Linkage studies of structure, isoenzymatic diversity and some biotechnological procedures for Salsola species under desert saline environments

  • Kristina N. Toderich
  • Victoria V. Li
  • Clanton C. Black
  • Temur R. Yunusov
  • Elena V. Shuiskay
  • Gulnara K. Mardonova
  • Lilya G. Gismatullina
Conference paper

Abstract

One of the main undesirable consequences of the process of desertification in the Central Asia countries is an amplification of salinity process resulting in a wide development of saline soils. The amplification of the salinity process under conditions of aridization of climate is caused by the high maintenance of salts both in the surface and in subsoil waters of dry lands of the Aral Sea Basin [1]. Besides that, the recent overuse of Amudarya, Zerafshan and Syrdarya river water has resulted in the waterlogging and secondary salinization (human caused) salt/affected lands on whole adjacent territories. Effects of these impacts include alteration or destruction of vegetation, frequent disappearance of many useful, endemic and relict species of desert plants, and consequently, establishment of annual plant communities dominated by weeds and exotic species. Up to 15,000 ha of pastures are annually affected by salinity and waterlogging that resulted in the reduction of population of more than 1,500 species of mammals, birds and plants in the whole of the Central Asia region [2, 3].

Keywords

Sucrose Starch Agar Europe EDTA 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Tsvetsinskaya EA, Vainberg BI, Glushko EV (2002) An integrated assessment of landscape evolution, long-term climate variability, and land use in the Amudarya Prisarykamysh delta. J Arid Environments 51: 363–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    National strategy and action plan on conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in the Republic of Kazakhstan (1999) — a report of Ministry of Natural Resources and Protection of Environment of the Republic of Kazakstan: 102Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    De Beurs KM, Henebry GM (2004) Land surface phenology, climatic variation, and institutional change: analyzing agricultural land cover change in Kazakhstan. Remote Sensing. of Environment 89: 497–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nazariyuk LA (1968) Biological characteristics of some annual salsolas forage species in relation to the improvement of ranges on the adyr of Nishan steppe. (Biologicheskaya kharakteristika nekotorykh kormovykh vidov odnoletnikh solyanok v svyazi s uluchsheniem pastbishch na adyrakh Nishanskoi stepi.) Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchyonoi stepeni kandidata biologicheskikh nauk, Tashkent: 18Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shamsutdinova EZ, Myasodoev NA, Kalinkina LG, Baburina OK, Naumova TG, Balnokin YV (1997) Impact of soil salinization on amino contents in halophyte species. Problemy. Osvoeniya Pustyn 10(3): 70–73Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Khan MA, Ungar IA (2000)Alleviation of innate and salinity induced dormancy in Atriplex. griffithii Moq. var. stocksii Boiss. Department of Environmental and Plant Biology, Ohio University, Athens, OH, 45701 2979, USA. Seed Sci and Technol 28(1): 29–37Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Toderich KN, Aparin VB, Tsukatanu T, Konkin AB (2003) A strategy for land rehabilitation by salt and heavy metal removal using the integration of Asiatic desert plant diversity. Chinese J Arid Land Geography V.26:10: 150–159Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li VV (2000) Effect of various types of substrate salinity on seed germination of Climacoptera lanata (Pall.). Abstracts of International Seminar, ‘Prospects for Saline Agriculture’, Islamabad: 86Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li VV (2000) The opportunities of using annual Salsola species associated with rehabilitation of salt/affected lands in South-Eastern Kyzylkum. Abstracts of the International Scientific Conference, ‘Problems of desertification in arid zones’, 16–18 October 2000, Samarkand, Uzbekistan: 69 (Russian)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Toderich KN, Goldshtein RI, Aparin VB, Idzikowska K, Rashidova GSh (2001) Environmental state and analysis of phytogenetic resources of halophytic plants for rehabilitation and livestock feeding in arid sandy deserts of Uzbekistan. In: SW Breckle, W Weste, W Wucherer (eds): Sustainable land use in deserts. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, New York 154–165Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Toderich KN, Tsukatani T, Petukhov OF, Gruthinov VA, Khujanazarov T, Juylova EA, (2004) Risk assessment of environmental contaminants of Asiatic Deserts Ecosystems in relation to plant distribution and structure. J Arid Land Studies 14S: 33–36Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rilke S, Reiman C (1996) Morphological and ecophysiological differences between the subspecies of Salsola kali L. in Europe: results of culture experiments. Flora (Jena) 191:363–376Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kenny L, Caligari PDS (1996) Androgenesis of salt tolerant shrub Atriplex glauca. Plant. Cell Reports 15: 829–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Thiyagarajah M, Fry SC, Yeo AR (1996) In vitro salt tolerance of cell wall enzymes from halophytes and glycophytes. J Exp Botany 47(304): 1717–1724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rudin D, Ekberg I (1978) Linkage studies in Pinus sylvestris using macrogametophyte allozymes. Silvae Genetica 27: 1–12Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Szmidt AE, Yazdani R (1984) Electrophoretic studies of genetic polymorphism of shikimate and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in genetic studies of Scots pine domestication by means of isoenzyme analysis. PhD dissertation SUAS, Umea, Sweden: 6–13Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Muona O, Szmidt A (1985) A multilocus study of natural populations of Pinus sylvestris in population genetics in forestry. Lect Notes Biomath 60: 226–240Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Toderich KN, Goldshtein RI, Aparin SB, Rashidova GSh (1999) Ecological state and an analysis of halophytic resources of arid/saline deserts of Kyzylkum. Ecological problems of sustainable Land. Use in Deserts, BonnGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hamrick JL, Mitton JB, Linhart YB (1981) Levels of genetic variation in trees: The influence of life history characteristics. Proc Symp on Isozymes of N Amer Forest Trees and. Forest Insects. Pacific SW For and Range Expt Stat Tech Report PSW-48: 35–Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Crawford DJ (1983) Phylogenetic and systematic inferences from electroforetic studies. Part A. In: SD Tanskley, TJ Orton (eds) Isozymes in plant genetics and breeding. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam 237–244Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nei M, Roychoudhury AK (1978) Sampling variances of heterozygosity and genetic distance. Genetics 76: 379–390Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wojnicka-Poltorak A, Chudzinska E, Shuiskaya E, Barczak H, Toderich K, Prus-Glowacki W (2002) Isoenzymatic and cytological studies of some Asiatic species of genus Salsola. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 71(2): 115–120Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Golding B (1994) Genetic relationship among 19 accessions of six species of Chenopodium L. by random amplified polymorphic DNA fragments (RAPD). In: PM Ruas, A Bonifacio, CF Ruas, DJ Fairbanks, WR Andersen Non-neutral evolution. Theories and molecular data. Euphytica 105: 25–32Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Johnson HB (1975) Plant pubescence: an ecological perspective. Bot Rev 41: 233–258Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gintzburger G, Toderich KN, Mardonov BK, Makhmudov MM (2003) Rangelands of arid. and semiarid zones of Uzbekistan. CIRAD-ICARDA Publisher, France 478Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Upadhyay N, Makoveychuk AY, Nikolaeva LA, Batygina TB (1992) Organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis in leaf callus culture of Rauwolfia caffra Sond. J Plant Physiol 140: 218–222Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Casstellar MR, Iborra JL (1997) Callus induction from explants of Crocus sativus. J Plant Biochem Biotechnol 6(2): 97–100Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Luo JP, Jia JF (1998) Callus induction and plant regeneration from hypocotyl explants of the forage legume Astragalus adsurgens. Plant Cell Reports 17: 567–570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Elhaak MA (1999) Effect of abscisic acid on growth and certain osmoregulatory metabolites in the leaf callus of Gymnocarpos decandrum. Arab Gulf J Sci Res 17(1): 95–109Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zheng MY, Konzak CF (1999) Effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on callus induction and plant regeneration in anther culture of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant Cell. Reports 19: 69–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag/Switzerland 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristina N. Toderich
    • 1
  • Victoria V. Li
    • 1
  • Clanton C. Black
    • 2
  • Temur R. Yunusov
    • 1
  • Elena V. Shuiskay
    • 1
  • Gulnara K. Mardonova
    • 1
  • Lilya G. Gismatullina
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Desert Ecology and Water Resources ResearchSamarkand Branch of Academy of SciencesSamarkandUzbekistan
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

Personalised recommendations