Towards Scalable User Interfaces in 3D City Information Systems

  • Teija Vainio
  • Outi Kotala
  • Ismo Rakkolainen
  • Hannu Kupila
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2411)


A 3D revolution has taken place during the last few years, and it is shifting towards hand-held devices. In this paper, we adapted our 3D City Info for mobile users and built a demonstration of future mobile services. Our main purpose was to study navigation and way finding in a three-dimensional city model that is connected in real-time to a map of the same area and to a database, which contains information from the same area. We have built a fully working mobile laptop version of the 3D City Info with an integrated GPS receiver for our field tests. The three-dimensional model appears to illustrate motion and change of location more clearly than two-dimensional map alone. In the future the possibility to scale, zoom and drag modules and components of the interfaces seems to be useful for different contexts of use.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teija Vainio
    • 1
  • Outi Kotala
    • 1
  • Ismo Rakkolainen
    • 2
  • Hannu Kupila
    • 3
  1. 1.Hypermedia LaboratoryUniversity of TampereFinland
  2. 2.Institute of Signal ProcessingTampere University of TechnologyTampereFinland
  3. 3.Laboratory of GeoinformaticsTampere University of TechnologyTampereFinland

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