Advertisement

CP Violation and Baryogenesis

  • Werner Bernreuther
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 591)

Abstract

In these lecture notes an introduction is given to some ideas and attempts to understand the origin of the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe. After the discussion of some basic issues of cosmology and particle theory the scenarios of electroweak baryogenesis, GUT baryogenesis, and leptogenesis are outlined.

Keywords

Higgs Boson Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model Baryon Number Baryon Asymmetry Majorana Neutrino 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. W. Kolb and M. S. Turner, The Early Universe, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading (1993).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. D. Dolgov, Phys. Rept. 222 (1992) 309.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. G. Cohen, D. B. Kaplan and A. E. Nelson, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 43 (1993) 27 [arXiv:hep-ph/9302210].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. A. Rubakov and M. E. Shaposhnikov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 166 (1996) 493 [Phys. Usp. 39 (1996) 461] [arXiv:hep-ph/9603208].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Trodden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71 (1999) 1463 [arXiv:hep-ph/9803479].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Riotto and M. Trodden, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 49 (1999) 35 [arXiv:hepph/9901362].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. Buchmüller and M. Plümacher, [arXiv:hep-ph/0007176]; W. Buchmüller, [arXiv:hep-ph/0101102].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. E. Groom et al. [Particle Data Group Collaboration], Eur. Phys. J. C 15 (2000) 1.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. W. Kolb and M. S. Turner, in ref. [8].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. A. Olive, in ref. [8].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Saeki et al. [BESS Collaboration], Phys. Lett. B 422 (1998) 319 [arXiv:astroph/9710228]; T. Sanuki et al. [BESS Collaboration], Astrophys. J. 545 (2000) 1135 [arXiv:astro-ph/0002481].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Alcaraz et al. [AMS Collaboration], Phys. Lett. B 461 (1999) 387 [arXiv:hepex/0002048].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. G. Cohen, A. De Rujula and S. L. Glashow, Astrophys. J. 495 (1998) 539 [arXiv:astro-ph/9707087].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. de Bernardis, talk given at the DESY Theory Workshop on Gravity and Particle Physics, Hamburg, October 2001.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. D. Sakharov, JETP Letters 5 (1967) 24.ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. Toussaint, S. B. Treiman, F. Wilczek and A. Zee, Phys. Rev. D 19 (1979) 1036.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K. Kleinknecht, lectures given at this school.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Ali, lectures given at this school.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. Waldi, lectures given at this school.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. L. Adler, Phys. Rev. 177 (1969) 2426.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. S. Bell and R. Jackiw, Nuovo Cim. A 60 (1969) 47.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. ’t Hooft, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37 (1976) 8.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. A. Belavin, A. M. Polyakov, A. S. Shvarts and Y. S. Tyupkin, Phys. Lett. B 59 (1975) 85.CrossRefADSMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. ’t Hooft, Phys. Rev. D 14 (1976) 3432 [Erratum-ibid. D 18 (1976) 2199].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    V. A. Kuzmin, V. A. Rubakov and M. E. Shaposhnikov, Phys. Lett. B 155 (1985) 36.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. Arnold and L. D. McLerran, Phys. Rev. D 36 (1987) 581.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    N. S. Manton, Phys. Rev. D 28 (1983) 2019.CrossRefADSMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    F. R. Klinkhamer and N. S. Manton, Phys. Rev. D 30 (1984) 2212.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    G. D. Moore, Phys. Rev. D 59 (1999) 014503 [arXiv:hep-ph/9805264].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    D. Bödeker, G. D. Moore and K. Rummukainen, Phys. Rev. D 61 (2000) 056003 [arXiv:hep-ph/9907545].