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The Effects of Radiation on the Structural and Mechanical Properties of Medical Polymers

  • Lisa A. Pruitt
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 162)

Abstract

Medical polymers undergo changes in both structural and mechanical properties when subjected to ionizing radiation. Certain classes of polymers are susceptible to chain scission mechanisms while others are altered through crosslinking processes. These generalizations are complicated by the atmosphere in which the polymer is exposed to the ionizing treatment. Because these devices must be sterilized prior to implantation their long-term structural evolution owing to the effects of ionizing radiation coupled with environment must be understood. This work summarizes the wide-ranging effects of ionizing radiation on the mechanical and structural properties of medical polymers.

Keywords

Radiation Medical polymers Mechanical properties Crosslinking Scission Aging Oxidation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa A. Pruitt
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Mechanical Engineering and BioengineeringUC BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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