Atoms and Molecules in Strong Laser Fields

  • C.A. Ullrich
  • A.D. Bandrauk
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 706)


The field of research dealing with the interactions of superstrong and ultrashort laser pulses with atoms and molecules has reached a considerable degree of maturity, as summarized in a number of books [Gavrila 1992, Piraux 1993, Delone 2000] and review articles [Mainfray 1991, Freeman 1991, Burnett 1993, Protopapas 1997, Salières 1999, Joachain 2000, Brabec 2000, Dörner 2002, Becker 2002]. As shown in Fig. 24.1, the attainable laser intensity has increased by 12 orders of magnitude since the invention of the laser in 1960, as a result of a series of technological advances. Today, focused intensities in excess of 1021 W/cm2 can be produced from both large-scale and lab-scale lasers.


Multiphoton Ionization Double Ionization Coulomb Explosion Strong Laser Intense Laser Pulse 
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© Springer 2006

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  • C.A. Ullrich
  • A.D. Bandrauk

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