Audiovisual Cultural Heritage: From TV and Radio Archiving to Hypermedia Publishing

  • Gwendal Auffret
  • Bruno Bachimont
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1696)


Abstract. In this article, we present a model of digital audiovisual (AV) library. We describe how AV library users need to be provided not only with accurate and efficient ways to retrieve images and sounds, but also with new environments allowing to read and interpret these images and sounds as AV documents. We show how library users perform an active reading of documents by contextualizing them using corpora of structured meta-information. This documentation consists of documents elaborated from previous readings of this AV content, such as producers’ files, critics, etc. It provides a good alternate representation as defined in [34]. We propose a model allowing library users to read AV documents not only along their documentation but from their documentation. This model is based on concepts from the electronic publishing world: it defines different levels of editorial control over the semantics, the structure and the layout of documentation and, in the end, allows the automatic generation of hypermedia applications, which we can be used as a new and efficient AV reading environment by library users. We also describe a prototype implementing parts of this model.


Description Scheme Public Service Broadcaster Library User Information Retrieval Method Standard Generalize Markup Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    ACTS-DICEMAN. Diceman ddl. Technical report, ISO MPEG contribution, Lancaster Meeting, feb. 1999. Official submission of the ACTS DICEMAN project to the MPEG-7 standardization.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Aigrain, D. Petkovic, and H.J. Zhang. Content-based representation and retrieval of visual media: a state-of-the-art review. In Multimedia Tools and Applications special issue on representation and retrieval of visual media, 1996.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.F. Allen. Maintaining knowledge about temporal intervals. Communications of the ACM, 26/11:832–843, 1983.MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gwendal Auffret, Jean Carrive, Olivier Chevet, Thomas Dechilly, Rémi Ronfard, and Bruno Bachimont. Audiovisual-based hypermedia authoring: using structured representations for efficient access to av documents. In Klaus Tochtermann, Jörg Westbomke, Uffe Kock Wiil, and John J. Leggett, editors, ACM Hypertext’ 99, pages 169–178, Darmstadt, 1999. ACM Press.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gwendal Auffret and Yannick Prié. Managing full-indexed audiovisual documents: a new perspective for the humanities. (To appear in) Computer and the Humanities, Special Issue on Digital Images, 1999.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gwendal Auffret, Rémi Ronfard, and Bruno Bachimont. Proposal for a minimal mpeg-7 ddl for temporal media. Technical report, ISO MPEG contribution 3782, Dublin Meeting, jul., 1998 1998.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bruno Bachimont. Mpeg-7 and ontologies: an editorial perspective. In Virtual Systems and Multimedia 98, Gifu, Japan, 1998.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tim Berners-Lee. Axioms of web architecture: 3) metadata architecture. Technical report, W3C, January 6 1997.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tim Berners-Lee. Challenges of the second decade. In WWW Conference, Toronto, 1999.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lou Burnard and C.M. Sperberg-McQueen. TEI P3: Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding for Interchange. Lou Burnard and C.M. Sperberg-McQueen, 1994.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. Selçuk Candan, E. Hwang, and V. S. Subrahmanian. An event-based model for continuous media data on heterogeneous disk server. Multimedia systems, 6:251–270, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    François Chahuneau, Christophe Lécluse, Bernard Stiegler, and Jacques Virbel. Prototyping the ultimate tool for scholarly qualitative research on texts. In 8th Annual conference of the UW Centre for the New Oxford English Dictionary and Text Research, Waterloo, 1992.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shih-Fu Chang, John R. Smith, Mandis Beigi, and Ana Benitez. Visual information retrieval from large distributed online repositories. Communications of the ACM, 40/12:63–71, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. G. Christel, David B. Winckler, and Roy C. Taylor. Improving access to a digital video library. In INTERACT’ 97, 6th IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Sydney, Australia, 1997.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Davis. Media streams: an iconic visual language for video annotation. In IEEE Symposium on visual languages, pages 196–203, 1993.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Francis Denel, Genevieve Piéjut, and Jean-Michel Rodes. Le dépôt légal de la radio et de la télévision. INA-publications, Paris, 1994.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jonathan Foote. An overview of audio information retrieval. Multimedia Systems, 7:2–10, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rick Furuta. What can digital libraries teach us about hypertext? SIGLINK newsletter, 6/3:7–9, 1997.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. I. Grosky. Managing multimedia information in database system. Communications of the ACM, 40(12):73–80, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nicola Guarino. Formal ontology, conceptual analysis and knowledge representation. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 43(5/6):625–640, 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.G. Hauptmann and M.A. Smith. Text, speech, and vision for video segmentation: the informedia project. Technical report, Carnegie Mellon University, 1995.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jane Hunter and Renato Iannella. The application of metadata standards to video indexing. In Second European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, Crete, Greece, 1998.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    ISO. ISO 8879:1986, Information processing–Text and office systems–Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). ISO, Geneva, 1986.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    ISO. ISO/IEC IS 10179:1996 Document Style Semantics and Specification Language (DSSSL). ISO, Geneva, 1996.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    ISO. ISO/IEC IS 10744:1997, Hypermedia/Time based Structuring Language (Hy-Time) AFDR Meta-DTD. ISO, Geneva, 1997.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rainer Leinhart, Silvia Pfeiffer, and Wolfgang Effelsberg. Video abstracting. Communications of the ACM, 40/12:55–62, 1997.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Craig A. Lindley and Anne-Marie Vercroustre. Intelligent video synthesis using virtual video prescriptions. In International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Multimedia Applications, Churchill, Victoria, 1997.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Mitchell, W. Pennebaker, C. Foog, and D. Le Gall. MPEG Video Compression Standard. Chapman and Hall, New York, 1996.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    E. Oomoto and K. Tanaka. Ovid: design and implementation of a video-object database system. IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 5(4):629–643, 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y. Prié, A. Mille, and J. Pinon. Ai-strata: A user-centered model for content-based description and retrieval of audiovisual sequences. In Springer-Verlag To appear in LNCS, editor, First Int. Advanced Multimedia Content Processing Conf., Osaka, 1998.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lloyd Rutledge, Lynda Hardman, Jacco van Ossenbruggen, and Dick C. A. Bulterman. Practical applications of existing hypermedia standards. In ACM Digital Libraries’ 98, pages 191–198. ACM Press, 1998.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Peter S. Samis. The evolving state of the art cd-rom: the national museum of american art and les impressionnistes. Archives and Museum Informatics, 12(1):3–16, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Jacques Virbel. La performative textuelle. In Le texte en mouvement. Presses Universitaires de Vincennes, 1987. In French.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ken Yap, Bill Simpson-Young, and Uma Srinivasan. Enhancing video navigation with existing alternate representations. In International Workshop on Image Databases and Multi Media Search, Amsterdam, 1996.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    B.L. Yeo and M.M. Yeung. Retrieving and visualizing video. Communications of the ACM, 40(12):43–52, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gwendal Auffret
    • 1
  • Bruno Bachimont
    • 1
  1. 1.Direction de la Recherche ProspectiveInstitut National de l’Audiovisuel (INA)Bry-Sur-Marne CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations