Reconstruction of 3D solid model from three orthographic views — Top-down approach

  • Ken Tomiyama
  • Ken'ichi Nakaniwa
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1072)


A method of reconstructing 3D solids from three orthographic views is presented here. The method utilizes a “top-down” approach where a series of intermediate 3D solids that contain the target object are constructed and carved into the target object. Consequently, operations must be in 3D and are mostly subtraction operations. Three views of the intermediate 3D solids are generated and compared with the original three views to determine the needed sequence of 3D operations. This provides a natural feedback mechanism to the proposed method. The method was applied to forty five samples with twenty one successes and four near successes. Discussions include subjects for further improvements.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Agui, T., Y. Mesaki, and M. Nakajima 1989. “A study of Reconstructing 3-D Objects from Orthographic Views,” Proc. Ann. Spring Mtng. Soc. Elec. Info, and Comm., D-515, 6–235.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen, Z., and D.B. Perng 1988. “Automatic Reconstruction of 3D Solid Objects from 3D Orthographic Views,” Pattern Recognition, 21, 5, 439–449.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chiyokura, H. 1988. Solid Modelling with DESIGNBASE: Theory and Implementation, Addison-Wesley, Mass.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dori, D., and A. Bruchstein 1995. Shape, Structure and Pattern Recognition, World Scientific.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Idesawa, M. 1986. “3D Model Reconstruction and Processing for CAE,” Proc. 8th Int. Conf. Pattern Recog., 220–225.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kitajima, K., and M. Tasaka 1992. “A Method to Reconstruct a CSG Solid Model from a Set of Orthographic Three Views,” Trans. Soc. Elec. Info. and Comm., J75-D-II, 9, 1526–1538.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lysak, D.B. Jr., and R. Kasturi 1991. “Interpretation of Engineering Drawings of Polyhedral and non-polyhedral Objects,” ICDAR, 79–87.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    O'Gorman, L., and R. Kasturi 1995. Document Image Analysis, IEEE Computer Society Press.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ota, J., T. Koezuka, H. Arita, T. Nakamura, and K. Tomiyama 1991. “Automatic Recognition of Mechanical Engineering Drawings,” Proc. Int. Conf. Ind. Elec. Control and Instrum., Kobe, Japan, 1264–1269.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ota, J., T. Koezuka, H. Arita, T. Nakamura and K. Tomiyama 1994. “Automatic Conversion of Mechanical Engineering Drawings to CAD Data,” J. Japan Soc. Precision Engr., 60, 4, 524–529.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Senda, T. 1990. “Reconstruction of Solid from a Set of the Orthographical Three Views — Applications to Many Polyhedral Solids-,” J. Info. Proc. Soc. Japan, 31, 9, 1312–1320.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shibamiya, T., K. Tomiyama, K. Nakaniwa, T. Yokota, Y. Koezuka and N. Moriuchi 1993. “Automatic Reconstruction of 3D Solid Model from Three Orthographic Views,” Info. Proc. Soc. Japan, CG-63, 91–98.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tomiyama, K., and T. Nakamura 1992. “Auxiliary Lines in Three View Drawings for 3D Shape Reconstruction Using CSG Method,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Systems Engr., 250–256.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yokoyama, M., and K. Satoh 1993. “Computer Processing of Machine Drawings,” Graphics and CAD, 63, 10,67–73.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yoshiura, H., K. Fujimura and T.L. Kunii 1984. “Top-Down Construction of 3-D Mechanical Object Shapes from Engineering Drawings,” IEEE Computer, 17,12, 32–40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ken Tomiyama
    • 1
  • Ken'ichi Nakaniwa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAoyama Gakuin UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations