Effectiveness of Keyword-Based Display and Selection of Retrieval Results for Interactive Searches
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- Berenci E., Carpineto C., Giannini V., Mizzaro S. (1999) Effectiveness of Keyword-Based Display and Selection of Retrieval Results for Interactive Searches. In: Abiteboul S., Vercoustre AM. (eds) Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. ECDL 1999. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 1696. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
We present an approach to increasing the effectiveness of rankedoutput retrieval systems that relies on graphical display and user manipulation of “views” of retrieval results, where a view is the subset of retrieved documents that contain a specified subset of query terms. This approach has been implemented in a system named VIEWER (VIEwing WEb Results), acting as an interface to available search engines. An experimental evaluation of the performance of VIEWER in contrast to AltaVista is the major focus of the paper. We first report the results of an experiment on single, short query searches where VIEWER, used as an interactive ranking system, markedly outperformed AltaVista. We then concentrate on a more realistic searching scenario, involving free query formulation, unconstrained selection of retrieval results, and possibility of query reformulation. We report the results of an experiment where the use of VIEWER, compared to AltaVista, seemed to shift the user effort from inspection to evaluation of results, increasing retrieval effectiveness and user satisfaction. In particular, we found that the VIEWER users retrieved half as many nonrelevant documents as the AltaVista users while retrieving a comparable number of relevant documents.
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