Advertisement

Interfacial Phenomena in Thin Polymer Films: Phase Coexistence and Segregation

  • Andrzej Budkowski
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 148)

Abstract

Interfaces formed or exposed by polymer mixtures are often employed in modern technological applications. This is especially true for thin polymer films used nowadays in photoresist lithography, electrooptical devices or nanometer-scale surface patterning. Apart from these technology-oriented aspects the interfacial phenomena in thin polymer films pose a fundamental scientific challenge to physics of polymers and thermodynamics of condensed matter. This work reviews experimental results on the equilibrium properties of interfaces created by polymer mixtures confined in thin films. It confronts experimental data with theoretical expectations based mainly on mean field models. Most of the data have been obtained by high resolution profiling techniques emerged in the last decade. These techniques allow us to trace concentration vs depth profiles across a thin film with a depth resolution better than the characteristic size of a polymer coil. The interfacial phenomena of phase coexistence and segregation are described as observed in thin polymer films. This work also considers related issues in the focus of current research such as wetting phenomena, finite size effects expected in very thin films, surface (and bulk) properties of mixtures with stiffness disparity and conformational properties of end-segregated macromolecules forming polymer brushes.

Keywords

Diblock Copolymer Small Angle Neutron Scattering Surface Segregation Phase Coexistence Interfacial Phenomenon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Sanchez IC (1983) Ann Rev Mater Sci 13:387Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    de Gennes PG (1979) Scaling concepts in polymer physics. Cornell University, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  3. 5.
    Strobl G ( 1996) The physics of polymers. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 6.
    Binder K (1999) Adv Polymer Sci 138:1Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Binder K (1995) Acta Polymer 46:204Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    de Gennes PG (1985) Rev Modern Phys 57:827Google Scholar
  7. 9.
    Koningsveld R, Kleintjens LA, Nies E (1987) Croatica Chemica Acta 60:53Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    Bates FS (1991) Science 251:898Google Scholar
  9. 11.
    Helfand E, Sapse AM (1975) J Chem Phys 62:1327Google Scholar
  10. 12.
    Klein J (1990) Science 250:640Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    de Gennes PG (1983) Physics Today 36:33Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    Steiner U, Klein J, Eiser E, Budkowski A, Fetters LJ (1992) Science 258:1126Google Scholar
  13. 15.
    Schmidt I, Binder K (1985) J Physique 46:1631Google Scholar
  14. 16.
    Budkowski A, Scheffold F, Klein J, Fetters LJ (1997) J Chem Phys 106:719Google Scholar
  15. 17.
    Krausch G (1995) Material Sci Eng R14:1Google Scholar
  16. 18.
    Budkowski A (1997) Metals Alloys Technologies 31:587Google Scholar
  17. 19.
    Chaturvedi UK, Steiner U, Zak O, Krausch G, Schatz G, Klein J (1990) Appl Phys Lett 56:1228Google Scholar
  18. 20.
    Payne RS, Clough AS, Murphy P, Mills PJ (1989) Nucl. Instrum. Meth B42:130Google Scholar
  19. 21.
    Kerle T, Scheffold F, Losch A, Steiner U, Schatz G, Klein J (1997) Acta Polymer 48:548Google Scholar
  20. 22.
    Mills PJ, Green PF, Palmstrom CJ, Mayer JW, Kramer EJ ( 1984) Appl Phys Lett 4:957Google Scholar
  21. 23.
    Genzer J, Rothman JB, Composto RJ (1994) Nucl Instrum Meth B 86:345Google Scholar
  22. 24.
    Coulon G, Russell TP, Deline VR, Green PF (1989) Macromolecules 22:2581Google Scholar
  23. 25.
    Withlow SJ, Wool RP (1989) Macromolecules 22:2648Google Scholar
  24. 26.
    Schwarz SA, Wilkens BJ, Pudensi MA, Rafailovich MH, Sokolov J, Zhao X, Zhao W, Zheng X, Russell TP, Jones RAL (1992) Mol Phys 76:937Google Scholar
  25. 27.
    Bernasik A, Rysz J, Budkowski A, Kowalski K, Camra J, Jedlinski J (1997) In:Olefjord I, Nyborg L, Bryggs D (eds) ECASIA ’97, 7th European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis. John Wiley, Chichester, p 775Google Scholar
  26. 28.
    Russell TP (1990) Materials Sci Reports 5:171Google Scholar
  27. 29.
    Kramer EJ (1991) Physica B 174:189Google Scholar
  28. 30.
    Herkt-Maetzky C, Schelten J (1983) Phys Rev Lett 51:896Google Scholar
  29. 31.
    Bates FS, Wignall GD, Koehler WC (1985) Phys Rev Lett 55:2425Google Scholar
  30. 32.
