Advertisement

Organization models for cooperative office applications

  • Walter Rupietta
Cooperative Office Applications
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 856)

Abstract

Regulated communication and cooperation between members of an enterprise relies on organization structures of the enterprise. This is explained in the introduction implying that an organization model is necessary for realizing application systems to support this type of cooperative work. The main part of this paper describes the Organization and Resources Management system ORM which makes it possible to build organization models and use them in application systems. As an example, the use of ORM in a workflow management system is described. ORM stores its models in a relational database with an SQL interface and implements a set of automatic inheritance rules for authority assignments to organizational entities. These rules follow common organizational practice. Problems of implementing these features with a relational database are discussed. Finally, directions for future developments and exploration areas are suggested.

Keywords

Organization model workflow management organization-directed access control synchronization of heterogeneous databases 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature

  1. Custer, H.: Inside Windows NT. Microsoft Press, Redmond, WA, 1993.Google Scholar
  2. Dzida, W.: Das IFIP-Modell für Benutzerschnittstellen. Office Management, 31. Jahrgang, Sonderheft 1983, p. 6–8.Google Scholar
  3. Ellis, C.A.: Formal and Informal Models of Office Activity. In: Mason, R.E.A. (ed.): Information Processing 83, Elsevier Science Publishers (North Holland), 1983, p. 11–22.Google Scholar
  4. Esswein, W.: Das Rollenmodell der Organisation: Die Berücksichtigung aufbauorganisatorischer Regelungen in Unternehmensmodellen. Wirtschaftsinformatik 35 (1993) 6, p. 551–561.Google Scholar
  5. Haugeneder, H.; Steiner, D.: Cooperation Structures in Multi-Agent Systems. In: Brauer, W.; Hernandez, D. (eds.): Wissensbasierte Systeme — Verteilte künstliche Intelligenz. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1991, p. 160–171.Google Scholar
  6. Hsiao, D.K.; Kamel, M.W.; Wu, C.T.: The Federated Databases and System: A new Generation of Advanced Database Systems. In: Tjoa, A.M.; Wagner, R. (eds.): Database and Expert Systems Applications. Springer Verlag, Wien, 1990, p. 186–190.Google Scholar
  7. Ishii, H.; Kubota, K.: Office Procedure Knowledge Base for Organization Office Work Support. In: Office Information Systems: The Design Process. Working Conference, IFIP WG 8.4, August 15–17, 1988, Linz, Austria, p. 40–57.Google Scholar
  8. Karbe, B.: Flexible Vorgangssteuerung mit ProMinanD. In: Hasenkamp, U.; Kirn, S.; Syring, M. (Eds.): CSCW — Computer Supported Cooperative Work. Addison-Wesley, Bonn, 1994, p. 117–133.Google Scholar
  9. Microsoft Corporation: Microsoft Windows Kompendium. 1992.Google Scholar
  10. Pagé, P.: Architekturen für Anwendungslösungen: Offen nach allen Seiten. Business Computing 1/94, p. 60–63.Google Scholar
  11. Prinz, W.: TOSCA — Organisationswissen für CSCW-Anwendungen. In: Hasenkamp, U.; Kirn, S.; Syring, M. (Eds.): CSCW — Computer Supported Cooperative Work. Addison-Wesley, Bonn, 1994, 161–177.Google Scholar
  12. Rupietta, W.: An Organization & Resources Model for Adapting Office Systems to Organization Structures. In: Tjoa, A.M.; Wagner, R. (eds.): Database and Expert Systems Applications. Springer Verlag, Wien, 1990, p. 346–350.Google Scholar
  13. Rupietta, W.: Organisationsmodellierung zur Unterstützung kooperativer Vorgangsbearbeitung. Wirtschaftsinformatik 34 (1992) 1, p. 26–37.Google Scholar
  14. Rupietta, W.; Wernke, G.: Umsetzung organisatorischer Regelungen in der Vorgangsbearbeitung mit WorkParty und ORM. In: Hasenkamp, U.; Kirn, S.; Syring, M. (Eds.): CSCW — Computer Supported Cooperative Work. Addison-Wesley, Bonn, 1994, p. 135–154.Google Scholar
  15. Scheer, A.-W.: Modellierung betriebswirtschaftlicher Informationssysteme. Wirtschaftsinformatik 32 (1990) 5, p 403–421.Google Scholar
  16. Schmalz, H.: Anforderungen an Organisationswissensbasen als Grundlage von Systemen zur Unterstützung arbeitsteiliger Prozesse. Diploma Thesis, University of Marburg, 1991.Google Scholar
  17. Weikum, G.: Transaktionen in Datenbanksystemen. Fehlertolerante Steuerung paralleler Abläufe. Addison-Wesley, Bonn, Reading, MA, 1988.Google Scholar
  18. Winograd, T.: Where the Action is. Byte, December 1988, p. 256A–258.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Rupietta
    • 1
  1. 1.Siemens Nixdorf Informationssysteme AGPaderborn

Personalised recommendations