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Structure and properties of ferroelectric copolymers of poly(vinylidene fluoride)

  • F. J. Baltá Calleja
  • A. González Arche
  • T. A. Ezquerra
  • C. Santa Cruz
  • F. Batallán
  • B. Frick
  • E. López Cabarcos
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 108)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to review the main structural features and properties which are related to the ferroelectric behavior of copolymers of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVF2). These are illustrated by describing the conformation, polymorphism and morphology of PVF2 and its copolymers. Copolymers of PVF2 and trifluoroethylene have special interest because of their prominent ferroelectric behavior as well as strong piezo- and pyroelectric activity. The review covers the study of the influence of molar composition on structure and the temperature induced ferroelectric to paraelectric phase changes. Advances and problems in X-ray diffraction results relating to changes in the long period, size of coherently diffracting domains and lattice spacings with temperature are discussed. A microstructural model to explain the transformation of paraelectric into ferroelectric crystals when cooling through the transition temperature is presented. Special attention is paid to the influence which the changes in structure exert upon mechanical properties. The dependence of polarization upon copolymer composition and temperature is analyzed. Dielectric spectroscopy is shown to be of great interest in showing transitions connected with reorientation of permanent dipoles. Finally, new results on molecular dynamics of these ferroelectric copolymers derived from incoherent neutron scattering are reported.

Keywords

Dipole Moment Curie Temperature Ferroelectric Phase Vinylidene Fluoride Copolymer Composition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. J. Baltá Calleja
    • 1
  • A. González Arche
    • 2
  • T. A. Ezquerra
    • 1
  • C. Santa Cruz
    • 1
  • F. Batallán
    • 3
  • B. Frick
    • 4
  • E. López Cabarcos
    • 5
  1. 1.Instituto de Estructura de la MateriaCSICMadridSpain
  2. 2.EUIT, Univ, Politécnica MadridSpain
  3. 3.Inst. de Ciencia de Materiales CSICMadrid
  4. 4.ILLGrenoble
  5. 5.Fac. FarmaciaUniv. Complutense MadridSpain

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