Optimal Feature Extraction for Bilingual OCR
Feature extraction in bilingual OCR is handicapped bythe increase in the number of classes or characters to be handled. This is evident in the case of Indian languages whose alphabet set is large. It is expected that the complexityof the feature extraction process increases with the number of classes. Though the determination of the best set of features that could be used cannot be ascertained through anyquan titative measures, the characteristics of the scripts can help decide on the feature extraction procedure. This paper describes a hierarchical feature extraction scheme for recognition of printed bilingual (Tamil and Roman) text. The scheme divides the combined alphabet set of both the scripts into subsets bythe extraction of certain spatial and structural features. Three features viz geometric moments, DCT based features and Wavelet transform based features are extracted from the grouped symbols and a linear transformation is performed on them for the purpose of efficient representation in the feature space. The transformation is obtained bythe maximization of certain criterion functions. Three techniques : Principal component analysis, maximization of Fisher’s ratio and maximization of divergence measure have been employed to estimate the transformation matrix. It has been observed that the proposed hierarchical scheme allows for easier handling of the alphabets and there is an appreciable rise in the recognition accuracyas a result of the transformations.
KeywordsFeature Vector Feature Extraction Discrete Cosine Transform Discrete Wavelet Transform Recognition Accuracy
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