An overview of the coastal zone plant diversity and management strategies in the mediterranean region of Turkey

  • Münir Öztürk
  • Aykut Güvensen
  • Çiğdem Görk
  • Güven Görk


The Mediterranean basin has served as the cradle for well known civilizations [1]. Its favourable environmental conditions have attracted humans towards the coastal parts for thousands of years and they exploited the land very severely, thus resulting in the degradation of this complex ecosystem [2]. During the last few decades the basin has become a focus of attention for scientists and several projects have been followed [3–6]. Turkey is one of the countries with a long coastline in the basin including the Mediterranean Sea and Aegean Sea with a total length of 5,191 km [4]. The high mountain ranges run in close proximity to the shoreline allowing some of the rivers to form fertile alluvial plains. Due to the varying geological features, the coastline is highly indented embodying several bays and coves serving as the main area for tourism and recreation as well as other coastal uses.


Coastal Zone Coastal Dune Dominant Cation Dominant Anion Teucrium Polium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Dalman PR (1998) Plant life in the world’s Mediterranean climates. University of California Press, Berkeley, California 258Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Belfiore S (1996) The role of the European community in the Mediterranean coastal zone management. Ocean Coast Manage 31: 219–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vertovec M, Sakcali S, Ozturk M, Salleo S, Giacomich P, Feoli E, Nardini A (2001) Diagonosing plant water status as a tool for quantifying water stress on a regional basis in Mediterranean drylands. Ann For Sci 58: 113–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Öztürk M, Çelik A, Yarci C, Aksoy A, Feoli E (2002) An overview of plant diversity, land use and degradation in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. Environ Manage Health 13: 442–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Feoli E, Giacomich P, Mignozzi K, Ozturk M, Scimone M (2003) Monitoring desertification risk with a index integrating climatic and remotely-sensed data: An example from the coastal area of Turkey. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal 14: 10–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Berberoğlu S (2003) Sustainable management for the Eastern Mediterranean Coast of Turkey. Environ Manage 31: 442–451PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Öztürk M, Güvensen A (2002) Studies on the halophytic vegetation of saline-alkaline habitats in West Anatolia-Turkey. In: AM Hegazi et al. (eds): Proc. of the International Synposium on Optimum Resources Utilization in Salt-Effects Ecosystems in Arid and Semiarid Regions DRC, Cairo, Egypt 241–244Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Davis PH (1965–1988) Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Island. Edinburgh University Press, UK 1–10Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zeybek N, Sheikh KH, Ozturk MA (1976) Coastal halophytes of the Aegean region. Cento Symposium, Adana 148–153Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gehu JM, Uslu T, Costa M (1989) Apport a la Connaissance Phytosociologique du Littoral Sud de la Turquie Mediterraneenne. Colloques phytosociologiques XIX: 591–622Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lovric AZ, Uslu T (1986) Dry coastal ecosysytems of Turkey. Ecosystems of the World II-A, 4/12. Elsevier, Amsterdam 443–469Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Guvensen A, Ozturk M (2003) Halophytic plant diversity of south Aegean coastal zone in Turkey. Pak J Bot 35: 853–864Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Çakan H, Yilmaz KT, Düzenli A (2005) First comprehensive assessment of the conservation status of the flora of the Çukurova Deltas, southern Turkey. Oryx 39/1: 1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Berberoğlu S, Yilmaz KT, Özkan C (2004) Mapping and monitoring of coastal wetlands of Cukurova Delta in the East Mediterranean Region. Biodivers Conserv 13: 615–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Akman Y, Daget PH (1971) Quelques aspects synoptiques des climats de la Turquie. Bull Soc Lang Geogr 5: 269–300Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Akman Y (1999) İklim ve biyoiklim (Biyoiklim metodları ve Türkiye iklimleri). Kariyer Press, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Babalonas D, Syroka KV, Papastergiadou ES (1995) Review of plant communities from Greek dunes and salt-marshes, a preminary summarizing list. Annali Di Botanica 3: 107–117Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ekim T, Koyuncu M, Vural M, Duman H, Aytac Z, Adıguzel N (2000) Red data book of Turkish plants. Bariscan Press, Ankara 246Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Richards LA (1954) Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. United States Laboratory Staff, Agriculture Handbook No: 60, Soil and Water Conservation Research Branch Agricultural Research Service, Riverside, California, USA 69–180Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Soil_Survey Staff (1951) Soil survey manual, U.S.D.A Handbook, Washington DC Press, USA 18Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Öztürk M, Akbaş F, Güvensen A, Fırattekin Y (2000) Studies on the edaphic relations in Söke. ‘Plant Life in Sout-West and Central Asia, Vth International Symposium’, Tashkent-Uzbekistan 139–148Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Conacher AC, Sala M (1998) Land Degradation in the Mediterranean Environments of the World: Nature and Extent, Causes and Solutions. Wiley, Chichester, UKGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yilmaz KT (1998) Ecological diversity of the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey and its conservation. Biodivers Conserv 7: 87–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Berberoğlu S, Alphan H, Yilmaz KT (2003) A remote sensing approach for detecting agricultural encroachment on the Eastern Mediterranean Coastal Dunes of Turkey. Turk J Agric For 27: 135–144Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Cori BS (1999) Spatial dynamics of Mediterranean coastal region. J Coastal Conserv 5: 105–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yilmaz KT (2002) Evaluation of the phytosociological data as a tool for indicating coastal dune degradation. Israel J Plant Sci 50: 229–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hoffman J (1998) Assessing the effects of environmental changes in a landscape by means of ecological characteristcs of plant species. Landcape and Urban Planning 41: 239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Donoghue DNM, Mironnet N (2002) Development of an integrated geographical information system prototype for coastal habitat monitoring. Computers and Geosciencesa 28: 129–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag/Switzerland 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Münir Öztürk
    • 1
  • Aykut Güvensen
    • 2
  • Çiğdem Görk
    • 3
  • Güven Görk
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Environmental StudiesEge UniversityBornova-IzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Biology DepartmentEge UniversityBornova-IzmirTurkey
  3. 3.Biology DepartmentMugla UniversityMuglaTurkey

Personalised recommendations