    Sawyer LC, Grubb DT (1987) Polymer Microscopy. Chapman and Hall, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  31. 33.
    Bielefeldt H, Hoersch I, Krausch G, Mlynek J, Marti O (1994) Appl Phys A59:103Google Scholar
  32. 34.
    Thomas EL (1986) Electron Microscopy. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  33. 35.
    Albrecht TR, Dovek MM, Lang CA, Gruetter P, Quate CF, Kuan SNJ, Frank CW, Pease RFW (1988) J Appl Phys 64:1178Google Scholar
  34. 36.
    Flory PJ (1942) J Chem Phys 10:51Google Scholar
  35. 37.
    Huggins ML (1942) J Am Chem Soc 64:1712Google Scholar
  36. 38.
    Flory PJ (1953) Principles of polymer chemistry. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. 39.
    Sariban A, Binder K (1987) J Chem Phys 86:5859Google Scholar
  38. 40.
    Ginzburg VL (1960) Sov Phys Solid State 2:341Google Scholar
  39. 41.
    Schwahn D, Mortensen K, Yee-Madeira Y (1987) Phys Rev Lett 58:896Google Scholar
  40. 42.
    Taylor JK, Debenedetti PG, Graessley WW, Kumar SK (1996) Macromolecules 29:764Google Scholar
  41. 43.
    Bates FS, Muthukumar M, Wignall GD, Fetters LJ (1988) J Chem Phys 89:535Google Scholar
  42. 44.
    Pesci AI, Freed KF (1989) J Chem Phys 90:2017Google Scholar
  43. 45.
    Curro JG, Schweizer KS (1988) J Chem Phys 88:7242Google Scholar
  44. 46.
    Dudowicz I, Freed KF (1990) Macromolecules 23:1519Google Scholar
  45. 47.
    Dudowicz I, Freed KF, Lifschitz M (1994) Macromolecules 27:5387Google Scholar
  46. 48.
    Sanchez IC, Lacombe RH (1978) Macromolecules 11:1145Google Scholar
  47. 49.
    Binder K (1983) J Chem Phys 79:6387Google Scholar
  48. 50.
    Gehlsen MD, Rosedale JH, Bates FS, Wignall GD, Hansen L, Almdal K (1992) Phys Rev Lett 68:2452Google Scholar
  49. 51.
    Deutsch HP, Binder K (1992) Euro Phys Lett 17:697Google Scholar
  50. 52.
    Schweizer KS, Curro JG (1989) J Chem Phys 91:5059Google Scholar
  51. 53.
    Cahn JW, Hilliard JE (1958) J Chem Phys 28:258Google Scholar
  52. 54.
    Landau LD, Lifshitz EJ (1980) Statistical Physics, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  53. 55.
    de Gennes PG (1980) J Chem Phys 72:4756Google Scholar
  54. 56.
    Roe RJ (1986) Macromolecules 19:728Google Scholar
  55. 57.
    Jannik G, de Gennes PG (1986) J Chem Phys 48:2260Google Scholar
  56. 58.
    Tang H, Freed KF (1991) J Chem Phys 94:6307Google Scholar
  57. 59.
    Lifschitz M, Freed KF, Tang H (1995) J Chem Phys 103:3767Google Scholar
  58. 60.
    Flebbe T, Duenweg B, Binder K (1996) J Phys II (France) 6:667Google Scholar
  59. 61.
    Nakanishi H, Pincus P (1983) J Chem Phys 79:997Google Scholar
  60. 62.
    Shibayama M, Yang H, Stein RS, Han CC (1985) Macromolecules 18:2179Google Scholar
  61. 63.
    Sanchez IC (1989) Polymer 30:471Google Scholar
  62. 64.
    Cumming A, Wiltzius P, Bates FS (1990) Phys Rev Lett 65:863Google Scholar
  63. 65.
    Shen S, Torkelson JM (1992) Macromolecules 25:721Google Scholar
  64. 66.
    Huh W, Karasz FE (1992) Macromolecules 25:1057Google Scholar
  65. 67.
    Lohse DJ, Fetters LJ, Daoyle MJ, Wang H-C, Kow C (1993) Macromolecules 26:3444Google Scholar
  66. 68.
    Bates FS, Wignall GD (1986) Phys Rev Lett 57:1429Google Scholar
  67. 69.
    Bates FS, Fetters LJ, Wignall GD (1988) Macromolecules 21:1086Google Scholar
  68. 70.
    Schwahn D, Hahn K, Streib J, Springer T (1990) J Chem Phys 93:8383Google Scholar
  69. 71.
    Nicholson JC, Finerman TM, Crist B (1990) Polymer 31:2287Google Scholar
  70. 72.
    Balsara NP, Fetters LJ, Hadjichristidis N, Lohse DJ, Han CC, Graessley WW, Krishna-moorti R (1992) Macromolecules 25:6137Google Scholar
  71. 73.
    Londono JD, Narten AH, Wignall GD, Honnel KG, Hsieh T, Johnson TW, Bates FS (1994) Macromolecules 27:2864Google Scholar
  72. 74.
    Budkowski AS, Steiner U, Klein J, Schatz G (1992) EuroPhys Lett 18:705Google Scholar
  73. 75.
    Bruder F, Brenn R (1991) Macromolecules 24:5552Google Scholar
  74. 76.
    Chaturvedi UK, Steiner U, Zak O, Krausch G, Klein J (1989) Phys Rev Lett 63:616Google Scholar
  75. 77.
    Bruder F, Brenn R, Stuehn B, Strobl GR (1989) Macromolecules 22:4434Google Scholar
  76. 78.
    Klein J, Briscoe BJ (1975) Nature 257:387Google Scholar
  77. 79.
    Klein J, Briscoe BJ (1979) Proc Roy Soc (London) A 365:53Google Scholar
  78. 80.
    Green PF (1985) PhD Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  79. 81.
    Jones RAL (1987) PhD Thesis, Cambridge UniversityGoogle Scholar
  80. 82.
    Kausch HH, Tirell M (1989) Annu Rev Mater Sci 19:341Google Scholar
  81. 83.
    de Gennes PG (1989) CR Acad Sci Paris, Serie II 308:13Google Scholar
  82. 84.
    Harden JL (1990) J Phys France 51:1777Google Scholar
  83. 85.
    Puri S, Binder K (1991) Phys Rev B 44:9735Google Scholar
  84. 86.
    Wang SQ, Shi Q (1993) Macromolecules 26:1091Google Scholar
  85. 87.
    Brochard F, Jouffroy J, Levinson P (1983) Macromolecules 16:1638Google Scholar
  86. 88.
    Steiner U (1993) PhD Thesis, Konstanz UniversityGoogle Scholar
  87. 89.
    Steiner U, Krausch G, Schatz G, Klein J (1990) Phys Rev Lett 64:1119Google Scholar
  88. 90.
    Crank J (1975) The mathematics of diffusion. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  89. 91.
    Scheffold F, Eiser E, Budkowski A, Steiner U, Klein J, Fetters LJ (1996) J Chem Phys 104:8786Google Scholar
  90. 92.
    Budkowski A, Steiner U, Klein J (1992) J Chem Phys 97:229Google Scholar
  91. 93.
    Parry AO, Evans R (1992) Physica A 181:250Google Scholar
  92. 94.
    Straub W, Bruder F, Brenn R, Krausch G, Bielefeldt H, Kirsch A, Marti O, Mlynek J, Marko JF (1995) EuroPhys Lett 29:353Google Scholar
  93. 95.
    Bruder F (1992) PhD Thesis, Albert-Ludwigs Univ, Freiburg i. BrGoogle Scholar
  94. 96.
    Eiser E, Budkowski A, Steiner U, Klein J, Fetters LJ, Krishnamoorti R (1993) ACS PMSE Proc 69:176Google Scholar
  95. 97.
    Straub W (1996) PhD Thesis, Albert-Ludwigs Univ, Freiburg i. BrGoogle Scholar
  96. 98.
    Genzer J (1996) PhD Thesis, University of PennsylvaniaGoogle Scholar
  97. 99.
    Genzer J, Composto RJ (1997) EuroPhys Lett 38:171Google Scholar
  98. 100.
    Cahn JW (1965) J Chem Phys 42:93Google Scholar
  99. 101.
    Pincus P (1981) J Chem Phys 75:1996Google Scholar
  100. 102.
    Hashimoto T (1988) Phase Transitions 12:47Google Scholar
  101. 103.
    Lifshitz IM, Slyoyzov VV (1961) J Chem Phys Solids 19:35Google Scholar
  102. 104.
    Ball RC, Essery RLH (1990) J Phys: Condens Matter 2:10,303Google Scholar
  103. 105.
    Marko JF (1993) Phys Rev E 48:2861Google Scholar
  104. 106.
    Puri S, Binder K (1994) Phys Rev E49:5359Google Scholar
  105. 107.
    Budkowski A (unpublished)Google Scholar
  106. 108.
    Jones RAL, Norton LJ, Shull KR, Kramer E, Bates FS, Wiltzius P (1991) Phys RevLett 66:1326Google Scholar
  107. 109.
    Krausch G, Dai C-A, Kramer EJ, Bates FS (1993) Phys Rev Lett 71:3669Google Scholar
  108. 110.
    Krausch G, Mlynek J, Straub W, Brenn R, Marko JF (1994) EuroPhys Lett 28:323Google Scholar
  109. 111.
    Krausch G, Dai C-A, Kramer EJ, Marko JF, Bates FS (1993) Macromolecules 26:5566Google Scholar
  110. 112.
    Kim E, Krausch G, Kramer EJ, Osby JO (1994) Macromolecules 27:5927Google Scholar
  111. 113.
    Geoghegan M, Jones RAL, Clough AS (1995) J Chem Phys 103:2719Google Scholar
  112. 114.
    Bruder F, Brenn R (1992) Phys Rev Lett 69:624Google Scholar
  113. 115.
    Steiner U, Eiser E, Budkowski A, Fetters JL, Klein J (1994) Ber Bunsenges Phys Chem 98:366Google Scholar
  114. 116.
    Rysz J, Bernasik A, Ermer H, Budkowski A, Brenn R, Hashimoto T, Jedlinski J (1997) EuroPhys Lett 40:503Google Scholar
  115. 117.
    Steiner U, Klein J, Fetters LJ (1994) Phys Rev Lett 72:1498Google Scholar
  116. 118.
    Binder K, Nielaba P, Pereyra V (1997) Z Phys B 104:81Google Scholar
  117. 119.
    Krausch G, Kramer EJ, Rafailovich MH, Sokolov J (1994) Appl Phys Lett 64:2655Google Scholar
  118. 120.
    Scheffold F, Budkowski A, Steiner U, Eiser E, Klein J, Fetters LJ (1996) J Chem Phys 104:8795Google Scholar
  119. 121.
    Kerle T, Klein J, Binder K (1996) Phys Rev Lett 77:1318Google Scholar
  120. 122.
    Hildebrand JH, Scott RL (1950) The solubility of non-electrolytes. ReinholdGoogle Scholar
  121. 123.
    van Laar JJ, Lorentz R (1925) Z Anorg Allgem Chem 146:42Google Scholar
  122. 124.
    Coleman MM, Serman CJ, Bhagwar DE, Painter PC (1990) Polymer 31:1187Google Scholar
  123. 125.
    Lin J-L, Roe R-J (1987) Macromolecules 20:2168Google Scholar
  124. 126.
    Han CC, Bauer BJ, Clark JC, Muroga Y, Matsushita Y, Okada M, Tran-Cong Q, Chang I, Sanchez IC (1988) Polymer 29:2002Google Scholar
  125. 127.
    Dudowicz J, Freed KF (1991) Macromolecules 24:5112Google Scholar
  126. 128.
    Lifschitz M, Freed KF (1993) J Chem Phys 98:8994Google Scholar
  127. 129.
    Schubert DW, Stamm M (1996) EuroPhys Lett 35:419Google Scholar
  128. 130.
    Sferrazza M, Xiao C, Jones RAL, Bucknall DG, Webster J, Penfold (1997) Phys Rev Lett 78:3693Google Scholar
  129. 131.
    Majkrzak CF, Flecher GP (1990) MRS Bulletin November, p 65Google Scholar
  130. 132.
    Atkin EL, Kleintjens LA, Koningsveld R, Fetters LJ (1984) Makromol Chem 185:377Google Scholar
  131. 133.
    Sakurai S, Hasegawa H, Hashimoto T, Hargis IG, Aggarwal SL, Han CC (1990) Macromolecules 23:451Google Scholar
  132. 134.
    Rhee J, Crist B (1991) Macromolecules 24:5663Google Scholar
  133. 135.
    Larbi FBC, Leloup S, Halary JL, Monnerie L (1986) Polymer Communications 27:23Google Scholar
  134. 136.
    Rhee J, Crist B (1993) J Chem Phys 98:4174Google Scholar
  135. 137.
    Graessley WW, Krishnamoorti R, Balsara NP, Fetters LJ, Lohse DJ, Schultz DN, Sissano JA (1993) Macromolecules 26:1137Google Scholar
  136. 138.
    Krishnamoorti R, Graessley WW, Balsara NP, Lohse DJ (1994) J Chem Phys 100:3894Google Scholar
  137. 139.
    Graessley WW, Krishnamoorti R, Balsara NP, Fetters LJ, Lohse DJ, Schultz DN, Sissano JA (1994) Macromolecules 27:2574Google Scholar
  138. 140.
    Graessley WW, Krishnamoorti R, Balsara NP, Butera RJ, Fetters LJ, Lohse DJ, Schultz DN, Sissano JA (1994) Macromolecules 27:3896Google Scholar
  139. 141.
    Krishnamoorti R, Graessley WW, Balsara NP, Lohse DJ (1994) Macromolecules 27:3073Google Scholar
  140. 142.
    Graessley WW, Krishnamoorti R, Reichart GC, Balsara NP, Fetters LJ, Lohse DJ (1995) Macromolecules 28:1260Google Scholar
  141. 143.
    Budkowski A, Klein J, Eiser E, Steiner U, Fetters LJ (1993) Macromolecules 26:3858Google Scholar
  142. 144.
    ten Brinke G, Karasz FE, MacKnight WJ (1983) Macromolecules 16:1827Google Scholar
  143. 145.
    Budkowski A, Rysz J, Scheffold F, Klein J, Fetters LJ (1998) J Polym Sci: Part B: Polymer Physics 36:2691Google Scholar
  144. 146.
    Fredrickson GH, Liu AJ (1995) J Polym Sci: Part B: Polymer Physics 33:1203Google Scholar
  145. 147.
    Kohl PR, Seifert AM, Hellmann GP (1990) J Polymer Sci: Part B: Polym Physics 28:1309Google Scholar
  146. 148.
    Schwahn D, Janssen S, Springer T (1992) J Chem Phys 97:8775Google Scholar
  147. 149.
    Schwahn D, Meier G, Mortensen K, Janssen S (1994) J Phys II France 4:837Google Scholar
  148. 150.
    Rouault Y, Baschnagel J, Binder K (1995) J Statistical Physics 80:1009Google Scholar
  149. 151.
    Bates FS, Wignall GD (1986) Macromolecules 19:932Google Scholar
  150. 152.
    Young T (1805) Philos Trans R Soc London 95:65Google Scholar
  151. 153.
    Cahn JE (1977) J Chem Phys 66:3667Google Scholar
  152. 154.
    Moldover MR, Cahn JW (1980) Science 207:1073Google Scholar
  153. 155.
    Schmidt JW, Moldover MR (1983) J Chem Phys 79:379Google Scholar
  154. 156.
    Pohl DW, Goldburg WI (1982) Phys Rev Lett 48:1111Google Scholar
  155. 157.
    Ragil K, Meunier J, Broseta D, Indekeu JO, Bonn D (1996) Phys Rev Lett 77:1532Google Scholar
  156. 158.
    Dietrich S (1988) In:Domb C, Lebowitz J (eds.) Phase transitions and critical phenomena, 12. Academic Press, London, p 1Google Scholar
  157. 159.
    Jones RAL (1994) Polymer 35:2160Google Scholar
  158. 160.
    Steiner U, Klein J (1996) Phys Rev Lett 77:2526Google Scholar
  159. 161.
    Wang JS, Binder K (1991) J Chem Phys 94:8537Google Scholar
  160. 162.
    Genzer J, Composto RJ (1997) J Chem Phys 106:1257Google Scholar
  161. 163.
    Genzer J, Kramer EJ (1997) Phys Rev Lett 78:4946Google Scholar
  162. 164.
    Bhatia QS, Pan DH, Koberstein JT (1988) Macromolecules 21:2166Google Scholar
  163. 165.
    Jones RAL, Kramer EJ, Rafailovich M, Sokolov J, Schwarz SA (1989) Phys Rev Lett 62:280Google Scholar
  164. 166.
    Faldi A, Genzer J, Composto RJ, Dozier WD (1995) Phys Rev Lett 74:3388Google Scholar
  165. 167.
    Bruder F, Brenn R (1993) EuroPhys Lett 22:707Google Scholar
  166. 168.
    Ermer H, Straub W, Brenn R (1996) Verhand DPG (VI) 31:PO9.3Google Scholar
  167. 169.
    Jones RAL, Norton LJ, Kramer EJ, Composto RJ, Stein RS, Russell TP, Mansour A, Karim A, Felcher GP, Rafailovich MH, Sokolov J, Zhao X, Schwarz SA (1990) EuroPhys Lett 12:41Google Scholar
  168. 170.
    Zhao X, Zhao W, Sokolov J, Rafailovich MH, Schwarz SA, Wilkens BJ, Jones RAL, Kramer EJ (1991) Macromolecules 24:5991Google Scholar
  169. 171.
    Hariharan A, Kumar SK, Russell TP (1993) J Chem Phys 98:4163Google Scholar
  170. 172.
    Hariharan A, Kumar SK, Rafailovich MH, Sokolov J, Zheng X, Duong D, Russell TP (1993) J Chem Phys 99:656Google Scholar
  171. 173.
    Guckenbiehl B, Stamm M, Springer T (1994) Coll Surf A: Physicochem Eng Aspects 86:311Google Scholar
  172. 174.
    Genzer J, Faldi A, Oslanec R, Composto RJ (1996) Macromolecules 20:5438Google Scholar
  173. 175.
    Budkowski A, Rysz J, Scheffold F, Klein J (1998) EuroPhys Lett 43:404Google Scholar
  174. 176.
    Jerry RA, Dutta A (1994) J Coll Int Sci 167:287Google Scholar
  175. 177.
    Jerry RA, Nauman EB (1992) Phys Lett A 167:198Google Scholar
  176. 178.
    Kumar SK, Tang H, Szleifer I (1994) Molecular Physics 81:867Google Scholar
  177. 179.
    Rouault Y, Duenweg B, Baschnagel J, Binder K (1996) Polymer 37:297Google Scholar
  178. 180.
    Lipowski R, Huse DA (1986) Phys Rev Lett 52:353Google Scholar
  179. 181.
    Binder K, Frisch HL (1991) Z Phys B: Condensed Matter 84:403Google Scholar
  180. 182.
    Jones RAL, Kramer EJ (1990) Philos Mag B 62:129Google Scholar
  181. 183.
    Cohen S, Muthukumar M (1989) J Chem Phys 90:5749Google Scholar
  182. 184.
    Fredrickson GH, Donley JP (1992) J Chem Phys 97:8941Google Scholar
  183. 185.
    Jerry RA, Nauman EB (1992) J Coll Int Sci 154:122Google Scholar
  184. 186.
    Donley JP, Fredrickson GH (1995) J Polym Sci: Part B: Polymer Physics 33:1343Google Scholar
  185. 187.
    Carmesin I, Noolandi J (1989) Macromolecules 22:1689Google Scholar
  186. 188.
    Norton LJ, Kramer EJ, Bates FS, Gehlsen MD, Jones RAL, Karim A, Felcher GP, Kleb R (1995) Macromolecules 28:8621Google Scholar
  187. 189.
    Zink F, Kerle T, Klein J (1998) Macromolecules 31:417Google Scholar
  188. 190.
    Chen ZY, Noolandi J, Izzo D (1991) Phys Rev Lett 66:727Google Scholar
  189. 191.
    Jones RAL (1993) Phys Rev E 47:1437Google Scholar
  190. 192.
    Klein J, Scheffold F, Steiner U, Eiser E, Budkowski A, Fetters LJ (1997) In:Sperling LH (ed) Interfacial aspects of multicomponent polymer materials. Plenum, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  191. 193.
    Genzer J, Faldi A, Composto RJ (1994) Phys Rev E50:2373Google Scholar
  192. 194.
    Cifra P, Bruder F, Brenn R (1993) J Chem Phys 99:4121Google Scholar
  193. 195.
    Jones RAL, Kramer EJ (1993) Polymer 34:115Google Scholar
  194. 196.
    Hariharan A, Kumar SK, Russell TP (1991) Macromolecules 24:4909Google Scholar
  195. 197.
    Kumar SK, Russell TP (1991) Macromolecules 24:3816Google Scholar
  196. 198.
    Hariharan A, Kumar SK, Russell TP (1990) Macromolecules 23:3584Google Scholar
  197. 199.
    Walton DG, Mayes AM (1996) Phys Rev E54:2811Google Scholar
  198. 200.
    Mayes AM, Kumar SK (1997) MRS Bulletin January, p 43Google Scholar
  199. 201.
    Wu DT, Fredrickson GH (1996) Macromolecules 29:7919Google Scholar
  200. 202.
    Walton DG, Soo PP, Mayes AM, Allgor SJS, Fujii JT, Griffith LG, Ankner JF, Kaiser H, Johansson J, Smith GD, Barker JG, Satija SK (1997) Macromolecules 30:6947Google Scholar
  201. 203.
    Sikka M, Singh N, Karim A, Bates FS, Satija SK, Majkrzak CF (1993) Phys Rev Lett 70:307Google Scholar
  202. 204.
    Carigano MA, Szleifer I (1995) EuroPhys Lett 30:525Google Scholar
  203. 205.
    Wu DT, Fredrickson GH, Carton J-P (1996) J Chem Phys 104:6387Google Scholar
  204. 206.
    Donley JP, Wu DT, Fredrickson GH (1997) Macromolecules 30:2167Google Scholar
  205. 207.
    Yethiraj A, Kumar S, Hariharan A, Schweizer KS (1994) J Chem Phys 100:4691Google Scholar
  206. 208.
    Yethiraj A (1995) Phys Rev Lett 74:2018Google Scholar
  207. 209.
    Kumar S, Yethiraj A, Schweizer KS, Leermakers FAM (1995) J Chem Phys 103:10,332Google Scholar
  208. 210.
