Decline of the Japanese Semiconductor Industry: Institutional Restrictions and the Disintegration of Techno-Governance

  • Yoshitaka Okada


In the 1980s, Japanese semiconductor manufacturers began to dominate the world market with three successive types of dynamic random access memories (DRAM): the 64 kilobit (Kb) (70% of market share in 1982), 256 Kb (90% in 1984), and 1 megabit (Mb) (90% in 1988). While the number of DRAM producers in the United States declined from 14 in 1970 to 3 in 1986,1 Japan’s world market share for all types of semiconductors first approached that of the U.S. in 1985, passed it in 1987 (48% Japan vs. 39% U.S.), and peaked in 1988 (about 51% Japan vs. about 37% U.S.) (Okada, 1989a, 2000). After that, as Fig. 2.1 shows, Japan’s share of the world semiconductor market began to gradually decline


Cooperative Learning National Research Institute Dynamic Random Access Memory Defense Advance Research Project Agency Cooperative Relation 
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© Yoshitaka Okada 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshitaka Okada
    • 1
  1. 1.Sophia UniversityJapan

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