Advertisement

Locating the primary attention focus of the user

  • Matthias Rauterberg
  • Christian Cachin
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 733)

Abstract

First, a signal detection experiment was carried out to estimate the maximal distance between the primary attention focus of users and the screen position of visual feedback (e.g. messages). The results indicate that the maximal distance between the primary attention focus and the position of visual feedback should not exceed 3. Second, to pinpoint the location of the primary attention focus we carried out an eye movement recording experiment. The results indicate that if the task solving process requires mouse operations and the visual feedback of the results of these mouse operations appears close to the mouse cursor, then the visual focus and the mouse cursor position on the screen are highly correlated: between 76% and 95% correspondence.

Keywords

primary attention focus visual focus mouse control visual feedback user interface design 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Burroughs Corporation: InterPro (TM) user interface standards, Version E (March 20, 1986).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    DIN 66 234, Teil 3: Bildschirmarbeitsplätze — Gruppierung und Formatierung von Daten. Beuth Verlag GmbH, Berlin 30, 1981.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    J. P. Egan, F. R. Clarke: Psychophysics and Signal Detection. in: Experimental Methods and Instrumentation in Psychology, J. B. Sidowski, Ed., New York: McGraw Hill, 1966, pp. 211–246.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    P. Foley, N. Moray: Sensation, perception, and systems design. in: Handbook of Human Factors, G. Salvendy, ed., New York: John Wiley, 1987, 45–71.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    R. Groner, P. Fraisse, Eds., Cognition and Eye Movements. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1980.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    R. Groner, G. d'Ydewalle, R. Parham (Eds.): From Eye to Mind: Information Acquisition in Perception, Search, and Reading. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1990.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    W. Lee: Decision Theory and Human Behavior. New York: Wiley & Sons, 1971.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    OSF/Motif Style Guide: Open Software Foundation. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, Revision 1.1, 1991, p. 4/44.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    M. J. Staufer: Piktogramme für Computer. New York: de Gruyter, 1987.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    R. Teitelbaum, R. Granda: The effects of positional constancy on searching menus for information. in: Human Factors in Computing Systems, Proceedings of the CHI'83 Conference, A. Janda, Ed., New York: ACM, 1984, pp. 150–153.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    T. Tullis: The formatting of alphanumeric displays: a review. Human Factors 25, 12 (December 1981), 657–682.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Rauterberg
    • 1
  • Christian Cachin
    • 1
  1. 1.Work and Organisational Psychology UnitSwiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH)Zurich

Personalised recommendations