Disconcepts and fuzzy cognitive maps
Formal reasoning involves establishment of causal relationships between concepts and a process of chaining through them. Cognitive maps and Fuzzy Cognitive Maps have been proposed as formalisms. In this paper we examine Fuzzy Cognitive Maps with Concepts as nodes and bivalent outputs, and point out inadequacies of such formalism. We propose the introduction of Disconcepts to meet this situation. We demonstrate the strength of resulting formalism by examples.
KeywordsTemporal associative memory concept disconcept neural networks
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- B. Kosko. Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, International Journal of Man Machine Studies, vol. 24, pp. 65–75, 1986.Google Scholar
- B. Kosko. Hidden Patterns in Combined and Adaptive Knowledge networks. International Journal ofApproximate Reasoning, Vol, 2, pp. 337–393, 1988.Google Scholar
- R. Axelrod. Structure of Decision, Princeton Uiversity Press, USA, 1976.Google Scholar
- R. Taber. Fuzzy Cognitive Maps Model Social Systems, AI Expert, vol. 9, No. 7, pp. 18–23, 1994.Google Scholar
- K. C. Lee, S. C. Chu, and H.S. Kim. Fuzzy Cognitive Map-Based Knowledge Acquisition Algorithm: Application to Stock Investment Analysis, Proceeding of the 1st International Conference on POM/MIS, 1993.Google Scholar
- J. A. Dickerson and B. Kosko. Virtual Worlds as Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, Presence, vol. 3, No. 2, MIT Press, pp. 173–189, 1994.Google Scholar
- B. Kosko. Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems: A Dynamical System Approach to Machine Intelligence, Prentice-Hall, 1992.Google Scholar
- Zhang W., Chen S., Wang W., and King, R. S. A Cognitive-Map-Based Approach to the Coordination of Distributed Cooperative Agents, IEEE Transaction on System, Man, And Cybernetics, Vol 22, No. 1, pp. 31–39, 1992.Google Scholar
- M. Bougon, K. Weick, D. Binkhorst. Cognition in Organisation: An Analysis of the Utrecht Jazz Orchestra, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 22, pp. 606–639, 1977.Google Scholar
- R. I. Hall. The Natural Logic of Management Policy Making: Its Implication for the Survival of an Organisation. Management Science, vol. 30, pp. 905–937, 1984.Google Scholar