Illustrated Book Study: Digital Conversion Requirements of Printed Illustrations
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- Kenney A.R., Sharpe L.H., Berger B. (1998) Illustrated Book Study: Digital Conversion Requirements of Printed Illustrations. In: Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. ECDL 1998. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 1513. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Cornell University Department of Preservation and Conservation and Picture Elements, Incorporated have undertaken a joint study for the Library of Congress to determine the best means for digitizing the vast array of illustrations used in 19th and early 20th century publications. This work builds on two previous studies. A Cornell study  characterized a given illustration type based upon its essence, detail, and structure. A Picture Elements study  created guidelines for deciding how a given physical content region type should be captured as an electronic content type. Using those procedures, appropriate mappings of different physical content regions (representing instances of different illustration processes) to electronic content types are being created. These mappings differ based on the illustration type and on the need to preserve information at the essence, detail, or structure level. Example pages that are typical of early commercial illustrations have been identified, characterized in terms of the processes used to create them (e.g., engraving, lithograph, halftone) and then scanned at high resolutions in 8-bit grayscale. Digital versions that retain evidence of information at the structure level have been derived from those scans and their fidelity studied alongside the paper originals. Project staff have investigated the available means for automatic detection of illustration content regions and methods for automatically discriminating different illustration process types and for encoding and processing them. A public domain example utility is being created which automatically detects the presence and location of a halftone region in a scan of an illustrated book page and applies special processing to it.
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