Bit-Plane Decomposition Steganography Combined with JPEG2000 Compression

  • Hideki Noda
  • Jeremiah Spaulding
  • Mahdad N. Shirazi
  • Michiharu Niimi
  • Eiji Kawaguchi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2578)


This paper presents a steganography method based on JPEG2000 lossy compression scheme and bit-plane complexity segmentation (BPCS) steganography. In JPEG2000 compression, wavelet coefficients of an image are quantized into a bit-plane structure and therefore BPCS steganography can be applied in the wavelet domain. The proposed JPEG2000-BPCS steganography was implemented using JJ2000 Java software of JPEG2000 compression, with which the program module for BPCS steganography was integrated. The proposed steganography enables us to use JPEG2000 lossy compressed images as dummy files for embedding secret data. Embedding rates of around 15% of the compressed image size were achieved for pre-embedding 1.0bpp compressed images with no visually noticeable degradation in image quality.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Katzenbeisser, S., Petitcolas F.A.P.: Information Hiding Techniques for Steganography and Digital Watermarking. Artech House (2000) 296Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Wang, R. Z., Lin, C. F., Lin, J.C.: Image Hiding by Optimal LSB Substitution and Genetic Algorithm. Pattern Recognition, Vol. 34 (2001) 671–683 296zbMATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Jain, A. K.: Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing. Prentice Hall (1989) 296Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Niimi, M., Noda, H., Kawaguchi, E.: A Steganography Based on Region Segmentation by Using Complexity Measure. Trans. of IEICE, Vol. J81-D-II (1998) 1132–1140 296, 298Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Kawaguchi, E., Eason, R.O.: Principle and applications of BPCS-steganography. Proc. of SPIE, Vol. 3528(1998) 464–473 296Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Ouellette, R., Noda, H., Niimi, M., Kawaguchi, E.: Topological Ordered Color Table for BPCS Steganography Using Indexed Color Images. IPSJ Journal, Vol. 42 (2000) 110–113 296Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Kusatsu, I., Niimi, M., Noda, H., Kawaguchi, E.: A Large Capacity Steganography Using Acoustic Dummy Data. Technical Report of IEICE, EA98-69-78 (1998) 27–32 296Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Kataoka, T., Tanaka, K., Nakamura, Y., Matsui, K.: Embedding a Document into Color Picture Data under Adaptive Discrete Cosine Transform Coding. Trans. of IEICE, Vol. J72-B-I (1989) 1210–1216 296Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Kobayashi, H., Noguchi, Y., Kiya, H.: A Method of Embedding Binary Data into JPEG Bitstreams. Trans. of IEICE, Vol. J83-D-II (2000) 1469–1476 296Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Chung, K. L., Shen, C. H., Chang, L.C.: A Novel SVD-and VQ-based Image Hiding Scheme. Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 22 (2001) 1051–1058 296zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Rabbani, M., Joshi R.: An Overview of JPEG 2000 Still Image Compression Standard. Signal Processing: Image Communication, Vol. 17 (2002) 3–48 297, 299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Skodras, A., Christopoulis, C., Ebrahimi, T.: The JPEG 2000 Still Image Compression Standard. IEEE Signal Process. Magazine, Vol. 18(2001) 36–58 297, 299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Taubman, D.: High Performance Scalable Image Compression with EBCOT. IEEE Trans. Image Process., Vol. 9 (2000) 1158–1170 299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Shapiro, J.M.: Embedded Image Coding Using Zerotrees ofWavelet Coefficients. IEEE Trans. Signal Process., Vol. 41 (1993) 3445–3462 299zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Said, A., Pearlman, W.A.: A New, Fast, and Efficient Image Codec Based on Set Partitioning in Hierarchical Trees. IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol. 6 (1996) 243–250 299CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hideki Noda
    • 1
  • Jeremiah Spaulding
    • 1
  • Mahdad N. Shirazi
    • 2
  • Michiharu Niimi
    • 1
  • Eiji Kawaguchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Electrical, Electronic and Computer EngineeringKyushu Institute of TechnologyKitakyushuJapan
  2. 2.Communications Research LaboratoryKeihanna Human Info-Communications Research CenterKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations