Advertisement

Arterielles System

Chapter
  • 1.2k Downloads

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

5.5 Literatur

  1. Aadahl P, Sæther OD, Stenseth R, Myhre HO (1990) Microcirculation of the spinal cord during proximal aortic cross-damping. Eur J Vasc Surg 4: 5–10CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Abbott WM, Callow A, Moore W, Rutherford R, Veith F, Weinberg S (1993) Evaluation and performance standards for arterial prostheses. J Vasc Surg 17: 746–756PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. AbuRahma AF, Robinson PA, Jennings TG (2000) Carotid-subclavian bypass grafting with polytetrafluoroethylene grafts for symptomatic subclavian artery stenosis or occlusion: a 20-year experience. J Vasc Surg 32: 411–419PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Alders GJ, van Vroonhoven TJ (1992) Polytetrafluoroethylene versus human umbilican vein in above-knee femoropopliteal bypass: six-year resuits of a randomized clinical trial. J Vasc Surg 16: 816–823Google Scholar
  5. Amarenco P, Cohen A, Tzourio C et al (1994) Atherosclerotic disease of the aortic arch and the risk of ischemic stroke. N Engl J Med 331: 1474–1479CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ando M, Nobuyuki N, Seiji A, Nakaya M, Kawashima Y (1994) Simultaneous graft replacement of the ascending aorta and total aortic arch for type A aortic dissection. Ann Thorac Surg 9: 604–613Google Scholar
  7. Archie JP, Green JJ (1990) Saphenous vein rupture pressure, rupture stress, and carotid endarterectomy vein patch reconstruction. Surgery 107: 389–396PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Aune S, Trippestad A (1998) Operative mortality and long-term survival of patients operated on for acute lower limb ischaemia. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 15: 143–146CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Bachet J, Goudot B, Dreyfus G (1997) The proper use of glue: a 20-year experience with the GRF glue in acute aortic dissection. J Cardiovasc Surg 12: 243–253Google Scholar
  10. Bachet J, Goudot B, Dreyfus G et al (2000) Surgery of acute type A dissection: what have we learned during the past 25 years? Z Kardiol [Suppl 7] 89: VII 47–VII 54Google Scholar
  11. Barnett HJM, Haines SJ (1993) Carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic carotid stenosis. N Engl J Med 328: 276–279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Barri YM, Davidson RA, Senler S (1996) Prediction of cure of hypertension in atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. South Med J 89: 679–683PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Baumeister RGH, Becker HM (1984) Amputationen bei Durchblutungsstörungen. Chirurg 55: 306–310PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Baumgartner R (1988) Die Exartikulation im Kniegelenk — Operationstechnik, Prothesenversor-gung. Chir Praxis 39: 727–739Google Scholar
  15. Berceli SA, Borovetz HS, Sheppeck RA et al (1991) Mechanisms of vein graft atherosclerosis: LDL metabolism and endothelial actin reorganization. J Vasc Surg 13: 336–347PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Bergdolt K, Möri H (1979) Aortenbogensyndrom. Angiocardiology 2: 39–48Google Scholar
  17. Bentall H, De Bono A (1968) A technique for complete replacement of the ascending aorta. Thorax 23: 338–339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Berguer R (1999) Suboccipital approach to the distal vertebral artery. J Vasc Surg 30: 344–349CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Berguer R, Caplan LR (1992) Vertebrobasilar arterial disease. Quality Medical Publishing. St Louis, MissouriGoogle Scholar
  20. Berguer R, Morasch M, Kline R (1998) A review of 100 consecutive reconstructions of the distal vertebral artery for embolic and hemodynamic disease. J Vasc Surg 27: 852–859PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Betzler M (1998) Chirurgisch-technische Leitlinien bei intestinaler Ischämie. Chirurg 69: 1–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Biller J, Feinberg WM, Castaldo JE, Whittemore AD et al (1998) Guidelines for carotid endarterectomy. A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the stroke council. American Heart Association. Circulation 97: 501–509PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Branchereau A, Magnan PE (1990) Results of vertebral artery reconstruction. J Cardiovasc Surg 31: 320–326Google Scholar
  24. Brewster DC, Cronenwett JL, Hallett HJW, Johnston KW, Krupsk WC, Matsumura JS (2003) Guidelines for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: Report of a subcommittee of the Joint Council of the American Association for Vascular Surgery and Society for Vascular Surgery. J Vasc Surg 37: 1106–1117CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Brice J, Dowsett D, Lowe R (1964) Haemodynamic effects of carotid artery stenosis. BMJ 2: 1363–1366Google Scholar
  26. Bock RW, Gray-Weale AC, Mock PA, Robinson DA, Irwig L, Lusby RJ (1993) The natural history of asymptomatic carotid artery disease. J Vasc Surg 17: 160–171PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Boley SJ, Feinstein FR, Sammartano R, Brandt LJ, Sprayregan S (1981) New concepts in the management of emboli of the superior mesenteric artery. Surg Gynecol Obstet 153: 628Google Scholar
  28. Borst HG, Heinemann MK, Stone CD (1996) Surgical treatment of aortic dissection. Churchill LivingstoneGoogle Scholar
  29. Bosse A, Ansorg P, Mayer B, Mulch J (1991) Die Eversionsendarteriektomie der A. carotis interna. Chir Prax 43: 643–651Google Scholar
  30. Boudoulas H, Toutouzas PK, Wooley CF (1996) Functional abnormalities of the aorta. Futura, Publishing CoGoogle Scholar
  31. Brossmann J, Müller-Hulsbeck S, Heller M (1998) Perkutane Thrombektomie und mechanische Thrombolyse. RöFo 169: 344–354PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Buhr HJ, Mann B, Lorenz EP (1998) Gefäßchirur-gische Techniken bei der peripheren Gefäßembolie. Chirurg 69: 38–47PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Bürrig KF (1994) The morphology of the carotid artery after uncomplicated endarterectomy. J Cardiovasc Surg 35: 413–418Google Scholar
  34. Cambria RP (2004) Stenting for carotid-artery stenosis. N Engl J Med 351: 1565–1567CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Campbell WB, Ridler BM, Szymanska TH (1998) Current management of acute leg ischaemia: results of an audit by the Vascular Surgical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Br J Surg 85: 1498–1503CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Cao PG, Giordano G, De Rango P, Zannetti S, Chiesa R, Coppi G et al. (1998) A randomized study on eversion versus standard carotid endarterectomy: study design and preliminary results: the Everest Trial. J Vasc Surg 27: 595–605CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Cao PG, De Rango P, Zanetti S, Giordano G, Ricci, S, Celani MG (2001) Eversion versus conventional carotid endarterectomy for preventing stroke (Cochrane Review). Cochrane Library, Oxford Update Software, Issue 2Google Scholar
  38. Carrel T, Pasic M, Jenni R, Tkebuchava T, Turina MI (1993) Reoperations after operation on the thoracic aorta: etiology, surgical techniques, and prevention. Ann Thorac Surg 56: 259–269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Castaneda-Zuniga WR, Formanek A, Lillehei RC, Tadavarthy M, Amplatz K (1981) Nonsurgical treatment of Takayasu’s disease. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 4: 245–248PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Chastain HD, Campbell MS, Iyer S et al (1999) Extracranial vertebral artery stent placement: inhospital and follow-up results. J Neurosurg 91: 547–552PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Ciná C, Clase CM, Haynes BR (1999) Refining the indications for carotid endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis: a systematic review. J Vasc Surg 30: 606–617PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Coselli JS (1994) Retrograde cerebral perfusion via a superior vena caval cannula for aortic arch aneurysm operations. Ann Thorac Surg 57: 1668–1669PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Coselli JS, Büket S, Djukanovic B (1995) Aortic arch operation: current treatment and results. Ann Thorac Surg 59: 19–27CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Counsell C, Salinas R, Naylor AR, Warlow CP (1997) A systematic review of the randomised trials of carotid patch angioplasty in carotid endarterectomy. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 13: 345–354CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Counsell C, Salinas R, Warlow C, Naylor R (2001) Patch angioplasty versus primary closure for carotid endarterectomy (Cochrane Review). Cochrane Library, Oxford Update Software, Issue 2Google Scholar
  46. Crawford ES, Kirklin JW, Naftel DC, Svensson LG, Coselli JS, Safi HJ (1992) Surgery for acute dissection of ascending aorta: should the arch be included? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 104: 46–59PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Cuffari WJ, Matsumoto T (1988) Effects of argon laser on vascular materials. J Vasc Surg 7: 562–567PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Dake MD, Miller DC, Semba CP, Mitchell RS, Walker PJ, Liddell RP (1994) Transluminal placement of endovascular stent-grafts for the treatment of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. N Engl J Med 331: 1729–1734CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Dardik H, Miller N, Dardik A et al (1988) A decade of experience with the glutaraldehyde-tanned human umbilical cord vein graft for revascularization of the lower limb. J Vasc Surg 7: 336–346CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Dardik H, Wengerter K, Qin F et al (2002) Comperative decades of experience with glutaraldehyde-tanned human umbilical cord vein graft for lower limb revascularization: an analysis of 1275 cases. J Vasc Surg 35: 64–71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. David TE (1999) Aortic valve sparing operations: an update. Ann Thorac Surg 67: 1840–1842PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. DeBakey ME, Cooley DA, Creech O (1955) Surgical considerations of dissecting aneurysm of the aorta. Ann Surg 142: 586–592Google Scholar
  53. DeBakey ME, Crawford ES, Cooley DA, Morris GC, Garrett HE, Fields WS (1965) Cerebral arterial insufficiency: one to 11-year results following arterial reconstructive operation. Ann Surg 161: 921–945PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. DeBakey ME, Henly WS, Cooley DA, Morris GC, Crawford ES, Beall AC (1965) Surgical treatment of dissecting aneurysms of the aorta. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 49: 130–149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. DeVries JPPM, Jager LC, van den Berg JC, Overtoom TTC, Ackerstaff RGA, van de Pavoordt EDWM, Moll FL (2005) Durability of percutaneous trans-luminal angioplasty for obstructive lesions of proximal subclavian artery: Long-term results. J Vasc Surg 41: 19–23Google Scholar
  56. Dock W, Turkof E, Maier A et al (1998) Prävalenz des abdominellen Aortenaneurysmas: Eine sonographische Screeningstudie. Fortschr Röntgenstr 168: 356–360Google Scholar
  57. Dotter CT, Judkins MP (1964) Transluminal treatment of arteriosclerotic obstruction. Description of a new technic and a preliminary report of its application. Circulation 30: 654–670PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Du Toit DF, Saaiman A (eds) (1999) Illustrated manual of endovascular stent-graft treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm. van Schaik, Hatfield, PretoriaGoogle Scholar
  59. Edwards WH, Edwards WH (2000) Vertebral-carotid transposition. Semin Vasc Surg 13: 70–73PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Eikelboom B, Lawson J, Moll F, Taks A (1988) The hemodynamic significance of carotid coiling. J Cardiovasc Surg 29: 437–440Google Scholar
  61. Ergin MA, Phillips RA, Galla JD (1994) Significance of distal false lumen after type A dissection repair. Ann Thorac Surg 57: 820–824PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Ernst CB (1993) Abdominal aortic aneurysm. N Engl J Med 328: 1167–1172CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Estrera AL, Miller CC, Huynh TT, Porat E, Safi HJ (2001) Neurologic outcome after thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Ann Thorac Surg 72: 1225–1230PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. European Carotid Surgery Trialists’ Collaboratory Group (1991) MRC European Carotid Surgery Trial: interim results for symptomatic patients with severe (70–99%) or with mild (0–29%) carotid stenosis. Lancet 337: 1235–1243Google Scholar
