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Metallomesogens

  • Bertrand Donnio
  • Duncan W. Bruce
Chapter
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 95)

Abstract

Metallomesogens are metal complexes which exhibit liquid-crystalline properties, forming the same type of mesophases as found in purely organic materials. Indeed, nematic, smectic and columnar mesophases have all been observed, as well as, in a few cases, the more elusive cubic mesophases. The complexes may have a covalent (neutral) or an ionic character, and a large number of low molar mass thermotropic metallomesogens have been described as well as, to a lesser extent, examples of lyotropic complexes. Furthermore, in the last few years, increased attention has also been devoted to the study of metallomesogenic polymers [1], with main-chain, side-chain, and cross linked examples having been obtained. Metallomesogens are becoming a very important class of mesogenic materials, as new properties may be expected on the introduction of metals into a liquid-crystalline material. In addition, they offer wider possibilities for structural variations than simple organic materials as, for example, several types of coordination geometry can be envisaged through the metal and by the use of polydentate ligands. This may in turn lead to new mesophases or new types of molecular organisations, which could eventually form the basis for new effects and devices.

Keywords

Metallomesogens liquid crystals inorganic chemistry mesomorphism 

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bertrand Donnio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Duncan W. Bruce
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Makromolekulare ChemieAlbert-Lūdwigs UniversitätFreiburg
  2. 2.Germany and School of ChemistryUniversity of ExeterExeterUK

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