    Steiner U, Klein J, Eiser E, Budkowski A, Fetters LJ (1994) In: Rabin Y, Bruinsma R (eds) Soft order in physical systems. Plenum Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  209. 211.
    Steiner U, Eiser E, Budkowski A, Fetters JL, Klein J (1994) In: Teramoto A, Kobayashi M, Norisuje T (eds) ordering in macromolecular systems. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  210. 212.
    Scheffold F, Eiser E, Budkowski A, Steiner U, Klein J, Fetters LJ (1996) ACS PMSE Proc. 75 (Aug)Google Scholar
  211. 213.
    Schweizer KS, David EF, Singh C, Curro JG, Rajasekaran JJ (1995) Macromolecules 28:1528Google Scholar
  212. 214.
    van der Linden CC, Leermakers FAM, Fleer GJ (1996) Macromolecules 29:1172Google Scholar
  213. 215.
    Rysz J, Budkowski A, Bernasik A, Klein J, Kowalski K, Jedlinski J (1998) (in preparation)Google Scholar
  214. 216.
    Wu S (1982) Polymer interfaces and adhesion Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  215. 217.
    Guggenheim EA (1945) J Chem Phys 13:253Google Scholar
  216. 218.
    Balsara NP, Lohse DJ, Graessley WW, Krishnamoorti R (1994) J Chem Phys 100:3905Google Scholar
  217. 219.
    Tang H, Szleifer I, Kumar SK (1994) J Chem Phys 100:5367Google Scholar
  218. 220.
    Reich S, Cohen Y (1981) J Polymer Sci 19:1255Google Scholar
  219. 221.
    Nakanishi H, Fisher ME (1983) J Chem Phys 78:3279Google Scholar
  220. 222.
    Eggleton CD (1996) Physics Letters A 223:394Google Scholar
  221. 223.
    Müller M, Binder K (1998) Macromolecules (in press)Google Scholar
  222. 224.
    Werner A, Schmid F, Müller M, Binder K (1997) J Chem Phys 107:8175Google Scholar
  223. 225.
    Binder K, Müller M, Schmid F, Werner A (1997) J Computer-Aided Materials Design 4:137Google Scholar
  224. 226.
    Milner ST (1991) Science 251:905Google Scholar
  225. 227.
    Halperin A, Tirrell M, Lodge TP (1991) Advances in Polymer Science 100:31Google Scholar
  226. 228.
    Milner ST (1994) J Polym Sci B: Polymer Physics 32:2743Google Scholar
  227. 229.
    Alexander S (1977) J Phys (Paris) 38:983Google Scholar
  228. 230.
    de Gennes PG (1980) Macromolecules 13:1069Google Scholar
  229. 231.
    Leibler L (1988) Makromol Chem, Macromol Symp 16:1Google Scholar
  230. 232.
    Aubouy M, Raphaël E (1993) J Phys II France 3:443Google Scholar
  231. 233.
    Munch MR, Gast AP (1988) Macromolecules 21:1366Google Scholar
  232. 234.
    Zhulina EB, Borisov OV, Brombacher L (1991) Macromolecules 24:4679Google Scholar
  233. 235.
    Semenov AN (1992) Macromolecules 25:4967Google Scholar
  234. 236.
    Shull KR, Kramer EJ (1990) Macromolecules 23:4769Google Scholar
  235. 237.
    Shull KR (1991) J Chem Phys 94:5723Google Scholar
  236. 238.
    Shull KR (1993) Macromolecules 26:2346Google Scholar
  237. 239.
    Grest GS (1996) J Chem Phys 105:5532Google Scholar
  238. 240.
    Brown HR, Char K, Deline VR (1990) Macromolecules 23:3383Google Scholar
  239. 241.
    Budkowski A, Steiner U, Klein J, Fetters LJ (1992) EuroPhys Lett 20:499Google Scholar
  240. 242.
    Clarke CJ, Jones RAL, Edwards JL, Clough AS, Penfold J (1994) Polymer 35:4065Google Scholar
  241. 243.
    Clarke CJ, Jones RAL, Edwards JL, Shull KR, Penfold J (1995) Macromolecules 28:2042Google Scholar
  242. 244.
    Liu Y, Schwarz SA, Zhao W, Quinn J, Sokolov J, Rafailovich MH, Iyengar D, Kramer EJ, Dozier W, Fetters LJ, Dickman R (1995) EuroPhys Lett 32:211Google Scholar
  243. 245.
    Reiter G, Auroy P, Auvray L (1996) Centre de Recherches sur la Physico-Chimie des Surfaces Solides, CNRS, Mulhouse, France (preprint)Google Scholar
  244. 246.
    Green PF, Russell TP (1991) Macromolecules 24:2931Google Scholar
  245. 247.
    Russell TP, Anastasiadis SH, Menelle A (1991) Macromolecules 24:1575Google Scholar
  246. 248.
    Green PF, Russell TP (1992) Macromolecules 25:783Google Scholar
  247. 249.
    Zhao X, Zhao W, Zheng X, Rafailovich MH, Sokolov J, Schwarz SA, Pudensi MAA, Russell TP, Kumar SK, Fetters LJ (1992) Phys Rev Lett 69:776Google Scholar
  248. 250.
    Dai KH, Kramer EJ, Shull KR (1992) Macromolecules 25:220Google Scholar
  249. 251.
    Budkowski A, Klein J, Steiner U, Fetters LJ (1993) Macromolecules 26:2470Google Scholar
  250. 252.
    Dai KH, Washiyama J, Kramer EJ (1994) Macromolecules 27:4544Google Scholar
  251. 253.
    Dai KH, Kramer EJ (1994) J Polymer Sci B: Polymer Phys 32:1943Google Scholar
  252. 254.
    Budkowski A, Klein J, Fetters LJ (1995) Macromolecules 28:8571Google Scholar
  253. 255.
    Budkowski A, Klein J, Fetters LJ, Hashimoto T (1995) Macromolecules 28:8579Google Scholar
  254. 256.
    Shull KR, Kellock AJ, Deline VR, MacDonald SA (1992) J Chem Phys 97:2095Google Scholar
  255. 257.
    Ligoure C, Leibler L (1990) J Phys France 51:1313Google Scholar
  256. 258.
    Budkowski A, Losch A, Klein J (1995) Israel J Chem 35:55Google Scholar
  257. 259.
    Sanchez IC (1987) Encycl Polym Sci Technol 11:1Google Scholar
  258. 260.
    Shull KR, Kramer EJ, Hadziioannou G, Tang W (1990) Macromolecules 23:4780Google Scholar
  259. 261.
    Dai KH, Norton LJ, Kramer EJ (1994) Macromolecules 27:1949Google Scholar
  260. 262.
    Jones RAL, Norton LJ, Shull KR, Kramer EJ, Felcher GP, Karim A, Fetters LJ (1992) Macromolecules 25:2359Google Scholar
  261. 263.
    Dai KH, Kramer EJ (1994) Polymer 35:157Google Scholar
  262. 264.
    Nicolai T, Clarke CJ, Jones RAL, Penfold J (1994) Colloid Surf A86:155Google Scholar
  263. 265.
    Zhao X, Zhao W, Rafailovich MH, Sokolov J, Russell TP, Kumar SK, Schwarz SA, Wilkens BJ (1991) EuroPhys Lett 15:725Google Scholar
  264. 266.
    Losch A, Salomonovic R, Steiner U, Fetters LJ, Klein J (1995) J Polym Sci B: Polymer Physics 33:1821Google Scholar
  265. 267.
    Aubouy M, Fredrickson GH, Pincus P, Raphaël E (1995) Macromolecules 28:2979Google Scholar
  266. 268.
    Tanaka H, Hashimoto T (1991) Macromolecules 24:5398Google Scholar
  267. 269.
    Shull KR, Winey KI, Thomas EL, Kramer EJ (1991) Macromolecules 24:2748Google Scholar
  268. 270.
    Dan N, Tirrel M (1993) Macromolecules 26:6467Google Scholar
  269. 271.
    Milner ST (1992) Macromolecules 25:5847Google Scholar
  270. 272.
    Lai P-Y, Zhulina EB (1992) Macromolecules 25:5201Google Scholar
  271. 273.
    Laub CF, Koberstein JT (1994) Macromolecules 27:5016Google Scholar
  272. 274.
    Klein J, Kamiyama Y, Yoshizawa H, Israelachvili JN, Fetters LJ, Pincus P (1992) Macromolecules 25:2062Google Scholar
  273. 275.
    Kumacheva E, Klein J, Pincus P, Fetters LJ (1993) Macromolecules 26:6477Google Scholar
  274. 276.
    Perahia D, Wiesler DG, Satija SK, Fetters LJ, Sinha SK, Grest GS (1996) Physica B221:337Google Scholar
  275. 277.
    Char K, Brown HR, Deline VR (1993) Macromolecules 26:4164Google Scholar
  276. 278.
    Sung L, Han C (1995) J Polym Sci B: Polymer Phys 33:2405Google Scholar
  277. 279.
    Kellogg GJ, Walton DG, Mayes AM, Lambooy P, Russell TP, Gallagher PD, Satija SK (1996) Phys Rev Lett 76:2503Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrzej Budkowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsJagellonian UniversityKrakówPoland

Personalised recommendations