  65. Eyers P, Earnshaw JJ (1998) Acute non-traumatic arm ischaemia. Br J Surg 85: 1340–1346CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Fann JL, Glower DD, Miller DC et al (1991) Preservation of aortic valve in type A aortic dissection complicated by aortic regurgitation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 102: 62–75PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Fann JI, Smith JA, Miller DC et al (1995) Surgical management of aortic dissection during a 30-year period. Circulation [Suppl II] 92: II-113–121Google Scholar
  68. Faught WE, Mattos MA, Bemmelen PS van et al (1994) Color-flow duplex scanning of carotid arteries: new velocity criteria based on receiver operator characteristic analysis for threshold stenosis used in the symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid trials. J Vasc Surg 19: 818–828PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Fedriga E, Dal-Buono D, Minorati D, Moreo A, Colucci V, Gordini V (1994) Magnetic resonance in postoperative evaluation of aortic dissection. Radiol Med Torino 88: 771–777PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Fedriga E, Gordini V, Pellegrini A, Papagni L (1993) Postoperative MR follow-up of type A aortic dissection. J Comput Assist Tomogr 17: 873–877PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Feinberg RL, Winter RP, Wheeler JR et al (1990) The use of composite grafts in femorocrural bypasses for limb salvage: a review of 108 consecutive cases and comparison with 57 in situ saphenous vein bypasses. J Vasc Surg 12: 257–263CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Feeley TM, Leen EJ, Colgan MP, Moore DJ, O’Brien Hourihane D, Shanik GD (1991) Histologic characteristics of carotid artery plaque. J Vasc Surg 13: 719–724PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Fernandes e Fernandes J (1992) Endarterectomy: a brief look into the past and perspectives for the future. Eur J Vasc Surg 6: 582–584Google Scholar
  74. Fisher RG (1982) Strokes in children — their relationship to intrinsic pathology of the carotid artery. Am Surg 48: 344–350PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Flegel KM, Hanley J (1989) Risk factors for stroke and other embolic events in patients with non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation. Stroke 20: 1000–1004PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Fox AJ (2000) Comparison between carotid duplex sonography and cerebral angiography in asses-sing the degree of carotid stenosis. Am J Neuroradiol 21: 618–619PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Gasecki AP, Ferguson GG, Eliasziw M et al (1994) Early endarterectomy for severe carotid artery stenosis after a nondisabling stroke: results from the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial. J Vasc Surg 20: 288–295PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. George B, Laurian C (1987) The vertebral artery. Pathology and surgery. Springer, Berlin Heidel-berg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  79. Goldstein LB (2003) Extracranial carotid artery stenosis. Stroke 34: 2767–2773PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Goldstein M, Barnett HJM, Orgogozo JM, Sartorius N, Symon L, Vereshchagin NV (1989) Stroke — 1989: recommendations on stroke prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. Report of the WHO Task Force on stroke and other cerebrovascular disorders. Stroke 20: 1407–1431Google Scholar
  81. Gomez CR (2000) Carotid anioplasty and stenting: new horizons. Curr atherosclerosis Rep 2: 151–159Google Scholar
  82. Gordon RL, Haskell L, Hirsch M, Shifrin E, Weinman E, Romanoff H (1985) Transluminal dilatation of the subclavian artery. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 8: 14–19PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Greenhalgh RM, Hollier LH (1993) Surgery for stroke. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  84. Greenhalgh RM, Brown LC, Kwong GP, Powell JT, Thompson SG (2004) Comparison of endovascular aneurysm repair with open repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR trial 1), 30-day operative mortality results: randomised controlled trial. Lancet 36: 843–848Google Scholar
  85. Griepp RB, Ergin MA, Galla JD et al (1996) Looking for the artery of Adamkiewicz: a quest to minimize paraplegia after operations for aneurysms of the descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aorta. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 112: 1202–1215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Grimm BD, Jakob P, Hessenauer F, Schönleben K (1993) Die perkutane transluminale Angioplastie — Früherfolge und Komplikationen. Chir Prax 46: 501–511Google Scholar
  87. Grishaw GM, Thompson JM, Hamer JD (1994) A statistical analysis of the growth of small abdominal aortic aneurysms. Eur J Vasc Surg 8: 741–746Google Scholar
  88. Grote R, Freyschmidt J, Walterbusch G (1983) Die perkutane transluminale Angioplastik (PTA) von proximalen Subklaviastenosen. Fortschr Röntgenstr 138: 660–664Google Scholar
  89. Grüntzig A, Hopff H (1974) Perkutane Rekanalisation chronischer arterieller Verschlüsse mit einem neuen Dilatationskatheter. Modifikation der Dotter-Technik. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 99: 2502–2511PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Guzman RP, Zierler RE, Isaacson JA, Bergelin RO, Strandness DE (1994) Renal atrophy and arterial stenosis: a prospective study with duplex ultrasound. Hypertension 23: 346–350PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Halperin JL, Hart RG (1988) Atrial fibrillation and stroke: new ideas, persisting dilemmas. Stroke 19: 937–941PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Halpern VJ, Nackman GB, Gandhi RH et al (1994) The elastase infusion model of experimental aortic aneurysms: synchrony on induction of endogenous proteinases with matrix destruction and inflammatory cell response. J Vasc Surg 20: 51–60PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Hamann H (1989) Thorakale Sympathektomie beim Raynaud-Phänomen. Vasomed Aktuell 8: 10–12Google Scholar
  94. Hanke H, Karsch KR (1992) Rolle der Proliferation glatter Muskelzellen nach Ballonangioplastie. Herz 17: 300–308PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Hansen KJ, Ditesheim JA, Metropol SH et al (1989) Management of renovascular hypertension in the elderly population. J Vase Surg 10: 266–273Google Scholar
  96. Harper AM (1966) Autoregulation of cerebral blood flow: influence of the arterial blood pressure on the blood flow through the cerebral cortex. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 29: 398–403PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Harris PL, Vallabhaneni SR, Desgranges P, Becque-min JP, Marrewijk C van, Laheij RJ (2000) Incidence and risk factors of late rupture, conversion, and death after endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysms: the EUROSTAR experience. European collaborators on stent/graft techniques for aortic aneurysms repair. J Vasc Surg 32: 739–749CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Hartmann A, Wassmann H (1987) Hirninfarkt — Ätiologie, Diagnose, Prophylaxe und Therapie. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München Wien BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  99. He CM, Roach MR (1994) The composition and mechanical properties of abdominal aortic aneurysms. J Vasc Surg 20: 6–13PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Higami T, Kozawa S, Asada T et al (1999) Retrograde cerebral perfusion versus selective cerebral perfusion as evaluated by cerebral oxygen saturation during aortic arch reconstruction. Ann Thorac Surg 67: 1091–1096CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Hill B, Fogarty TJ (1999) The use of the Fogarty catheter in 1998. Cardiovasc Surg 7: 273–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Hobson RW (2000) Regarding “Randomized study of carotid angioplasty and stenting versus carotid endarterectomy: a stopped trial”. J Vasc Surg 31: 622–624CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Hobson RW (2001) Carotid angioplasty-stent: clinical experience and role for clinical trials. J Vasc Surg 33: S117–S123CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Hobson RW, Weiss DG, Fields WS et al (1993) Efficacy of carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic carotid stenosis. The Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study Group. N Engl J Med 328: 221–227CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Hollenbeck M, Voiculescu A, Hetzel GR, Sandmann W, Mödder U, Grabensee B (2002) Arteriosklerotische Nierenarterienstenose. Med Klin 97: 335–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Hollier LH, Money SR, Naslund TC, Procter CD, Buhrman WC, Marino RJ (1992) Risk of spinal cord dysfunction in patients undergoing thoracoabdominal aortic replacement. Am J Surg 164: 210–214PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Hölzenbei T, Kretschmer G, Thurnher S et al (2001) Midterm durability of abdominal aortic aneurysm endograft repair: a word of caution. J Vasc Surg 33: S46–S54Google Scholar
  108. Hopkinson B, Yusuf W, Whitaker S, Veith F (1997) Endovascular surgery for aortic aneurysms. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  109. Horrow MM, Stassi J, Shurman A, Brody JD, Kirby CL, Rosenberg HK (2000) The limitations of carotid sonography: interpretive and technology-related errors. AJR 174: 189–194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Hoyle RM, Jenkins JM, Edwards WH, Edwards WH, Martin RS, Mulherin JL (1994) Case management in cerebral revascularization. J Vasc Surg 20: 396–402PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. Humphrey PW, Keller MP, Spadone DP, Silver D (1993) Spontaneous common carotid artery dissection. J Vasc Surg 18: 95–99PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Hunder G (1992) Arteritis and connective tissue diseases involving the arteries. Curr Opin Cardiol 7: 811–819Google Scholar
  113. Hvaas U (2000) A new technique for sparing the aortic valve in patients with aneurysm of the ascending aorta and root. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 119: 1048–1049Google Scholar
  114. Illig KA, Eagleton MJ, Shortell CK, Ouriel K, De Weese JA, Green RM (1998) Ruptured popliteal artery aneurysm. J Vasc Surg 27: 783–787CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Inzitari D, Eliasziw M, Gates P et al (2000) The causes and risk of stroke in patients with asymptomatic internal-carotid-artery stenosis. N Engl J Med 342: 1693–1700CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Javid H, Ostermiller WE, Hengesh JW et al (1970) Natural history of carotid bifurcation atheroma. Surgery 67: 80–86PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Johnson WC, Watkins MT, Baldwin D, Hamilton J (1998) Foot TcPO2 response to lumbar sympathectomy in patients with focal ischemic necrosis. Ann Vasc Surg 12: 70–74CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Johnson WC, Lee KK (2000) A comparative evaluation of polytetrafluoroethylene, umbilical vein, and saphenous vein bypass grafts for femoral-popliteal above-knee revascularization: a prospective randomized Department of Veterans Affairs cooperative study. J Vasc Surg 32: 268–277CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Johnston KW (1993) Iliac arteries: reanalysis of results of balloon angioplasty. Radiology 186: 207–212PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Johnston KW (1994) Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: six-year follow-up results of a multicenter prospective study (Canadian Society for Vascular Surgery Aneurysm Study Group). J Vasc Surg 19: 888–900PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Juvonen T, Ergin MA, Galla JD et al (1997) Prospective study of the natural history of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Ann Thorac Surg 63: 1533–1545CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Kalman PG, Sniderman KW (1993) Is there a role for percutaneous transluminal angioplasty for graft stenosis? Semin Vasc Surg 6: 130–135PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Kanaoka Y, Ohgi S, Mori T (1994) Age-related changes in the abdominal aortic diameter. Vasc Surg 28: 349–358Google Scholar
  124. Kensey KR, Nash JE, Abrahams C, Zarins CK (1987) Recanalization of obstructed arteries with a flexibile, rotating tip catheter. Radiology 165: 387–389PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Kirklin JW, Kouchoukos NT (1993) When and how to include arch repair in patients with acute dissections involving the ascending aorta. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 5: 27–32PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Körner M, Baumgartner I, Do DD, Mahler F, Schroth G (1999) PTA of the subclavian and innominate arteries: long-term results. VASA 28: 117–122PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Krings W, Roth FJ, Peters PE (1991/1992) Perkutane transluminale Angioplastie peripherer Arterien. Chir Prax 44: 335–362Google Scholar
  128. Krumme B, Mann JF (2001) Atherosclerotic renal atery stenosis in 2001 — are we less confused than before? Nephrol Dial Transplant 16: 2124–2127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. Ku DN, Giddens DP (1983) Pulsatile flow in a model carotid bifurcation. Arteriosclerosis 3: 31–39PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Kunzelman KS, Grande KJ, David TE, Cochran RP, Verrier ED (1994) Aortic root and valve relationships. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 107: 162–170PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Laubach K, Linder F, Piotrowski W (1972) Thorakale transaxilläre Sympathektomie — Indikation, Technik und Frühergebnisse. Dtsch Med Wochnschr 97: 745–749Google Scholar
  132. Lederle FA, Wilson SE, Johnson GR et al (1994) Design of the abdominal aortic aneurysm detection and management study (ADAM VA Cooperative Study Group). J Vasc Surg 20: 296–303PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Lee RE, Baird RN (1990) A haemodynamic evaluation of the femoro-femoral cross-over bypass. Eur J Vasc Surg 4: 167–172CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Lee WA, Carter JW, Upchurch G, Seeger JM, Huber TS (2004) Perioperative outcomes after open and endovascular repair of intact abdominal aortic aneurysms in the United States during 2001. J Vasc Surg 39: 491–496PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. Leertouwer TC, Gussenhoven EJ, Bosch JL (2000) Stent placement for renal arterial stenosis: where do we stand? A meta-analysis. Radiology 216: 78–85PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Lees RS (1984) The natural history of carotid artery disease. Stroke 15: 603–604PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Leung DA, Spinosa DJ, Haspiel KD, Angle JF, Matsumoto AH (2003) Selection of stents for treating iliac arterial ooclusive disease. J Vasc Intervent Radiol 14: 137–152Google Scholar
  138. Levy PJ, Krausz MM, Manny J (1990) Acute mesen-teric ischemia: improved results — a retrospective analysis of ninety-two patients. Surgery 107: 372–380PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Ling E, Arellano R (2000) Systematic overview of the evidence supporting the use of cerebrospinal fluid drainage in thoracoabdominal aneurysm surgery for prevention of paraplegia. Anesthesiology 93: 1115–1122PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Lu J, Ebraheim NA (1999) The vertebral artery: surgical anatomy. Orthopedics 22: 1081–1085PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Ludwig MM, Jörger U, Winter U, Stumpe KO, Schild H (1995) Morbus Takayasu. Herz Kreislauf 27: 29–33Google Scholar
  142. Mackey WC, O’Donnell TF, Callow AD (1990) Carotid endarterectomy contralateral to an occluded carotid artery: perioperative risk and late results. J Vasc Surg 11: 778–785PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Mahler F (1986) Zur Geschichte der perkutanen transluminalen Angioplastie (PTA). VASA 15: 329–334PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. Malek AK, Higertner L, Szostek M (1994) The effect of internal carotid artery elongation on intracranial blood flow. Eur J Vasc Surg 8: 677–681CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. Malina JR (1986) Stellenwert der Sympathektomie in der Behandlung arterieller Durchblutungsstörungen und anderer Krankheitszustände. Chir Prax 36: 369–386Google Scholar
  146. Marcus ML, Heistad DD, Erhardt JC, Abboud FM (1977) Regulation of the total regional spinal cord blood flow. Circ Res 41: 128–134PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Martin LG, Rundback JH, Sacks D et al (2003) Quality improvement guidelines for angiography, angioplasty, and stent placement in the diagnosis and treatment of renal artery stenosis in adults. J Vasc Intervent Radiol 14: S297–S310Google Scholar
  148. Mastroroberto P, Chello M (1999) Emergency thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair: Clinical outcome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 118: 477–482PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Mathias K, Mittermayer C, Ensinger H, Neff W (1980) Perkutane Katheterdilatation von Karotisstenosen. Tierexperimentelle Untersuchungen. Fortschr Röntgenstr 133: 258–261Google Scholar
  150. Maxell MH, Bleifer KH, Franklin SS, Varady PD (1972) Cooperative study of renovascular hypertension. Demographic analysis of the study. JAMA 220: 1195–1204Google Scholar
  151. May J, White GH, Waugh R et al, The Society of Interventional Radiology Standards of Practice Committee (2001) Improved survival after endoluminal repair with second-generation prostheses compared with open repair in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: a 5-year concurrent comparison using life table method. J Vasc Surg 33: S21–S26CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. May R (1983) Die Geschichte der Thrombendarterectomie — Die Cid dos Santos’s Operation. Angio 5: 91–92Google Scholar
  153. Mazzucotelli JP, Deleuze PH, Baufreton C et al (1993) Preservation of the aortic valve in acute aortic dissection: long-term echo-cardiographic assessment and clinical outcome. Ann Thorac Surg 55: 1513–1517PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. McCrory DC, Goldstein LB, Samsa GP et al (1993) Predicting complications of carotid endarterectomy. Stroke 24: 1285–1291PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. McNamara MF, Berguer R (1989) Simultaneous carotid-vertebral reconstruction. J Cardiovasc Surg 30: 161–164Google Scholar
