Presenting multimedia on the web and in TV broadcast

  • Warner ten Kate
  • Dick Bulterman
  • Patrick Deunhouwer
  • Lynda Hardman
  • Lloyd Rutledge
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1425)


This paper investigates the main issues related to the translation of SMIL into MHEG-5 documents. This is driven by the more general objective to achieve interoperability between the domains of Web and digital-TV, where MHEG-5 is used in the digital-TV environment and SMIL is the Web format to specify interactive synchronized multimedia presentations.

A summary of both formats is presented, on the basis of which it is shown how SMIL translates into MHEG-5. Although the formats have differences, such translation appears to be feasible. Aspects of authoring for both domains and other interoperability issues are discussed.


multimedia languages conversion MHEG SMIL WWW TV 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    ISO/IEC International Standard IS 13522-5 (MHEG), Information Technology — Coding of Multimedia and Hypermedia Information, Part 5: Support for Base-level Interactive Applications, November 1996.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Digital Audio Visual Council, DAVIC 1.x specifications,, 1995, 1996, 1997.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W3C Working Group on Synchronized Multimedia (SYMM), Audio, Video, and Synchronized Multimedia, Scholar
  4. 4.
    W3C Working Draft 2-February-98, Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL),, February 1998.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    See the overview at, Synchronized Multimedia WG Briefing Package, Scholar
  6. 6.
    IETF Internet Draft, Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP),, February 1998.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    RFC 1889, Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP),, January 1996.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    ISO/IEC International Standard IS 13818-6 (DSM-CC), Information Technology — Generic Coding of Moving Pictures and Associated Audio Information, Part 6: Extensions for Digital Storage Media Command and Control, July 1996.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ISO/IEC International Standard IS 13818-1 (MPEG-2), Information Technology — Generic Coding of Moving Pictures and Associated Audio Information, Part 1: Systems, 1996.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Joseph and J. Rosengren, MHEG-5: An Overview,, December 1995.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Rumbaugh, M. Blaha, W. Premerlani, F. Eddy, W. Lorensen, Object-Oriented Modeling and Design, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1991.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    W3C Recommendation, Extensible Markup Language (XML),, 1998.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W3C Working Draft, Positioning HTML Elements with Cascading Style Sheets,, 1997.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ISO/IEC International Standard IS 8824-1 (ASN.1), Information technology — Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1), Specification of basic notation, 1995.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    ISO/IEC International Standard IS 8825-1 (DER), Information technology — ASN.1 encoding rules, Specification of Basic Encoding Rules (BER), Canonical Encoding Rules (CER) and Distinguished Encoding Rules (DER), 1995.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    D.C.A. Bulterman, G. van Rossum and R. van Liere, A Structure for Transportable, Dynamic Multimedia Documents, Proc. Summer 1991 USENIX Conf., Nashville, TN, 137–155.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    L. Rutledge, J. van Ossenbruggen, L. Hardman and D.C.A. Bulterman, Practical Application of Existing Hypermedia Standards and Tools, Proc. Digital Libraries, 1998.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    ISO/IEC International Standard IS 10179 (DSSSL), Document Style Semantics and Specification Language, Specification available at: Scholar
  19. 19.
    W.R.Th. ten Kate, A.F. Schoenmakers, N. de Jong, H. Charman, P. Matthews, trigg&link — A New Dimension in Television Program Making, ECMAST, Milan, May 1997, Lect. Notes Comp. Sci. 1242, Springer (1997) 51–65.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Hardman, D.C.A. Bulterman and G. van Rossum, The Amsterdam Hypermedia Model: Adding Time and Context to the Dexter Model, Comm. ACM 37 (1994) 50–62.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Warner ten Kate
    • 1
  • Dick Bulterman
    • 2
  • Patrick Deunhouwer
    • 1
  • Lynda Hardman
    • 2
  • Lloyd Rutledge
    • 2
  1. 1.Philips Research LaboratoriesAA EindhovenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.CWI, Centrum voor Wiskunde en InformaticaResearch Institute for Mathematics and Computer ScienceSJ AmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations