Earth Radiation Belts

  • Sébastien Bourdarie
  • Daniel Boscher

Abstract

The effects induced by the space environment on space vehicles and astronauts no longer need to be demonstrated. The nature of this environment varies greatly between low orbits and higher orbits such as the geostationary orbit and beyond. In this chapter, we attempt to describe the space environment relative to ionizing particles. To do this, we give a description of the radiation belts. The dynamics in then detailed with two different time scale: the solar cycle time scale and the storm time scale.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Space Flight Environment, V, n04, Sept–Oct 1994Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.C. Cain, S.J. Hendricks, R.A. Langel, W.V. Hudson: J. Geomag. Geoelectr. 19, 335–355 (1967)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.C. Jensen, J.C. Cain: J. Geophys. Res. 67, 3568 (1962)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    N.A. Tsyganenko: Planet. Space Sci. 35, 1347–1358 (1987)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    N.A. Tsyganenko: Planet. Space Sci. 37, 5–20 (1989)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N.A. Tsyganenko, D.P. Stern: J. Geophys. Res. 101, 27187–27198 (1996)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W.P. Olson, K.A. Pfitzer: Magnetospheric magnetic field modeling, Annual Scientific Report, AFOR Contract No. F44620-75-C-0033 (1977)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    K.A. Ptzer, W.P. Olson: EOS 69, 426 (1988)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    I.I. Alexeev, E.S. Belenkaya, R.C. Clauer J. Geophys. Res. 105, 21119–21127 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.E. McIlwain: J. Geophys. Res. 66, 3681–3691 (1961)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Bourrieau, J.P. David: Levy léon, Environnement spatialGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T.G. Northrop, Interscience tracts on physics and astronomy, 1963Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S.L. Huston, K.A. Pfitzer, Space environment effects: Low altitude trapped radiation model, NASA/CR 1998 208593 (1998)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    D.N. Baker, J.B. Blake, R.W. Klebesadel, P.R. Higbie: J. Geophys. Res. 91, 4265 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G.D. Reeves, Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 1817–1820 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R.H.W. Friedel, A. Korth, Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1853–1856 (1995)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Boscher, S.A. Bourdarie, R.H.W. Friedel, A. Korth, Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 4129–4132 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.S. Gussenhoven, E.G. Mullen, D.H. Brautigam, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43, 2 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Vacaresse, D. Boscher, S. Bourdarie, M. Blanc, J.A. Sauvaud, J. Geophys. Res. 104, 28601 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    K.L. McAdams, G.D. Reeves, R.H.W. Friedel, T.E. Cayton, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 10869–10882 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. Bosche, S.A. Bourdarie, R. Thorne, R. Abel, Adv. Space Res. 26, 163 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Bourdarie, D. Boscher, T. Beutier, J.-A. Sauvaud, M. Blanc, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 27171 (1996)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Bourdarie, D. Boscher, T. Beutier, J.-A. Sauvaud, M. Blanc, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17541 (1997)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M.A. Shea, D.F. Smart, A world grid of calculated cosmic ray cutoff vertical rigidities for 1980.0, 18th International Cosmic Ray Conference, conference papers, (1983)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sébastien Bourdarie
    • 1
  • Daniel Boscher
    • 1
  1. 1.ONERA/DESPToulouse Cedex 04France

Personalised recommendations