  156. Meyers M, O’Leary JP (1998) Fogarty and his catheter. Am Surg 64: 478–479PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Molnar RG, Naslund TC (1998) Vertebral artery surgery. Surg Clin North Am 78: 901–913CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Moneta GL, Edwards JM, Chitwood RW et al (1993) Correlation of North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) angiographic definition of 70 to 90% internal carotid artery stenosis with duplex scanning J Vasc Surg 17: 152–159PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. Moreau P, Albat B, Thevenet A (1993) Fibromuscular dysplasia of the internal carotid artery: long-term surgical results. J Cardiovasc Surg 34: 465–472Google Scholar
  160. Morin JF, Johnston KW, Wasserman L, Andrews D (1986) Factors that determine the long-term results of percutaneous transluminal dilatation for peripheral arterial occlusive disease. J Vasc Surg 4: 68–72CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Moriyama Y, Yotsumoto G, Kuruwaki K et al (1998) Intramural hematoma of the thoracic aorta. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 13: 2330–2339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Motomiya M, Karino T (1984) Flow patterns in the human carotid artery bifurcation. Stroke 15: 50–56PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Mungas JE (1977) Amaurosis fugax. Stroke 8: 232–235PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Nienaber CA, Fattori R, Lund G et al (1999) Nonsurgical reconstruction of thoracic aortic dissection by stent-graft placement. N Engl J Med 340: 1539–1545CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Njemanze PC, Beck OJ, Gomez CR, Horenstein S (1991) Fourier analysis of the cerebrovascular system. Stroke 22: 721–726PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial Collaborators (1991) Beneficial effect of carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic patients with high-grade carotid stenosis. N Engl J Med 325: 445–453Google Scholar
  167. Ojha M, Cobbold RSC, Johnston KW (1994) Influence of angle on wall shear stress distribution for an end-to-side anastomosis. J Vasc Surg 19: 1067–1073PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. Park TC, Harker CT, Edwards JM, Moneta GL, Taylor LM, Porter JM (1993) Human saphenous vein grafts explanted from the arterial circulation demonstrate altered smooth-muscle and endothelial responses. J Vasc Surg 18: 61–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. Parodi JC (1997) Endovascular stent graft repair of aortic aneurysms. Curr Opin Cardiol 12: 396–405PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Parodi JC, Palmaz JC, Barone HD (1991) Transfemoral intraluminal graft implantation for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Ann Vasc Surg 5: 491–499CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. Pennell RC, Hollier LH, Lie JT et al (1985) Inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms: a thirty-year review. J Vase Surg 2: 859–869Google Scholar
  172. Perler BA, Williams GM (1990) Carotid-subclavian bypass — a decade of experience. J Vasc Surg 12: 16–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Pleumeekers HJCM, Hoes AW, Does E van der, Urk H van, Grobbee DE (1994) Epidemiology of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Eur J Vase Surg 8: 119–128Google Scholar
  174. Plouin PF, Chatellier G, Darne B (1998) Blood pressure outcome of angioplasty in atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis: a randomized trial. Essai Multicentrique Medicaments vs. Angioplastie (EMMA) Study Group. Hypertension 31: 823–829PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Prat A, Saez De Ibarra J, Beregi JP, Doisy V (1997) Intramural hematoma of the thoracic aorta: precursor sign to thoracic aortic dissection. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 12: 510–512CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  176. Pratschner T, Kretschmer G, Prager M et al (1990) Antiplatelet therapy following carotid bifurcation endarterectomy. Evaluation of a controlled clinical trial. Prognostic significance of histologic plaque examination on behalf of survival. Eur J Vasc Surg 4: 285–289CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Pugliese P, Pessotto R, Santini F, Montalbano G, Luciani GB, Mazzucco A (1998) Risk of late operation in patients with acute type A aortic dissection: impact of a more radical surgical approach. Eur J Cardiovasc Surg 13: 576–581Google Scholar
  178. Pyeritz RE (2000) Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. N Engl J Med 342: 730–732CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. Qiñones-Baldrich WJ, Prego AA, Ucelay-Gomez R et al (1992) Long-term results of infrainguinal revascularisation with polytetrafluoroethylene: a ten-year experience. J Vasc Surg 16: 209–217Google Scholar
  180. Raithel D, Kasprzak P (1991/1992) Operationstechnische Varianten in der Karotischirurgie. Chir Prax 44: 483–491Google Scholar
  181. Rajagopol KV, Lakhkar BN, Banavali S, Singh NK (2000) Color duplex evaluation of carotid occlusive lesions. Ind J Radiol Imag 10Google Scholar
  182. Reber PU, Patel AG, Stauffer E, Muller MF, Do DD, Kniemeyer HW (1999) Mural aortic thrombi: an important cause of peripheral embolization. J Vasc Surg 30: 1084–1089CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. Rees CR (1999) Stents for atherosclerotic renovascular disease. J Vasc Intervent Radiol 10: 689–705Google Scholar
  184. Reid K (1970) The anatomy of the sinus of Valsalva. Thorax 25: 79–85PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. Reifsnyder T, Towne JB, Seabrook GR, Blair JF, Bandyk DF (1993) Biologic characteristics of long-term autogenous vein grafts: a dynamic evolution. J Vasc Surg 17: 207–217PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Ricco JB (1992) Unilateral iliac artery occlusive disease: a randomized multicenter trial examining direct revascularization versus crossover bypass. Ann Vasc Surg 6: 209–219CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. Rieben FW (1980) Vertebrobasiläre Insuffizienz. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 105: 1302–1303PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. Ritz E, Mann JFE (2000) Renal angioplasty for lowering blood pressure. N Engl J Med 342: 1042–1043CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Roberts B, Hardesty W, Holling H, Reivich M, Toole J (1964) Studies on extracranial cerebral blood flow. Surgery 56: 826–833PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Robicsek F, Thubrikar MJ (1994) Conservative operation in the management of annular dilatation and ascending aortic aneurysm. Ann Thorac Surg 57: 1672–1674PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. Rodriguez-Lopez JA, Werner A, Martinez R, Torruella LJ, Ray LI, Diethrich EB (1999) Stenting for atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the subclavian artery. Ann Vasc Surg 13: 254–260CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. Rosenthal D (1999) Spinal cord ischemia after abdominal aortic operation: is it preventable? J Vasc Surg 30: 391–399CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. Rosenthal D, Evans RD, McKinsey J et al (1990) Prosthetic above-knee femoropopliteal bypass for intermittent claudication. J Cardiovasc Surg 31: 462–468Google Scholar
  194. Rutherford RB, Baker JD, Ernst C, Johnston KW, Porter JM, Ahn S, Jones DN (1997) Recommended standards for reports dealing with lower extremity ischemia: Revised version. J Vasc Surg 26: 517–538CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. Sabik JF, Lytle BW, Blackstone EH, McCarthy PM, Loop FD, Cosgrove DM (2000) Long-term effectiveness of operations for ascending dissections. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 119: 946–962PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. Safi HJ, Vinnerkvist A, Bhama JK, Miller CC, Koussayer S, Haverich A (1998) Aortic valve disease in Marfan syndrome. Curr Opin Cardiol 13: 91–95PubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. Samson RH, Showalter DP, Yunis JP, Dorsay DA, Kulman HI, Silverman SR (1999) Hemodynamically significant early recurrent carotid stenosis: an often self-limiting and self-reversing condition. J Vasc Surg 30: 446–452CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Sarsam M, Yacoub M (1993) Remodelling of the aortic valve annulus. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 102: 435–438Google Scholar
  199. Schäfers HJ, Fries R, Langer F, Nikoloudakis N, Graeter T, Grundmann U (1998) Valve-preserving replacement of the ascending aorta: remodeling versus reimplantation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 116: 990–996PubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. Scott RAP, Ashton HA, Kay DN (1991) Abdominal aortic aneurysm in 4237 screened patients: prevalence, development and management over 6 years. Br J Surg 78: 1122–1125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Sekine S, Abe T, Kuribayashi R et al (1996) Composite graft replacement of the aortic root in patients with Marfan’s syndrome. Cardiovasc Surg 5: 635–638Google Scholar
  202. Segesser LK von, Lorenzetti E, Lachat M (1996) Aortic valve preservation in acute type A dissection: is it sound? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 111: 381–391Google Scholar
  203. Shionoya S (1983) What is Buerger’s disease? World J Surg 7: 544–551CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. Slavotinek J, Kendall SW, Flower CD, Dixon AK, Wells FC, Large SR (1993) Radiological evaluation of the ascending aorta following repair of type A dissection. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 16: 293–296PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. Sommeling CA, Buth J, Jakimowicz JJ (1990) Long-term behavior of modified human umbilical vein grafts: late aneurysmal degeneration established by colour-Duplex scanning. Eur J Vasc Surg 4: 89–94CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. Sommer T, Fehske W, Smekal A von et al (1995) Spiral-Computertomographie, multiplane transösophageale Echokardiographie und Magnetresonanztomographie in der Diagnostik thorakaler Aortendissektionen. Fortschr Röntgenstr 162: 104–111Google Scholar
  207. Soyombo AA, Angelini GD, Newby AC (1995) Neointima formation is promoted by surgical preparation and inhibited by cyclic nucleotides in human saphenous vein organ cultures. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 109: 2–12PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. Stelter WJ, Umscheid T, Ziegler P (1997) Three years surgical experience with modular stent-graft devices for treatment of AAA. J Endovasc Surg 4: 362–369CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  209. Stonebridge PA, Draper T, Kelman J et al (1994) Growth rate of infrarenal aneurysms. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 11: 70–73Google Scholar
  210. Suggs WD, Veith FJ (1992) Surgical treatment of lower extremity vascular disease. Curr Opin Cardiol 7: 851–856Google Scholar
  211. Svensson LG, Crawford ES (1997) Cardiovascular and vascular disease of the aorta. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  212. Svensson LG, Crawford ES (1992) Aortic dissection and aortic aneurysm surgery: clinical observations, experimental investigations, and statistical analyses. Part I. Curr Probl Surg 29: 819–912Google Scholar
  213. Svensson LG, Crawford ES (1992) Aortic dissection and aortic aneurysm surgery: clinical observations, experimental investigations, and statistical analyses. Part II. Curr Probl Surg 29: 915–1057Google Scholar
  214. Svenson LG, Hess KR, Coselli JS, Safi HJ (1994) Influence of segmental arteries, extent, and atriofemoral bypass on postoperative paraplegia after thoracoabdominal aortic operations. J Vasc Surg 20: 255–262Google Scholar
  215. Szilagyi DE, Hageman JH, Smith RF, Illiott JP (1978) Spinal cord damage in surgery of the abdominal aorta. Surgery 83: 38–56PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. Tabayashi K, Niibori K, Iguchi A (1993) Replacement of the transverse aortic arch for type A acute aortic dissection. Ann Thorac Surg 55: 864–867PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. The UK Small Aneurysm Trial Participants (1998) Mortality results for randomised controlled trial of early elective surgery or ultrasonographic surveillance for small abdominal aortic aneurysms. Lancet 352: 1649–1655Google Scholar
  218. The United Kingdom Small Aneurysm Trial Participants (2002) Long-term outcomes of immediate repair compared with surveillance for small abdominal aortic aneurysms. N Engl J Med 346: 1437–1444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. Theis JH, Lee G, Ikeda RM, Stobbe D, Ogata C, Lui H, Mason DT (1983) Effects of laser irradiation on human erythrocytes: considerations concerning clinical laser angioplasty. Clin Cardiol 6: 396–398PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. Toursarkissian B, Rubin BG, Reilly JM, Thompson RW, Allen BT, Sicard GA (1998) Surgical treatment of patients with symptomatic vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Ann Vasc Surg 12: 28–33CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. Treasure T (1993) Elective replacement of the aortic root in Marfan’s syndrome. Br Heart J 69: 63–64Google Scholar
  222. Turkenburg JL, Oostayen JA van, Bollen WL (1999) Role of carotid sonography as a first examination in the evaluation of patients with transient ischemic attacks and strokes: benefit in relation to age. J Clin Ultrasound 27: 65–69CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. Turnipseed WD, Starck EE, McDermott JC et al (1986) Percutaneous aspiration thromboembolectomy (PAT): an alternative to surgical balloon techniques for clot retrieval. J Vasc Surg 3: 437–441PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. Ueda T, Yuh WTC, Maley JE et al (1999) Current and future imaging of acute cerebral ischemia: assessment of tissue viability by perfusion imaging. J Comput Assist Tomogr [Suppl 1] 23: S3–S7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. Van de Ven PJG, Kaatee R, Beutler JJ et al (1999) Arterial stenting and ballon angioplasty in ostial atherosclerotic renovascular disease: a randomised trial. Lancet 353: 282–286PubMedGoogle Scholar
  226. Van Dongen RJAM (1992) Chronische Intestinalarterienverschlüsse. Symptomatik, Operationsindikation, Zugangswege, Rekonstruktionsmethoden. Chir Prax 45: 113–128Google Scholar
  227. Van Jaarsveld BC, Krijnen P, Pieterman H et al (2000) The Dutch Renal Artery Stenosis Intervention Cooperative Study Group: the effect of balloon angioplasty on hypertension in atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. N Engl J Med 342: 1007–1014PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. Van Schil PEY, Ackerstaff RGA, Vermeulen FEE, Eikelboom BC, Schepens MAA (1994) Long-term clinical and duplex follow-up after proximal vertebral artery reconstruction. Vasc Surg 28: 471–479Google Scholar
  229. Veith FJ (1994) Current critical problems in vascular surgery. Quality Medical Publishing Inc.Google Scholar
  230. Vetto MR (1962) The treatment of unilateral iliac artery obstruction with a transabdominal subcutaneous, femoro-femoral graft. Surgery 52: 342–345Google Scholar
  231. Viljanen T, Landtman M, Luosto R (1985) Late results of the surgical treatment for aortic dissections. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 33: 8–15PubMedGoogle Scholar
  232. Vitti MJ, Thompson BW, Read RC et al (1994) Carotid-subclavian bypass: a twenty-two-year experience. J Vasc Surg 20: 411–418PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. Vosse FN van de, Steenhoven AA van, Janssen JD, Reneman RS (1990) A two-dimensional numerical analysis of unsteady flow in the carotid artery bifurcation. Biorheology 27: 163–189PubMedGoogle Scholar
  234. Walterbusch G, Frömke J, Sydow M (2003) A simple method to reduce ischemic time of the spinal cord in extensive thoracoabdominal aneurysm operations. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 51: 46–48CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. Walterbusch G, Marr U, Abramov V, Frömke J (1994) The antero-axillary thoracotomy for operations of the distal aortic arch and the proximal descending aorta. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 8: 79–81CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. Westaby S, Katsumata T, Vaccari G (2000) Aortic root replacement with coronary button reimplantation: low risc and predictable outcome. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 17: 259–265CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. Wheeler HB (1990) Presidential address: common sense and carotid endarterectomy. J Vasc Surg 11: 735–744CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  238. Whatling PJ, Galland RB (1999) Isolated compartment syndrome of the hand after brachial embolectomy. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 17: 446–447CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. Whisnant JP (1983) The role of the neurologist in the decline of stroke. Ann Neurol 14: 1–7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  240. Wilmink BM, Quick CRG, Hubbard CS, Day NE (1999) The influence of screening on the incidence of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. J Vasc Surg 30: 203–208PubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. Wolinsky H, Glagov S (1969) Comparison of abdominal and thoracic aortic medial structure in mammals. Circ Res 25: 677–686PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. Wollenek G, Laufer G (1989) Laser angioplasty in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease — state of the art 1988. Herz 14: 29–38PubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. Wong JM, Hansen KJ, Oskin TC et al (1999) Surgery after failed percutaneously renal artery angioplasty. J Vasc Surg 30: 468–488CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  244. Yadav JS, Wholey MH, Kuntz RE, Fayad P et al (2004) Protected carotid-artery stenting versus endarterectomy in high-risk patients. N Engl J Med 351: 1493–1501CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. Yao J, Pearce W (1993) Long-term results in vascular surgery. Appleton & Lange, NorwalkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag Darmstadt 2006

Personalised recommendations