Advertisement

Breast Cancer

  • Sabin B. Motwani
  • Eric A. Strom
  • Marsha D. McNeese
  • Thomas A. Buchholz
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Keywords

Breast Cancer Sentinel Node Chest Wall Axillary Lymph Node Dissection Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ballo MT, Strom EA, Prost H et al (1999) Local-regional control of recurrent breast carcinoma after mastectomy: does hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy improve local control? Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 44:105–112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bartelink H, Horiot JC, Poortmans P et al (2001) Recurrence rates after treatment of breast cancer with standard radiotherapy with or without additional radiation. N Engl J Med 345:1378–1387PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Buchholz TA (2000) Internal mammary lymph nodes: to treat or not to treat. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 46:801–803PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chu JC, Solin LJ, Hwang CC et al (1990) A nondivergent three field matching technique for breast irradiation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 19:1037–1040PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Crowe J, Gordon N, Antunez A et al (1991) Local-regional breast cancer recurrence following mastectomy. Arch Surg 126:429–432PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Devesa SS, Blot WJ, Stone BJ et al (1995) Recent cancer trends in the United States. J Natl Cancer Inst 87:175–182PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Early Breast Cancer Trialists Cooperative Group (2003) Radiotherapy for early breast cancer. Cochrane Library, Issue 4Google Scholar
  8. Feuer EJ, Wun LM, Boring CC et al (1993) The lifetime risk of developing breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 85:892–897PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Fisher B, Anderson S, Bryant J et al (2002) Twenty-year follow-up of a randomized trial comparing total mastectomy, lumpectomy, and lumpectomy plus irradiation for the treatment of invasive breast cancer. N Engl J Med 347:1233–1241PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Freedman GM, Fowble BL, Nicolaou N et al (2000) Should internal mammary lymph nodes in breast cancer be a target for the radiation oncologist? Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 46:805–814PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grann A, McCormick B, Chabner ES et al (2000) Prone breast radiotherapy in early-stage breast cancer: a preliminary analysis. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 47:319–325PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Haagensen C (1971) Disease of the breast, 2nd edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, pp 576–584Google Scholar
  13. Haagensen CD (1986) Diseases of the breast, 3rd edn. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  14. Hellman S, Harris JR (2000) Natural history of breast cancer. In: Harris J, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK (eds) Diseases of the breast. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, p 407Google Scholar
  15. Hong L, Hunt M, Chui C et al (1999) Intensity-modulated tangential beam irradiation of the intact breast. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 44:1155–1164PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hurd TC, Sneige N, Allen PK et al (1997) Impact of extensive intraductal component on recurrence and survival in patients with stage I or II breast cancer treated with reast conservation therapy. Ann Surg Oncol 4:119–124PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jemal A, Murray T, Ward E et al (2005) Cancer statistics, 2005. CA Cancer J Clin 55:10–30PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Katz A, Strom EA, Buchholz TA et al (2000) Locoregional recurrence patterns after mastectomy and doxorubicin-based chemotherapy: implications for postoperative irradiation. J Clin Oncol 18:2817–2827PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Keurer HM, Julian TB, Strom EA et al (2004) Accelerated partial breast irradiation after conservative surgery for breast cancer. Ann Surg 239:338–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Krag D, Weaver D, Ashikaga T et al (1998) The sentinel node in breast cancer a multicenter validation study. N Engl J Med 339:941–946PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kurtz JM, Jacquemier J, Amalric R et al (1990) Risk factors of breast recurrence in premenopausal and postmenopausal patient with ductal cancers treated by conservation therapy. Cancer 65:1867–1878PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kurtz JM (2001) Which patients don’t need a tumor bed boost after whole-breast radiotherapy? Strahlenther Onkol177:33–36PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lingos TI, Recht A, Vicini F et al (1991) Radiation pneumonitis in breast cancer patients treated with conservative surgery and radiation therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 21:355–360PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Marks LB, Prosnitz LR (1997) “One to three” or “four or more”? Selecting patients for postmastectomy radiation therapy. Cancer 79:668–670PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Morrow M, Strom EA, Basset LW et al (2002) Standard for breast conservation therapy in the management of invasive breast carcinoma. CA Cancer J Clin 52:277–300PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Osborne MP (1987) Breast development and anatomy. In: Harris JR, Hellman S, Henderson IC, Kinne DW (eds) Breast disease. Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  27. Parkin DM, Muir CS (1992) Cancer incidence in five continents. Comparability and quality of data. IARC Sci Publ 120:45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Recht A, Edge SB, Solin LJ et al (2001) Postmastectomy radiotherapy: clinical practice guidelines of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. J Clin Oncol 19:1539–1569PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Schlembach PJ, Buchholz TA, Ross MI et al (2001) Relationship of sentinel and axillary level I-II lymph nodes to tangential fields used in breast irradiation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 51:671–678PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Schnitt SJ, Abner A, Gelman R et al (1994) The relationship between microscopic margins of resection and the risk of local recurrence in patients with breast cancer treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation therapy. Cancer 74:1746–1751PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shahar KH, Buchholz TA, Delpassand E et al (2005) Lower and central tumor location correlates with lymphoscintigraphy drainage to the internal mammary lymph nodes in breast carcinoma. Cancer 103:1323–1329PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sickles EA. (1995) Management of probably benign breast lesions. Radiol Clin North Am 33:1123–1123PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Silverstein MJ, Gierson ED, Waisman JR et al (1995) Predicting axillary node positivity in patients with invasive carcinoma of the breast by using a combination of T category and palpability. J Am Coll Surg 180:700–704PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Singletary SE, Allred C, Ashley P et al (2002) Revision of the American Joint Committee on Cancer Staging System for Breast Cancer. J Clin Oncol 20:3628–3636PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Strom EA, Woodward WA, Katz A et al (2005) Regional nodal failure patterns in breast cancer patients treated with mastectomy without radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 63:1508–1513PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Urban JA, Marjani MA (1971). Significance of internal mammary lymph node metastases in breast cancer. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med 111:130–136PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Van Leeuwen F, Klokman W, Aleman B (2000) Long-term risk of second malignancy in survivors of Hodgkin’s disease treated during adolescence or young adulthood. J Clin Oncol 18:487–497PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Veronesi U, Luini A, Galimberti V (1990) Extent of metastatic axillary involvement in 1446 cases of breast cancer. Eur J Surg Oncol 16:127–133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Vrieling C, Collette L, Fourquet A et al (1999) The influence of the boost in breast-conserving therapy on cosmetic outcome in the EORTC “boost versus no boost” trial. EORTC Radiotherapy and Breast Cancer Cooperative Groups. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 45:677–685PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. White J, Moughan J, Pierce LJ et al (2004) Status of postmastectomy radiotherapy in the United States: a patterns of care study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 60:77–85PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wolmark N, Risher B (1981) Surgery in the primary treatment of breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat 1:339–348PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabin B. Motwani
    • 1
  • Eric A. Strom
    • 1
  • Marsha D. McNeese
    • 1
  • Thomas A. Buchholz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyThe University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations