Advertisement

Deriving the functional requirements for a concept sketching device: a case study

  • Raghu Kolli
  • Jim Hennessey
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 733)

Abstract

Paper-and-pencil still remains the favourite tool for designers, especially in the initial ideation phase. Computer-based tools are not considered suitable for this phase because of their lack of intuitivity. We are attempting to develop a new sketching tool based on an understanding of the traditional work practices of designers. This paper presents our understanding of sketching practices in industrial design domain and describes how we derived the functional requirements for a new sketching device using the contextual inquiry method.

Keywords

sketching conceptual design user interface industrial design CAD contextual inquiry 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Athavankar, U.A., Rediscovering the Act of Sketching: Implications of its Support to the Creative Thought Process, Design Researche, September, 1992, 45–60.Google Scholar
  2. Baran, N., Rough Gems: First Pen Systems Show Promise, Lack Refinement, Byte, April, 1992, 212–222.Google Scholar
  3. Bortman, H., Personal Communicators, MacUser, February, 1993,249–252.Google Scholar
  4. Brink, T. and Gomez, L.M., A Collaborative Medium for the Support of Conversational Props. In CSCW'92 Proceedings, ACM, 1992, 171–178.Google Scholar
  5. Brocklehurst, E.R., The NPL Electronic Paper Project, International Journal of Man Machine Studies, 34, 1, 1991, 69–95.Google Scholar
  6. Dohmen, M., Shape Modification Using Simulated Gestures, Internal Report, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, 1992.Google Scholar
  7. Emmett, A., Guardians of Style, Computer Graphics World, June 1991, 30–40.Google Scholar
  8. Fish, J. and Scrivener, S., Amplifying the Mind's Eye: Sketching and Visual Cognition, Leonardo, 23, 1, 1990, 117–126.Google Scholar
  9. Goldschmidt, G., Visual Clues; Tacit Information Processing via Sketching, In Proceedings of 3rd International Symposium on Systems Research, Information and Cybernetics, Baden-Baden, 1991.Google Scholar
  10. Hennessey, J.M., The IDEATE Project: Exploring Computer Enhancements for Conceptualizing, In Automation Based Creative Design, White, T. and Tzonis, A.(Eds.), Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1992 [In Press].Google Scholar
  11. Hwang, T.S. and Ullman, D.G., The Design Capture System: Capturing Back-of-the-envelope Sketches, Journal of Engineering Design, 1, 4, 1990, 339–353.Google Scholar
  12. Ishii, H., Kobayashi, M. and Grudin, J., Integration of Inter-personal Space and Shared Workspace: ClearBoard Design and Experiments, In CSCW Proceedings, ACM, 1992, 33–42.Google Scholar
  13. Kolli, R., Pasman, G. and Hennessey, J.M., Some Considerations for Designing a User Environment for Creative Ideation, In Proceedings of INTERFACE'93, The Human Factors & Ergonomics Society, Santa Monica, 1993, 72–77.Google Scholar
  14. Lakin, F., Wambaugh, J., Leifer, L., Cannon, D. and Sivard, C., The Electronic Design Notebook: Performing Medium and Processing Medium, The Visual Computer, 5, 1989, 214–226.Google Scholar
  15. Linderholm, O., Apiki, S. and Nadeau, M., The PC Gets More Personal, Byte, July 1992. 128–138.Google Scholar
  16. Radcliffe, D.F. and Lee, T. Y, Models of Visual Thinking by Novice Designers, In Proceedings of Design Theory and Methodology'90, ASME, September, 1990, 145–152.Google Scholar
  17. Roberts, A., Sachs, E. and Stoops D., 3-Draw: A Three Dimensional Computer-aided Design Tool, In Computers in Engineering, Proceedings of the ASME International Computers in Engineering, ASME, 1990, New York, 299–307.Google Scholar
  18. Rosenthal, L., Can You Sketch on a Computer, Industrial Design, January–February, 1993,82.Google Scholar
  19. Schenk, P., The Role of Drawing in the Graphic Design Process, Design Studies, 12, 3, July 1991, 168–181.Google Scholar
  20. Scrivener, S.A.R. and Clark, S.M., How Interaction with Sketches Aids Creative Design, in Proceedings of the International State-of-the-Art Conference, Interacting with Images, National Gallery, London, 10–11 February, 1993.Google Scholar
  21. Tovey, M., Drawing and CAD in Industrial Design, Design Studies, 10, 1, January 1989, 24–39.Google Scholar
  22. Ullman, D.G., Wood, S., and Craig, D., The Importance of Drawing in the Mechanical Design Process, Computer & Graphics, 14, 2, 1990, 263–274.Google Scholar
  23. Van Dijk, C.G.C. and Mayer, A.A.C., Sketch Input for Conceptual Surface Design, submitted to Computer Aided Design Journal, 1992.Google Scholar
  24. Weiser, M., The Computer for the 21st Century, Scientific American September, 1991, 66–75.Google Scholar
  25. Wixon, D., Holtzblatt, K. and Knox, S., Contextual Design: An Emergent View of System Design, In Proceedings of CHI'90, ACM, 1990, 329–336.Google Scholar
  26. Wolf, C.G. and Rhyne, J.R., Communication and Information Retrieval with a Pen-based Meeting Support Tool, In CSCW'92 Proceedings, ACM, 1992, 322–329.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raghu Kolli
    • 1
  • Jim Hennessey
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Industrial Design EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyBX DelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations