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Acidity and Basicity of Ordered Silica-based Mesoporous Materials

  • Edoardo GarroneEmail author
  • François Fajula
Chapter
Part of the Molecular Sieves book series (SIEVES, volume 6)

Abstract

Making use of the self-assembling properties of long-chained surfactants in the sol-gel synthesis of silica-based solids, Mobil researchers [1] described the synthesis of ordered mesoporous aluminosilicates in 1990. This was indeed a major achievement. From the catalytic point of view, this new class of solids provided the possibility of exploiting a regular, tailored porosity much larger than that of zeolites and zeotypes, for carrying out reactions concerning molecules of sizeable dimensions.

On the other hand, these solids are the ideal hosts for a number of active species, comprising enzymes, nanoclusters, etc. [2,3]. Functionalization of the inner surfaces is also possible, which allows grafting of active species, like dyes [4] and metal-containing complexes, e.g., for chiral synthesis [5]. A peculiar feature of these solids is that they provide systems with an a priori known porous structure: a side consequence of this has been the rebirth of studies, indeed out of fashion, concerning capillary condensation and hysteresis [6].

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali e Ingegneria ChimicaTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Institut Charles Gerhardt Montpellier, UMR 5253 CNRS-ENSCM-UM2-UM1Ecole National Supérieur de ChimieMontpellierFrance

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