy V, Stegmaier S, van Wüllen L, Fässler TF (2014) Chem Eur J 20:12157–12164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Hlukhyy V, He H, Jantke LA, Fässler TF (2012) Chem Eur J 18:12000–12007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Gillett-Kunnath MM, Paik JI, Jensen SM, Taylor JD, Sevov SC (2011) Inorg Chem 50:11695–11701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Kesanli B, Fettinger J, Gardner DR, Eichhorn BW (2002) J Am Chem Soc 124:4779–4786CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Kesanli B, Halsig JE, Zavalij P, Fettinger JC, Lam YF et al (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:4567–4574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Scharfe S, Fässler TF, Stegmaier S, Hoffmann SD, Ruhland K (2008) Chem Eur J 14:4479–4483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Scharfe S (2010) Untersuchungen zur Reaktivität von Zintl-Anionen der Tetrele in Lösung. PhD Thesis, Technische Universität München, MünchenGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Benda CB, Waibel M, Köchner T, Fässler TF (2014) Chem Eur J 20:16738–16746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Krämer T, Duckworth JCA, Ingram MD, Zhou B, McGrady JE et al (2013) Dalton Trans:12120−12129Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Wang JQ, Stegmaier S, Wahl B, Fässler TF (2010) Chem Eur J 16:1793–1798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Benda CB, Waibel M, Fässler TF (2015) Angew Chem Int Ed 54:522–526Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Prabusankar G, Kempter A, Gemel C, Schröter MK, Fischer RA (2008) Angew Chem Int Ed 47:7234–7237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Esenturk EN, Fettinger JC, Eichhorn BW (2006) J Am Chem Soc 128:12–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Kocak FS, Zavalij P, Lam YF, Eichhorn BW (2008) Inorg Chem 47:3515–3520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Sun ZM, Xiao H, Li J, Wang LS (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:9560–9561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Stegmaier S, Fässler TF (2011) J Am Chem Soc 133:19758–19768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Burns RC, Corbett JD (1982) J Am Chem Soc 104:2804–2810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Kesanli B, Fettinger J, Eichhorn BW (2001) Chem Eur J 7:5277–5528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Eichhorn BW, Haushalter RC (1988) J Am Chem Soc 110:8704–8706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Campbell J, Mercier HPA, Franke H, Santry DP, Dixon DA et al (2002) Inorg Chem 41:86–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Yong L, Hoffmann SD, Fässler TF (2005) Z Krist New Cryst St 220:53–57Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Zhou B, Denning MS, Chapman TAD, Goicoechea JM (2009) Inorg Chem 48:2899–2907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Downing DO, Zavalij P, Eichhorn BW (2010) Eur J Inorg Chem 2010:890–894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Wang JQ, Wahl B, Fässler TF (2010) Angew Chem Int Ed 49:6592–6595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Yong L, Boeddinghaus MB, Fässler TF (2010) Z Anorg Allg Chem 636:1293–1296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Esenturk EN, Fettinger J, Eichhorn BW (2005) Chem Commun:247–249Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Zhou B, Krämer T, Thompson AL, McGrady JE, Goicoechea JM (2011) Inorg Chem 50:8028–8037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Wang Y, Wang LL, Ruan HP, Luo BL, Sang RL et al (2015) Chin J Struct Chem 34:1253–1258Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Esenturk EN, Fettinger J, Eichhorn BW (2006) J Am Chem Soc 128:9178–9186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Esenturk EN, Fettinger J, Lam YF, Eichhorn BW (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:2132–2134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Yong L, Hoffmann SD, Fässler TF, Riedel S, Kaupp M (2005) Angew Chem Int Ed 44:2092–2096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Eichhorn BW, Haushalter RC (1990) J Chem Soc Chem Commun:937–939Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Yong L, Hoffmann SD, Fässler TF (2005) Eur J Inorg Chem 2005:3663–3669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Zhou B, Denning MS, Chapman TAD, McGrady JE, Goicoechea JM (2009) Chem Commun:7221–7223Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Goicoechea JM, McGrady JE (2015) Dalton Trans:6755−6766Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Zhang X, Li G, Gao Z (2001) Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 15:1573–1576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Gillett-Kunnath MM, Petrov I, Sevov SC (2010) Inorg Chem 49:721–729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Gillett-Kunnath MM, Oliver AG, Sevov SC (2011) J Am Chem Soc 133:6560–6562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Gillett-Kunnath MM, Muñoz-Castro A, Sevov SC (2012) Chem Commun:3524–3526Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Manriquez V, Hönle W, von Schnering HG (1986) Z Anorg Allg Chem 539:95–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Santandrea RP, Mensing C, von Schnering HG (1986) Thermochim Acta 98:301–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    von Schnering HG (1981) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 20:33–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Meyer T, Hönle W, von Schnering HG (1987) Z Anorg Allg Chem 552:69–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Dahlmann W, von Schnering HG (1972) Naturwissenschaften 59:420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Dahlmann W, von Schnering HG (1973) Naturwissenschaften 60:429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Hönle W, Buresch J, Peters K, Chang JH, von Schnering HG (2002) Z Kristallogr New Cryst Struct 217:485–486Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Hönle W, Buresch J, Peters K, Chang JH, von Schnering HG (2002) Z Kristallogr New Cryst Struct 217:487–488Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Hönle W, Buresch J, Wolf J, Peters K, Chang JH et al (2002) Z Kristallogr New Cryst Struct 217:489–490Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Schmettow W, von Schnering HG (1977) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 16:857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Emmerling F, Röhr C (2002) Z Naturforsch B 57:963–975Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Dorn FW, Klemm W (1961) Z Anorg Allg Chem 309:189–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Hirschle C, Röhr C (2000) Z Anorg Allg Chem 626:1992–1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Perla LG, Oliver AG, Sevov SC (2015) Inorg Chem 54:872–875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Wichelhaus W, von Schnering HG (1973) Naturwissenschaften 60:104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    von Schnering HG, Hönle W (1988) Chem Rev 88:243–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Korber N, Daniels J, von Schnering HG (1996) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 35:1107–1110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Korber N, Richter F (1996) Chem Commun:2023−2024Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Korber N, Daniels J (1996) Z Anorg Allg Chem 622:1833–1838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Korber N, von Schnering HG (1996) Chem Ber 129:155–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Knettel D, Reil M, Korber N (2001) Z Naturforsch B 56:965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Dai FR, Xu L (2007) Chin J Struct Chem 26:45–48Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Korber N, Daniels J (1996) Polyhedron 15:2681–2688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Belin CHE (1980) J Am Chem Soc 102:6036–6040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Von Schnering HG, Somer M, Kliche G, Hönle W, Meyer T et al (1991) Z Anorg Allg Chem 601:13−30Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Emmerling F, Röhr C (2003) Z Anorg Allg Chem 629:467–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Hanauer T, Korber N (2006) Z Anorg Allg Chem 632:1135–1140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Reber AC, Ugrinov A, Sen A, Qian M, Khanna SN (2009) Chem Phys Lett 473:305–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Bolle U, Tremel W (1992) J Chem Soc Chem Commun:91−93Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Zhai J, Xu L (2011) Chin J Struct Chem 30:1091–1094Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    García F, Less RJ, Naseri V, McPartlin M, Rawson JM et al (2008) Chem Commun:859−861Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Charles S, Eichhorn BW, Rheingold AL, Bott SG (1994) J Am Chem Soc 116:8077–8086CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Charles S, Eichhorn BW, Bott SG (1993) J Am Chem Soc 115:5837–5838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Weinert B, Eulenstein AR, Ababei R, Dehnen S (2014) Angew Chem Int Ed 53:4704–4708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Gascoin F, Sevov SC (2001) Inorg Chem 40:5177–5181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Rodriguez-Fortea A, Canadell E (2003) Inorg Chem 42:2759–2763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Knapp CM, Westcott BH, Raybould MAC, McGrady JE, Goicoechea JM (2012) Angew Chem Int Ed 51:9097–9100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Scherer OJ, Sitzmann H, Wolmershauser G (1985) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 24:351–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Ahlrichs R, Fenske D, Fromm K, Krautscheid H, Krautscheid U et al (1996) Chem Eur J 2:238–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Charles S, Fettinger JC, Bott SG, Eichhorn BW (1996) J Am Chem Soc 118:4713–4714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Kesanli B, Charles S, Lam YF, Bott SG, Fettinger JC et al (2000) J Am Chem Soc 122:11101–11107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Konchenko SN, Pushkarevsky NA, Gamer MT, Köppe R, Schnöckel H et al (2009) J Am Chem Soc 131:5740–5741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Knapp C, Zhou B, Denning MS, Rees NH, Goicoechea JM (2010) Dalton Trans:426–436Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Knapp CM, Jackson CS, Large JS, Thompson AL, Goicoechea JM (2011) Inorg Chem 50:4021–4028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Eichhorn BW, Mattamana SP, Gardner DR, Fettinger JC (1998) J Am Chem Soc 120:9708–9709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Moses MJ, Fettinger JC, Eichhorn BW (2003) Science 300:778–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Knapp CM, Westcott BH, Raybould MAC, McGrady JE, Goicoechea JM (2012) Chem Commun 48:12183–12185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Foust AS, Foster MS, Dahl LF (1969) J Am Chem Soc 91:5631–5633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Rheingold AL, Foley MJ, Sullivan PJ (1982) J Am Chem Soc 104:4727–4729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Eichhorn BW, Haushalter RC, Huffman JC (1989) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 28:1032–1033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Moses MJ, Fettinger J, Eichhorn BW (2002) J Am Chem Soc 124:5944–5945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Chaki NK, Mandal S, Reber AC, Qian M, Saavedra HM et al (2010) ACS Nano 4:5813–5818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Breunig HJ, Rösler R, Lork E (1997) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 36:2819–2821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Goicoechea JM, Hull MW, Sevov SC (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:7885–7893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Breunig HJ, Burford N, Rösler R (2000) Angew Chem Int Ed 39:4148–4150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Pan FX, Li LJ, Wang YJ, Guo JC, Zhai HJ et al (2014) J Am Chem Soc 137:10954–10957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Bolle U, Tremel W (1994) J Chem Soc Chem Commun:217−219Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Moses MJ, Fettinger JC, Eichhorn BW (2007) Inorg Chem 46:1036–1038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Goicoechea JM, Sevov SC (2006) Angew Chem Int Ed 45:5147–5150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Perla LG, Sevov SC (2015) Inorg Chem 54:8401–8405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Benda CB, Köchner T, Schäper R, Schulz S, Fässler TF (2014) Angew Chem Int Ed 53:8944–8948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Qin Q, Zhou L, Wang Y, Sang R, Xu L (2014) Dalton Trans:5990−5993Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Xu L, Ugrinov A, Sevov SC (2001) J Am Chem Soc 123:4091–4092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Whitmire KH, Churchill MR, Fettinger JC (1985) J Am Chem Soc 107:1056–1057CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Gröer T, Scheer M (2000) Organometallics 19:3683–3691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Xu L, Bobev S, El-Bahraoui J, Sevov SC (2000) J Am Chem Soc 122:1838–1839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Kraus F, Aschenbrenner JC, Korber N (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 42:4030–4033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Kraus F, Korber N (2005) Chem Eur J 11:5945–5959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Kraus F, Korber N (2006) Inorg Chem 45:1117–1123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Hanauer T, Kraus F, Reil M, Korber N (2006) Monatsh Chem 137:147–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Critchlow SC, Corbett JD (1984) Inorg Chem 23:770–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Cisar A, Corbett JD (1977) Inorg Chem 16:2482–2487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Kuznetsov AN, Fässler TF (2002) Z Anorg Allg Chem 628:2537–2541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Baudler M, Düster D, Ouzounis D (1987) Z Anorg Allg Chem 544:87–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Baudler M, Akpapoglou S, Ouzounis D, Wasgestian F, Meinigke B et al (1988) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 27:280–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Milyukov VA, Kataev AV, Sinyashin OG, Hey-Hawkins E (2006) Russ Chem Bull Int Ed 55:1297–1299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Knapp CM, Large JS, Rees NH, Goicoechea JM (2011) Dalton Trans 40:735–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    von Schnering HG, Wolf J, Weber D, Ramirez R, Meyer T (1986) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 25:353–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Haushalter RC, Eichhorn BW, Rheingold AL, Geib S (1988) J Chem Soc Chem Commun 1027−1028Google Scholar
  168. 168.
    Schwarzmaier C, Noor A, Glatz G, Zabel M, Timoshkin AY et al (2011) Angew Chem Int Ed 50:7283–7286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Crossairt BM, Piro NA, Cummins CC (2010) Chem Rev 110:4164–4177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Caporali M, Gonsalvi L, Rossin A, Peruzzini M (2010) Chem Rev 110:4178–4235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Ginsberg AP, Lindsell WE (1971) J Am Chem Soc 93:2082–2084CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Masuda JD, Schoeller WW, Donnadieu B, Bertrand G (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:14180–14181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Masuda JD, Schoeller WW, Donnadieu B, Bertrand G (2007) Angew Chem Int Ed 46:7052–7055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Heinl S, Peresypkina E, Timoshkin AY, Mastrorilli P, Gallo V et al (2013) Angew Chem Int Ed 52:10887–10891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Schwarzmaier C, Timoshkin AY, Scheer M (2013) Angew Chem Int Ed 52:7600–7603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Köchner T, Engesser TA, Scherer H, Plattner DA, Steffani A et al (2012) Angew Chem Int Ed 51:6529–6531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Lips F, Schellenberg I, Pöttgen R, Dehnen S (2009) Chem Eur J 15:12968–12973CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Critchlow SC, Corbett JD (1982) Inorg Chem 21:3286–3290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Lips F, Raupach M, Massa W, Dehnen S (2011) Z Anorg Allg Chem 637:859–863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Critchlow SC, Corbett JD (1985) Inorg Chem 24:979–981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Ababei R, Heine J, Hołyńska M, Thiele G, Weinert B et al (2012) Chem Commun:11295–11297Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    Blase W, Cordier G (1990) Z Kristallogr 193:319–320Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    Rios D, Gillett-Kunnath MM, Taylor JD, Oliver AG, Sevov SC (2011) Inorg Chem 50:2373–2377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Weinert B, Müller F, Harms K, Dehnen S (2014) Angew Chem Int Ed 53:11979–11983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Weinert B, Weigend F, Dehnen S (2012) Chem Eur J 18:13589–13595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Mitzinger S, Broeckaert L, Massa W, Weigend F, Dehnen S (2015) Chem Commun:3866–3869Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    Mitzinger S, Broeckaert L, Massa W, Weigend F, Dehnen S (2016) Nat Commun 7:10480Google Scholar
  188. 188.
    Lips F, Dehnen S (2011) Angew Chem Int Ed 50:955–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Lips F, Clérac R, Dehnen S (2011) J Am Chem Soc 133:14168–14171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 190.
    Lips F, Dehnen S (2009) Angew Chem Int Ed 48:6435–6438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    Lips F, Hołyńska M, Clérac R, Linne U, Schellenberg I et al (2012) J Am Chem Soc 134:1181–1191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Lips F, Clérac R, Dehnen S (2011) Angew Chem Int Ed 50:960–964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Ababei R, Massa W, Harms K, Xie X, Weigend F et al (2013) Angew Chem Int Ed 52:13544–13548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Ababei R, Massa W, Weinert B, Pollak P, Xie X et al (2015) Chem Eur J 21:386–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Hansen DF, Zhou B, Goicoechea JM (2012) J Organomet Chem 721–722:53–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Eisenmann B, Klein J (1988) Z Naturforsch 43b:1156–1160Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    Xu L, Sevov SC (2000) Inorg Chem 39:5383–5389CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich ChemiePhilipps-Universität MarburgMarburgGermany

Personalised recommendations