Advertisement

Developing co-operating legal knowledge based systems

  • George Vossos
  • John Zeleznikow
  • Daniel Hunter
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 728)

Abstract

In attempting to build intelligent litigation support tools, we have moved beyond first generation, production rule legal expert systems. Our work supplements rule-based reasoning with case based reasoning and intelligent information retrieval. This research, specifies an approach to the case based retrieval problem which relies heavily on an extended object-oriented / rule-based system architecture that is supplemented with causal background information. Machine learning techniques and a distributed agent architecture are used to help simulate the reasoning process of lawyers. In this paper, we outline our implementation of the hybrid IKBALS II Rule Based Reasoning / Case Based Reasoning system. It makes extensive use of an automated case representation editor and background information.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ashley, K.D., and Rissland, E.L., 1988, ‘A Case-Based Approach to Modelling Expertise', in IEEE Expert, Fall 1988, pp 70–77Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brodie, M., ‘The Promise of Distributed Computing and the Challenge of Legacy Information Systems', in Hsiao, D., Neuhold, E.J. & Sacks-Davis, R. (eds.) DS-5 Semantics of Interoperable Database Systems, Lorne, Victoria, Australia, November 1992, pp. 1–32; to be published by Elsevier in February 1993Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Croft, W.B., Smith, L.A. & Turtle H.W., ‘A Loosely Coupled Integration of a Text retrieval System and an Object-Oriented Database System', SIGIR92, pp. 223–232, ACM Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Papazoglou, M.P. and Zeleznikow, J.(eds), 1992, The Next Generation of Information Systems: From Data to Knowledge, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 611, Springer Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rissland, E.L. and Skalak, D.B., 1991, ‘CABARET: Rule Interpretation in a Hybrid Architecture', International Journal of Man Machine Studies, 34(6) 1991, pp. 839Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Smith,J.C., & Deedman,C., 1987, ‘The Application of Expert Systems Technology to Case-Based Law', Proceedings of the First International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, ACM Press, pp 84–93.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Walker, R. F., ‘An Expert System Architecture for Heterogeneous Domains: a case study in the legal field', PhD thesis, Department of Computer Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1992.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Walker, R.F., Oskamp, A., Schrickx, J.A., Opdorp, G.J., Berg, P.H. van den, 1991, ‘PROLEXS: Creating Law and Order in a Heterogeneous Domain', International Journal of Man Machine Studies 35(1), pp. 35–68.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vossos, G., ‘Multi — modal reasoning in legal knowledge based systems', PhD thesis La Trobe University, 1993.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vossos, G., Dillon, T., Zeleznikow, J. and Taylor, G., 1991, ‘The Use of Object Oriented Principles to Develop Intelligent Legal Reasoning Systems', Australian Computer Journal, Vol. 23, No. 1, February, pp 2–10.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vossos, G., Zeleznikow, J. & Moore, A., 1993, ‘The Credit Act Advisory System (CAAS): Conversion From an Expert System Prototype to a C++ Commercial System', to appear in Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, Amsterdam, June 16–18 1993.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zeleznikow, J., Vossos, G. and Hunter, D., ‘The IKBALS Project: Multi-modal reasoning in Legal Knowledge Based Systems', submitted to Artificial Intelligence and Law Journal.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Vossos
    • 1
  • John Zeleznikow
    • 1
  • Daniel Hunter
    • 2
  1. 1.Database Research Laboratory, Applied Computing Research InstituteLa Trobe UniversityBundooraAustralia
  2. 2.Law SchoolUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

Personalised recommendations