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    G. D. Moore, Phys. Rev. D 62 (2000) 085011 [arXiv:hep-ph/0001216].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    D. A. Kirzhnits and A. D. Linde, Phys. Lett. B 42 (1972) 471.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    LEP Collaborations, LEPEWG, SLDEWG, [arXiv:hep-ex/0112021].Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    W. Buchmüller, Z. Fodor and A. Hebecker, Nucl. Phys. B 447 (1995) 317 [arXiv:hep-ph/9502321].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Z. Fodor, J. Hein, K. Jansen, A. Jaster and I. Montvay, Nucl. Phys. B 439 (1995) 147 [arXiv:hep-lat/9409017].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    K. Kajantie, M. Laine, K. Rummukainen and M. E. Shaposhnikov, Nucl. Phys. B 466 (1996) 189 [arXiv:hep-lat/9510020].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    W. Buchmüller and O. Philipsen, Phys. Lett. B 397 (1997) 112 [arXiv:hepph/9612286].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    K. Rummukainen, M. Tsypin, K. Kajantie, M. Laine and M. E. Shaposhnikov, Nucl. Phys. B 532 (1998) 283 [arXiv:hep-lat/9805013].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Z. Fodor, Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 83 (2000) 121 [arXiv:hep-lat/9909162].ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    M. Laine, [arXiv:hep-ph/0010275].Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    J. M. Cline, Pramana 54 (2000) 1 [Pramana 55 (2000) 33] [arXiv:hepph/0003029].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    D. Land and E. D. Carlson, Phys. Lett. B 292 (1992) 107 [arXiv:hepph/9208227].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    A. Hammerschmitt, J. Kripfganz and M. G. Schmidt, Z. Phys. C 64 (1994) 105 [arXiv:hep-ph/9404272].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    J. M. Cline and P. A. Lemieux, Phys. Rev. D 55 (1997) 3873 [arXiv:hepph/9609240].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    W. Bernreuther, [arXiv:hep-ph/9808453], in: Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 521, L. Mathelitsch, W. Plessas (Eds.), Springer-Verlag (1999).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    C. R. Gould, lectures given at this school.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    J. F. Giudice, lectures given at this school.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    A. Bartl, T. Gajdosik, W. Porod, P. Stockinger and H. Stremnitzer, Phys. Rev. D 60 (1999) 073003 [arXiv:hep-ph/9903402].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    T. Ibrahim and P. Nath, Phys. Rev. D 57 (1998) 478 [Erratum-ibid. D 58 (1998) 019901] [arXiv:hep-ph/9708456].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    M. Brhlik, G. J. Good and G. L. Kane, Phys. Rev. D 59 (1999) 115004 [arXiv:hep-ph/9810457].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    D. Comelli and M. Pietroni, Phys. Lett. B 306 (1993) 67 [arXiv:hepph/9302207]; D. Comelli, M. Pietroni and A. Riotto, Nucl. Phys. B 412 (1994) 441 [arXiv:hep-ph/9304267].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    S. J. Huber, P. John, M. Laine and M. G. Schmidt, Phys. Lett. B 475 (2000) 104 [arXiv:hep-ph/9912278].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    P. Huet and A. E. Nelson, Phys. Rev. D 53 (1996) 4578 [arXiv:hep-ph/9506477].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    A. Riotto, Phys. Rev. D 58 (1998) 095009 [arXiv:hep-ph/9803357].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    J. M. Cline, M. Joyce and K. Kainulainen, JHEP 0007 (2000) 018 [arXiv:hepph/0006119], Erratum arXiv:hep-ph/0110031.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    M. Carena, J. M. Moreno, M. Quiros, M. Seco and C. E. Wagner, Nucl. Phys. B 599 (2001) 158 [arXiv:hep-ph/0011055].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    T. Prokopec, R. H. Brandenberger, A. C. Davis and M. Trodden, Phys. Lett. B 384 (1996) 175 [arXiv:hep-ph/9511349]; R. H. Brandenberger and A. Riotto, Phys. Lett. B 445 (1999) 323 [arXiv:hepph/9801448].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    L. D. McLerran, M. E. Shaposhnikov, N. Turok and M. B. Voloshin, Phys. Lett. B 256 (1991) 451.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    N. Turok and J. Zadrozny, Nucl. Phys. B 358 (1991) 471.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    A. G. Cohen, D. B. Kaplan and A. E. Nelson, Nucl. Phys. B 349 (1991) 727.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    A. E. Nelson, D. B. Kaplan and A. G. Cohen, Nucl. Phys. B 373 (1992) 453.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    K. Funakubo, A. Kakuto, S. Otsuki, K. Takenaga and F. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. D 50 (1994) 1105 [arXiv:hep-ph/9402204].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    M. Joyce, T. Prokopec and N. Turok, Phys. Rev. D 53 (1996) 2930 [arXiv:hepph/9410281].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    J. M. Cline, K. Kainulainen and A. P. Vischer, Phys. Rev. D 54 (1996) 2451 [arXiv:hep-ph/9506284].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    M. Joyce, T. Prokopec and N. Turok, Phys. Rev. D 53 (1996) 2958 [arXiv:hepph/9410282].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    R. N. Mohapatra and X. M. Zhang, Phys. Rev. D 45 (1992) 2699.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    G. F. Giudice and M. E. Shaposhnikov, Phys. Lett. B 326 (1994) 118 [arXiv:hep-ph/9311367].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    S. J. Huber and M. G. Schmidt, Nucl. Phys. B 606 (2001) 183 [arXiv:hepph/0003122].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    C. Jarlskog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55 (1985) 1039.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    J. Bernabéu, G. C. Branco and M. Gronau, Phys. Lett. B 169 (1986) 243.ADSGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    G. R. Farrar and M. E. Shaposhnikov, Phys. Rev. D 50 (1994) 774 [arXiv:hepph/9305275].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    M. B. Gavela, M. Lozano, J. Orloff and O. Pene, Nucl. Phys. B 430 (1994) 345 [arXiv:hep-ph/9406288]; Nucl. Phys. B 430 (1994) 382 [arXiv:hep-ph/9406289].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    P. Huet and E. Sather, Phys. Rev. D 51 (1995) 379 [arXiv:hep-ph/9404302].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    M. Yoshimura, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41 (1978) 281 [Erratum-ibid. 42 (1978) 746].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    S. Dimopoulos and L. Susskind, Phys. Rev. D 18 (1978) 4500.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    S. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42 (1979) 850.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    M. Fukugita and T. Yanagida, Phys. Lett. B 174 (1986) 45.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    M. A. Luty, Phys. Rev. D 45 (1992) 455.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    M. Flanz, E. A. Paschos and U. Sarkar, Phys. Lett. B 345 (1995) 248 [Erratumibid. B 382 (1995) 447] [arXiv:hep-ph/9411366]; M. Flanz, E. A. Paschos, U. Sarkar and J. Weiss, Phys. Lett. B 389 (1996) 693 [arXiv:hep-ph/9607310].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    M. Plümacher, Z. Phys. C 74 (1997) 549 [arXiv:hep-ph/9604229].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    W. Buchmüller and M. Plümacher, Phys. Lett. B 431 (1998) 354 [arXiv:hepph/9710460].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    L. Covi, E. Roulet and F. Vissani, Phys. Lett. B 384 (1996) 169 [arXiv:hepph/9605319]; E. Roulet, L. Covi and F. Vissani, Phys. Lett. B 424 (1998) 101 [arXiv:hepph/9712468].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    A. Pilaftsis, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 14 (1999) 1811 [arXiv:hep-ph/9812256].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    T. Yanagida, in Workshop on Unified Theories, KEK report 79-18 (1979) p. 95; M. Gell-Mann, P. Ramond and R. Slansky, in Supergravity, North-Holland, Amsterdam (1979), ed. by P. van Nieuvenhuizen and D. Freedman, p. 315.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    W. Fischler, G. F. Giudice, R. G. Leigh and S. Paban, Phys. Lett. B 258 (1991) 45.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    S. Y. Khlebnikov and M. E. Shaposhnikov, Nucl. Phys. B 308 (1988) 885.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    J. A. Harvey and M. S. Turner, Phys. Rev. D 42 (1990) 3344.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    S. Y. Khlebnikov and M. E. Shaposhnikov, Phys. Lett. B 387 (1996) 817 [arXiv:hep-ph/9607386].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    M. Laine and M. E. Shaposhnikov, Phys. Rev. D 61 (2000) 117302 [arXiv:hepph/9911473].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Werner Bernreuther
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikRWTH AachenAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations