Courseware development by topdown conceptual analysis
This paper describes the methods and techniques used to design and develop the courseware called INTRODUCTORY NEW MATHEMATICS FOR PARENTS & CHILDREN, using authoring systems like SCENARIO which has been used by teachers in Quebec and the US to produce courseware with little help from programmers.
The methods and techniques that have been used are called Topdown Conceptual Analysis (TCA) which takes most of the guesswork out of the design of knowledge-based systems. Given a list of specifications of objectives and a description of the target population, different groups of people who are trained in TCA, and working independently, should be able to generate — without involuntary omissions or repetitions — equivalent knowledge bases to build a system.
Key wordsTopdown Conceptual Analysis Conceptual Structure Subordinate Concepts Coordinate Concepts Supra-ordinate Concepts Generalization Discrimination & Chains
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
10. References & Bibliography
- 1.Ausubel, D.P. (1960). The Use of Advance Organizers in the Learning of Meaningful Verbal Material. Journal of Educational Psychology, 1960, 51, pp. 267–72.Google Scholar
- 2.Descartes, René (1637). Discourse on the Methods. London: Nelson's University Paperbacks.Google Scholar
- 3.Gagné, Robert (1985). Conditions of Learning. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
- 4.Le Xuan & Chassain (1975). Analyse Comportementale. Paris: Nathan.Google Scholar
- 5.(1985). Topdown Conceptual Analysis. Montreal: Pedagogical & Technological Innovations.Google Scholar
- 6.Martin, James & Oxman, Steven (1988). Building Expert Systems. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- 7.Schoen, Sy & Sykes, Wendell (1987). Putting Artificial Intelligence to Work. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
- 8.Skemp, R.R. (1971). The Psychology of Learning Mathematics. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- 9.Walters, R. & Nielson, Norman R. (1988). Crafting Knowledge-Based Systems. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar