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Metal–Organic Frameworks for Second-Order Nonlinear Optics

  • Shaowu DuEmail author
  • Huabin Zhang
Chapter
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 157)

Abstract

In this chapter, we highlight recent advances and perspectives in the design and synthesis of NLO-active metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). Some of these compounds show impressive second harmonic generation (SHG) responses and may have potential use in NLO-applications. Noncentrosymmetric MOFs can be synthesized mainly by using chiral ligands, unsymmetrical achiral ligands, and mixed metal ions. Organic ligands containing donor-π-acceptor systems can be incorporated into MOFs to improve the SHG activity of the bulk materials through push–pull effect. Some diamondoid or octupolar MOFs have been shown to exhibit excellent SHG properties. Besides, a number of MOFs with 2D grid-type or 1D helical chain structures display good SHG activity.

Keywords

Diamondoid net Metal–organic framework Noncentrosymmetric MOFs Nonlinear optics Octupolar symmetry Push–pull effect Second harmonic generation 

Abbreviations

1,3-bimb

1,3-Bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-benzene

1,4-bimb

1,4-Bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-benzene

4-pya

4-Pyridylacrylate

aptz

5-(6-Aminopyridin-3-yl)tetrazol-1-ide

BCDC

N,N′-bis(4-cyanophenyl)-(1R,2R)-diaminocyclohexane

cda

Carbamyldicyanomethanide anion

d-H2ca

d-camphoric acid

DMF

N,N-dimethylformamide

DPASD

4-(4-(Diphenylamino)styryl)-1-dodecylpyridinium

dpys

4,4′-Dipyridylsulfide

DSAT

4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate

(E)-4-pyv-3-bza

(E)-3-(2-(4-Pyridyl)vinyl)benzoate

(E)-4-pyv-4-bza

(E)-4-(2-(4-pyridyl)vinyl)benzoate

H2dnty

3,5-Dinitrotyrosine

H2nicO

6-Hydroxynicotinic acid

H2oba

4,4′-Oxybis(benzoic acid)

H2SCMC

S-carboxymethyl-l-cysteine

H2sdba

4,4′-Sulfonyldibenzoic acid

H3tzpbin

(1R,2R)-1-(3-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-benzo[e]indole

HAmidn

2-Amino-4,5-imidazoledicarbonitrile

H-Imazethapyr

(2-(4,5-Dihydro-4-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-5-oxo-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-5-ethyl-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid

Htrtr

3-(1,2,4-Triazole-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole

Htzpbin

1-(3-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)-3H-benzo[e]indole

inic

Isonicotinate

m-H2bdc

1,3-Benzenedicarboxylic acid

nic

Nicotinate

OH-m-H2bdc

5-Hydroxyisophthalic acid

phen

1,10-Phenanthroline

pyb

4-(4-Pyridyl)benzoate

quin-6-c

Quinoline-6-carboxylate

spcp

4-Sulfanylmethyl-4′-phenylcarboxylate pyridine

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the financial supports from the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, 2012CB821702), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21233009 and 21173221) and the State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of MatterChinese Academy of SciencesFuzhouP. R. China

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