Advertisement

Compounds Containing Five-Coordinate Group 13 Elements

  • David A. Atwood
  • Aaron R. Hutchison
  • Yuzhong Zhang
Chapter
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 105)

Abstract

The synthesis, characterization, and applications of five-coordinate group 13 compounds are examined and surveyed. The range of compounds covered in this study includes those with five separate ligands (called “Class A”), a single bidentate ligand (Class B), two bidentate ligands (Class C), tridentate ligand coordination (Class D), and tetradentate ligand coordination (Class E). Each class of five-coordinate compounds is further sub- divided into the possible “Types” of structures that may be envisioned to occur. Following an extensive (although not exhaustive) search of the literature it was found that the majority of the compounds fell into a very few Types in each Class. Thus, future reviews may focus more specifically on the details within these well-populated Types. Many of the possible Types of compounds had no members whatsoever, and thus provide clear targets for future research endeavors. As a striking example, no compound involving a single five-coordinate ligand (Class F) was found.

The ultimate goal of this work is to provide a systematic understanding of the types of five-coordinate compounds that have been made and that may be sought in the future. As such it is primarily a survey of the known compounds with some details about their structures. In particular, the distinction between trigonal bipyramidal and square pyramidal geometry will be discussed in terms of a literature measure known as the “tau” value. This value ranges from “0” for square pyramidal to “1” for trigonal bipyramidal geometries, thus providing a quantitative indication of what geometry a structure most closely adopts.

Keywords

Aluminum Gallium Indium Classification Geometry Structure Tau value 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wilke G (1995) In: Fink G, Mullhaupt R, Brintzinger HH (eds), Ziegler Catalysts. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, chapter 1Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Robinoson GH (1993) In: Robinson GH (ed), Coordination Chemistry of Aluminum. VCH, New York, chapter 2Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Atwood DA, Harvey MJ (2001) Chem Rev 101: 37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dzugan SJ, Goedken VL (1986) Inorg Chem 25: 2858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gurian PL, Cheatham LK, Ziller JW, Barron AR (1991) J Chem Soc Dalton Trans 1449Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Atwood DA, Jegier JA, Rutherford D (1995) J Am Chem Soc 117: 6779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Vincens V, Le Borgne A, Spassky N (1989) Makromol Chem Rapid Commun 10:623; Le Borgne A, Vincens V, Jouglard M, Spassky N (1993) Makromol Chem Macromol Symp 73: 37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Aida T, Inoue S (1996) Acc Chem Res 29: 39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Miller JA (1993) In: Downs AJ (ed), Chemistry of Aluminum, Gallium, Indium and Thallium. Chapman and Hall, London, chapter 7Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ovitt TM, Coates GW (1999) J Am Chem Soc 121: 4072; Radano CP, Baker GL, Smith III MR (2000) J Am Chem Soc 122: 1552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Taden I, Kang H-C, Massa W, Okuda J (1997) J Organomet Chem 540: 189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Duxbury JP, Warne JND, Mustaq R, Ward C, Thornton-Pett M, Jiang M, Greatrex R, Kee TP (2000) Organometallics 19: 4445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cameron PA, Gibson VC, Irvine DJ (2000) Angew Chem Int Ed 39: 2141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Addison AW, Rao TN, Reedjik J, Verschoor GCJ (1984) Chem Soc Dalton Trans 1349Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hect E, Gelbrich T, Thiele K-H, Sieler J (2000) Z Anorg Allg Chem 626: 180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gorrell IB, Hitchcock PB, Smith JD (1993) J Chem Soc Chem Commun 189Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schumann H, Seub TD, Just O, Weimann R, Hemling H, Gorlitz FH (1994) J Organomet Chem 479: 171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cleaver WM, Barron AR (1989) J Am Chem Soc 111: 8966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lewinski J, Zachara J, Grabska E (1996) J Am Chem Soc 118: 6794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lewinski J, Zachara J, Kopec T, Madura I, Prowtorow I (1999) Inorg Chem Commun 2: 131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cleaver WM, Barron AR (1989) J Am Chem Soc 111: 8966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Power MB, Cleaver WM, Apblett AW, Barron AR, Ziller JW (1992) Polyhedron 11: 477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lewinski J, Zachara J, Grabska J (1996) J Am Chem Soc 118: 6794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ooi T, Morikawa J, Uraguchi D, Maruoka K (1999) Tetrahedron Lett 40: 2993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Castellino S, Dwight WJ (1993) J Am Chem Soc 115: 2986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shambayashi S, Crowe WE, Schreiber SL (1990) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 29: 256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Atwood D, Jegier J (1996) Inorg Chem 35:4277 and references thereinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Francis JA, McMahon CN, Bott SG, Barron AR (1999) Organometallics 18: 4399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Jennings JR, Wade K (1967) J Chem Soc (A) 1333Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Benn R, Rufinska A, Lehmkuhl H, Janssen E, Kruger C (1983) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 22: 779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lin C-H, Ko B-T, Wang F-C, Lin C-C, Kuo C-Y (1999) J Organomet Chem 575: 67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Francis JA, Bott SG, Barron AR (2000) J Organomet Chem 597: 29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Schumann H, Frick M, Heymer B, Girgsdies F (1996) J Organomet Chem 512: 117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Hendershot DG, Barber M, Humar R, Oliver JP (1991) Organometallics 10: 3302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Shearer HMM, Twiss J, Wade K (1980) J Organomet Chem 184: 309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    McMahon CN, Alemany L, Callender RL, Bott SG, Barron AR (1999) Chem Mater 11: 3181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    McMahon CN, Obrey SJ, Keys A, Bott SG, Barron AR (2000) J Chem Soc Dalton Trans 2151Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ziemkowska W, Pasynkiewicz S (1996) J Organomet Chem 508: 243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Atwood DA, Rutherford D (1996) Comments Inorg Chem 19: 25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Rettig SJ, Storr A, Trotter J (1975) Can J Chem 53: 58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Francis JA, Bott SG, Barron AR (1998) J Chem Soc Dalton Trans 3305Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    S. T. Dzugan, V. L. Goedken (1988) Inorg Chim Acta 154: 169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Atwood DA, Jegier JA, Martin KJ, Rutherford D (1995) Organometallics 14: 1453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Atwood DA, Rutherford D (1995) Organometallics 14: 2880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Atwood DA, Rutherford D (1995) Organometallics 14: 3988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Gelbrich T, Hecht E, Thiele K-H, Sieler J (2000) J Organomet Chem 595: 21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Rettig SJ, Storr A, Trotter J (1992) Acta Cryst C48: 1587Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Huang JH, Chen HJ, Chang JC, Zhou CC, Lee GH, Peng SM (2001) Organometallics 20: 2647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Duchateau R, Meetsma A, Teuben JH (1996) J Chem Soc Chem Commun 223Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Coles MP, Swenson D C, Jordan RF, Young VG Jr (1997) Organometallics 16: 5183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Coles MP, Jordan RF (1997) J Am Chem Soc 119: 8125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Barker J, Blacker NC, Phillips PR, Alcock NW, Errington W, Wallbridge MGH (1996) J Chem Soc Dalton Trans 431Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Korolev AV, Ihara E, Guzei IA, Young VG Jr, Jordan RF (2001) J Am Chem Soc 123: 8291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Muller J, Englert U (1995) Chem Ber 128: 493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Schumann H, Gorlitz FH, Seub TD, Wassermann W (1992) Chem Ber 125: 3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Fischer RA, Sussek H, Miehr A, Pritzkow H, Herdtweck E (1997) J Organomet Chem 548: 73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Muller J, Fischer RA, Sussek H, Pilgram P, Wang R, Pritzkow H, Herdtweck E (1998) Organometallics 17: 161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Muller G, Lachmann J, Rufinska A (1992) Organometallics 11: 2970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Hendershot DG, Barber M, Humar R, Oliver JP ( 1991) Organometallics 10: 3302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Darwin K, Gilby LM, Hodges PR, Piggott B (1999) Polyhedron 18: 3729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Fisher JD, Wie MY, Willett R, Shapiro PJ (1994) Organometallics 13: 3324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Ko B, Lin C (1999) Macromolecules 32: 8296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Francis JA, Bott SG, Barron AR (2000) J Organomet Chem 597: 29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Heller DP, Goldberg DR, Wulff WD (1997) J Am Chem Soc 119: 10551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Bott SG, Alvanipour A, Morley SD, Atwood DA, Means CM, Coleman AW, Atwood JL (1987) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 26: 485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Atwood JL, Bott SG, Harvey S, Junk PC (1994) Organometallics 13: 4151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Lee B, Pennington WT, Robinson GH (1990) Organometallics 9: 1709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Self MF, Pennington WT, Laske JA, Robinson GH (1991) Organometallics 10: 36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Pajerski AD, Cleary TP, Parvez M, Gokel GW, Richey HG Jr (1992) Organometallics 11: 1400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Atwood JL, Robinson KD, Jones C, Raston CL (1991) J Chem Soc Chem Commun 1697Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Emig N, Nguyen H, Krautscheid H, Reau R, Cazaux JB, Bertrand G (1998) Organometallics 17: 3599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Hutchison A, Atwood DA. Inorg Chem Commun (in review)Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Chang JC, Hung CH, Huang JH (2001) Organometallics 20: 4445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Janas Z, Jerzykiewicz LB, Przybulak S, Richards RL, Sobota P (2000) Organometallics 19: 4252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Paek C, Kang SO, Ko J, Carroll PJ (1997) Organometallics 16: 2110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Paek C, Kang SO, Ko J (1997) Organometallics 16: 4755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Dzugan SJ, Goedken VL (1986) Inorg Chem 25: 2858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Atwood DA, Hill MS, Jegier JA, Rutherford D (1997) Organometallics 16: 2659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Leung W-H, Chan EYY, Chow EKF, Williams ID, Peng S-M (1996) J Chem Soc Dalton Trans 1229Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Hill MS, Atwood DA (1998) Eur J Inorg Chem 67Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Atwood DA, Jegier JA, Rutherford D (1997) Bull Chem Soc Jpn 70: 2093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Hill MS, Atwood DA (1998) Main Group Chem 2: 191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Rutherford D, Atwood DA (1996) Organometallics 15: 4417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Davidson MG, Lambert C, Lopez-Solera I, Raithby PR, Snaith R (1995) Inorg Chem 34: 3765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Munoz-Hernandez M-A, Keizer TS, Wei P, Parkin S, Atwood DA (2001) Inorg Chem 40: 6782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Gurian PL, Cheatham LK, Ziller JW, Barron AR (1991) J Chem Soc Dalton Trans 1449Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Wang Y, Parkin S, Atwood D (2002) Inorg Chem 41: 558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Oliver JP, Kumar R (1990) Polyhedron 9: 409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Burgstein MR, Euringer NP, Roesky PW (2000) J Chem Soc Dalton Trans 1045Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Zheng YY, Saluja S, Yap GPA, Blumenstein M, Rheingold A, Fracesconi LC (1995) Inorg Chem 35: 6656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Guilard R, Zrineh A, Tabard A, Endo A, Han BC, Lecomte C, Souhassou M, Habbou A, Ferhat M, Kadish KM (1990) Inorg Chem 29: 4476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Arasasingham RD, Balch AL, Olmstead MM, Phillips SL (1997) Inorg Chim Acta 263: 161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Serr BR, Headford CEL, Anderson OP, Elliott CM, Spartalian K, Fainzilberg VE, Hatfield WE, Rohrs BR, Eaton SS, Eaton GR (1992) Inorg Chem 31: 5450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Janczak J, Kubiak R (1999) Inorg Chim Acta 288: 174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Pinkas J, Wang T, Jacobsen RA, Verkade JG (1994) Inorg Chem 33: 5244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Rose DJ, Zubieta J, Fischman AJ, Hillier S, Babich JW (1998) Inorg Chem Commun 1: 164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Motekaitis RJ, Martell AE, Koch SA, Hwang J, Quarless DA Jr, Welch MJ (1998) Inorg Chem 37: 5902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Robinson GH, Sangokoya SA, Moise F, Pennignton WT (1988) Organometallics 7: 1887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Robinson GH, Sangokoya SA (1987) J Am Chem Soc 109: 6852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Robinson GH, Moise F, Sangakoya SA, Pennington WT (1988) J Cryst Spect Res 18: 387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Atwood JL (1993) In: Robinson GH (ed), Coordination Chemistry of Aluminum. VCH, New York, chapter 6Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Atwood JL, Robinson KD, Jones C, Raston CL (1991) J Chem Soc Chem Commun 1697Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Paek C, Kang SO, Ko J, Carroll PJ (1997) Organometallics 16: 1503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Paek C, Kang SO, Ko J, Carroll PJ (1997) Organometallics 16: 2110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Atwood DA, Remington MP, Rutherford D (1996) Organometallics 15: 4763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Atwood DA, Rutherford D (1995) Inorg Chem 34: 4008CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Atwood
    • 1
  • Aaron R. Hutchison
    • 1
  • Yuzhong Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryThe University of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations