Crossing Line Profile: A New Approach to Detecting Defects in Aluminium Die Casting

  • Domingo Mery
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2749)


Radioscopy is the accepted way for controlling the quality of aluminium die cast pieces through computer-aided analysis of X-ray images. Two classes of regions are possible in a digital X-ray image of a casting: regions belonging to regular structures of the specimen, and those relating to defects. Since the contrast between a flaw and a defect-free neighbourhood is distinctive, the detection is usually performed by thresholding this feature. Nevertheless, this measurement suffers from accuracy error when the neighbourhood is not homogeneous, for example when the flaw is at an edge of a regular structure of the test object. For this reason, many approaches use a-priori information about the location of regular structures of the test piece. In this paper, a new approach to detecting defects without a-priori knowledge is proposed. The approach is based on features extracted from crossing line profiles, i.e., the grey level profiles along straight lines crossing each segmented potential flaw in the middle. The profile that contains the most similar grey levels in the extremes is selected. Hence, the homogeneity of the neighbourhood is ensured. Features from the selected profile are extracted. The detection performance of our features and a vast number of other known features are assessed by computing the area A z under the Receiver Operation Characteristic (ROC) curve. The best performance is achieved using one of the proposed features yielding an area A z = 0.9944 in 50 X-ray images of aluminium wheels with 23.000 potential flaws.


flaw detection automated visual inspection X-ray testing 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Domingo Mery
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Ingeniería InformáticaUniversidad de Santiago de ChileSantiagoChile

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