Form, frequency, markedness and strategies in second language performance modelling

  • Greg Lessard
  • Michael Levison
  • Eugene Girard
  • Daniel Maher
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 608)


Recent research has brought to light a range of factors which underly native language performance phenomena, including formal similarity or difference, linearity and proximity factors, frequency judgements, the availability of unmarked forms, and general cognitive strategies. On the basis of a substantial (70,000 word) machine-readable corpus of second-language written productions by anglophone learners of French, it is shown that such factors can make a substantial contribution to the modelling of second-language learner errors. Detailed examples are discussed in the areas of spelling errors, gender assignment, and gender and number agreement. The tendencies isolated on the basis of the corpus data are then modelled using a natural-language generation environment.


Noun Phrase Performance Error Lexical Item Spelling Error Frequency Judgement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Greg Lessard
    • 1
  • Michael Levison
    • 1
  • Eugene Girard
    • 1
  • Daniel Maher
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of French Studies and Computing and Information ScienceQueen's UniversityKingstonCanada

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