XProM: A Collaborative Knowledge-Based Project Management Tool

  • Rattikorn Hewett
  • John Coffey
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1821)


There is a growing need for better project management to bring together people with diverse knowledge and skills to develop and implement project activities effectively and efficiently. This paper is a preliminary report on XProM (Expert Program Manager), a project management tool which assists users in project definition and control. XProM improves on most existing commercial tools by integrating groupware and expert system technologies into the concept map knowledge building tool developed at the Institute for Human and Machine Cognition. By employing groupware concepts, XProM facilitates communication, collaboration and cooperation among all involved parties in order to jointly identify project needs and requirements and to reduce the number of changes due to misunderstandings. XProM also includes a rule-based project control advisor which contains heuristic knowledge to guide users to possible corrective actions when things do not go as planned. The paper describes XProM’s components and possible future directions for this work.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A Buyer’s Guide to Selecting Project Management Software, Project Manager’s Control Tower,
  2. 2.
    Cañas, A.J., K. Ford, J. Brennan, T Reichherzer, Knowledge Construction and Sharing in Quorum. In Proceedings of AI in Education, Washington D.C., 1995, pp. 218–225.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Card, S, J. Mackinley and B. Schneiderman, Focus and Context. In Readings in Information Visualization: Using Vision to Thin, S. Card, J. MacKinlay and B Schneidermann (eds.). Morgan Kaufmann Publications. San Francisco, CA, 1999.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Conlin, J. and A. Retik, The applicability of project management software and advanced IT techniques in construction delays mitigation, International Journal of Project Management 15(2), 1997, pp. 107–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Conroy, G. and H. Soltan, ConSERV, a methodology for managing multidisciplinary engineering design projects, International Journal of Project Management 15(2), 1997, pp. 121–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Friedman-Hill, E., Jess, the Java Expert System Shell., 1997.
  7. 7.
    Ford, K.M., A.J. Cañas, J. Coffey, Participatory Explanation. In Proceedings of the Sixth Florida AI Research Symposium (FLAIRS’ 93), Ft. Lauderdale, FL, April, 1993.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lowery, G. Managing Projects with Microsoft Project for Windows. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1990.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nicholas, J. Managing Business & Engineering Projects, Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1990.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Logitech Announces the QuickCam., 1999.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Novak, J.D. and Gowin, D.B, Learning How to Learn. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1984.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Novak, J.D, Learning, Creating and Using Knowledge: Concept Maps as Facilitative Tools in Schools and Corporations. Lawrence Earlbaum and Associates, Mahwah, N.J., 1998.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pinto, J., Editor. Project Management Handbook. Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco, CA., 1998.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Reichherzer, T., A. Cañas, K. Ford, and P. Hayes, The Giant: A Classroom Collaborator. In Proceedings of the Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium (FLAIRS’ 98), Sanibel Island, Florida, 1998, pp. 136–140.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Riley, G, CLIPS, A Tool for Building Expert Systems,, 1997.
  17. 17.
    Ellis, C., Gibbs, S. and Rein, G., Groupware, CACM 34(1):38–58, Jan, 1991.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    The Changing Role of Project Management in IS/IT Organization, Artemis Management Systems,
  19. 19.
    W, W., KIM Hawwash, JG Perry, Contract type selector (CTS): a KBS for training young engineers, International Journal of Project Management 14(2), 1996, pp. 95–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Advanced Construction Technology.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rattikorn Hewett
    • 1
  • John Coffey
    • 2
  1. 1.Florida Atlantic UniversityBoca Raton
  2. 2.The Institute for Human & Machine CognitionThe University of West FloridaPensacola

Personalised recommendations