Computer-Supported Reuse of Project Management Experience with an Experience Base

  • Matthias Brandt
  • Markus Nick
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2176)


Numerous studies show that the deficit of IT employees with project management (PM) skills will increase in the next few years. As a countermeasure, companies have to make the knowledge of their experts in PM explicit in order to support a continuous organizational learning process and to reuse the experiences of these experts. In this paper, we present the newly designed approach COPER for computer-supported reuse of project management experiences, which considers aspects of systematically recording, structuring, and distributing such experiences. COPER is based on tailoring the DISER methodology for the development of experience management systems in software engineering to the PM domain. We realize this adaptation on the basis of the PMBOKê Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge developed at PMI, which is internationally accepted as IEEE standard (1490- 1998). The result is a methodology for the acquisition, modeling, and reuse of project experiences customized to the PM domain.


reuse of project management experiences experience-repositorybased organizational learning experience factory case-based reasoning 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Aamodt, A.; Plaza, E.: Case-Based Reasoning: Foundational Issues, Methodological Variations, and System Approaches. In: AI-Communications, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1994, S.39–59.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Basili, V.R.; Caldiera, G.; Rombach, D.: Experience Factory; In Marciniak, J.J. ed., Encyclopedia of Software Engineering, vol 1, 469–476; John Wiley amp; Sons; 1994.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Broomé, M.; Runeson, P.: Technical Requirements for the Implementation of an Experience Base. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Software Engineering amp;Knowledge Engineering. Knowledge Systems Institute, Skokie, IL, 1999.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Dornhoff, P.: Erfahrungswissen für das Management von Software-Entwicklungsprojekten. Reihe: Wirtschaftsinformatik, Band 4, Bergisch Gladbach 1993.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Ducan, W. R.: A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, Project Management Institute, Upper Darby, PA, 1996.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Kadoda, G.; Cartwright, M.; Chen, L.; Shepperd, M.: Experiences Using Case-Based Reasoning to Predict Software Project Effort, ESERG: Empirical Software Engineering Research Group at Bournemouth University, Technical Reports, TR00-01.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Kossbiel, H.; Mülder, W.; Oberweis, A.: IT und Personal. In: Wirtschaftsinformatik Sonderheft (2000) Oktober, S. 7–8.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Nick, M.; Althoff, K.-D.; Tautz, C.: Systematic Maintenance of Corporate Experience Repositories. In: Computational Intelligence—Special Issue on Maintaining Case-Based Reasoning System, 17 (2) 2001, S.364–386.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Nebel, B.: Wissensmanagement in der Projektarbeit nutzen. In: GPM aktuell 3/00, S.15Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Lock, D.: Project Management, Gower Publishing Limited, Hampshire 1996.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Scholz, C.: Personalarbeit im IT-Bereich: Erfolgskritische Aktionsfelder. In: Wirtschaftsinformatik Sonderheft (2000) Oktober, S. 7–8.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Tautz, C.: Customizing Software Engineering Experience Management Systems to Organisational Needs. Dissertation am Fachbereich Informatik der Universität Kaiserslautern, 2000.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Tautz, C. amp; Althoff, K.-D.: Using Case-Based Reasoning for Reusing Software Knowledge. In: D. Leake and E. Plaza (eds.), Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development, Second International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR97), Springer Verlag, 1997, pp156–165.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Tautz, C., Althoff, K.-D., and Nick, M.: A case-based reasoning approach for managing qualitative experience. In AAAI-00 Workshop on Intelligent Lessons Learned Systems, 2000.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    von Krogh, G.; Ichijo, K.; Nonaka, I.: Enabling Knowledge Creation: How to Unlock the Mystery of Tacit Knowledge and Release the Power of Innovation, Oxford University Press 2000.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Waschek, G.: Normen und Richtlinien. In: Projektmanagement-Fachmann Band 1, 6.Auflage, 2001, S.252–268.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Brandt
    • 1
  • Markus Nick
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für WirtschaftsinformatikUniversität Leipzig Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche FakultätLeipzigGerman
  2. 2.Department of Systematic Learning and Improvement (SLI)Fraunhofer IESEKaiserslauternGermany

Personalised recommendations