Standardized architecture for integrated open courseware

  • Omar ElHani
  • Guy Gouardères
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 602)


In recent years, hypermedia has been grown in interest in Advanced Research on learning. Furthermore the extension of hypermedia toward intelligent hypermedia becomes more than obvious, to meet perfectly specific requirements of learning, such as the learner modelling, diagnosing and guiding the learner in his investigation. Independently of any existing systems, this paper specifies a layered conceptual architecture, based on integrating Hypermedia Systems and Intelligent Knowledge Based Systems skills, for courseware purpose. This architecture may apply for a wide range of Computer Assisted Learning courseware (CAL) as well as for Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS).

As far as the knowledge representation is crucial for this architecture, two formalisms are chosen because of their complementarity. The object formalism is chosen to represent static and predefinned knowledge, whereas the rule formalism applied for modelling dynamic knowledge and reasonning processes either in the framework of the domain knowledge, the learner modelling or teaching stratégies expertises. To foster interoperability in an open and distant learning, an interchange format fitting to this architecture, making use of existing and forthcoming standards in the area of multimedia, is manipulated for exchange between different production or learning platforms.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [Barden, 89]
    R. Barden. Using Hypertext in building Intelligent Training Systems. Interactive Learning International, Vol. 5, pp. 109–115. 1989.Google Scholar
  2. [Boyle, Snell, 89]
    C. Boyle and J. Snell. Knowledge Based Navigation under hypertext. Hypertext II, York, West Yorkshire, UK. June 89.Google Scholar
  3. [Canut, 90]
    M.F. Canut. Spécification formelle de systèmes d'enseignement intelligemment assisté par ordinateur pour l'Atelier de Génie Didacticiel Intégré. Doctorat de l'Université Paul Sabatier, laboratoire A.P.I, Toulouse III, Juin 1990.Google Scholar
  4. [Kibby, Mayes, 90]
    M.R. Kibby, J.T. Mayes. The learner's view of hypermedia. Learning Technology in the European communities. DELTA Conference, pp.53-63 October 1990. Kluwer Academic publishers.Google Scholar
  5. [Knaus, Jay, 90]
    R. Knaus, C. Jay. Transporting Knowledge Bases: a Standard. AI Expert, pp. 34–39, November 1990.Google Scholar
  6. [LEAST 3.1]
    DELTA LEAST, deliverable no. 11. Representation of basic information. 1990Google Scholar
  7. [LEAST 3.2]
    DELTA LEAST, deliverable no. 12. User interfaces. 1990Google Scholar
  8. [LEAST 4.4]
    DELTA LEAST, deliverables n∘ 22 and 23. Courseware representation. 1991Google Scholar
  9. [MHEG]
    Multimedia and Hypermedia information coding Expert Group. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG12. Information processing — coded representation of multimedia and hypermedia information objects. Working document <S.4> draft version, September 1991.Google Scholar
  10. [Nicolson, 89]
    R. I Nicolson. Toward the third generation: the case for Intelligent Knowledge Based Hypermedia. Hypertext II, York, West Yorkshire, UK. June 1989.Google Scholar
  11. [Rhéaume, 91]
    J. Rhéaume. Hypermédia et stratégies pédagogiques. Premières journées Hypermédia et Apprentissages. Paris 1991.Google Scholar
  12. [Wenger, 87]
    E. Wenger. Artificial Intelligence and Tutoring Systems: Computational and Cognitive Approaches to the Communication of Knowledge. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc. Los Altos, California.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omar ElHani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guy Gouardères
    • 2
  1. 1.BULL SAMassyFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire A.P.I., IUT “A”Université Toulouse IIIToulouseFrance

Personalised recommendations