• Maria Angela Cerruto
  • Walter Artibani


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Abrams P, Cardozo L, Fall M, Griffiths D, Rosier P, Ulmsten U, van Kerrebroeck P, Victor A, Wein A (2002). The standardisation of terminology of lower urinary tract function: report from the Standardisation Sub-committee of the International Continence Society. Neurourol Urodyn 21:167–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blaivas JG, Sinha HP, Zayed AA, Labib KB (1981). Detrusorexternal sphincter dyssynergia. J Urol 125:542–544.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bradley WE, Timm GW, Scott FB (1974). Innervation of the detrusor muscle and urethra. Urol Clin North Am 1:3–27.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fall M, Ohlsson BL, Carlsson CA (1989). The neurogenic overactive bladder. Classification based on urodynamics. Br J Urol 64:368–373.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Flisser AJ, Walmsley K, Blaivas JG (2003). Urodynamic classification of patients with symptoms of overactive bladder. J Urol 169:529–534.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hinman F, Bauman FW (1973). Vesical and ureteral damage from voiding dysfunction in boys without neurogenic or obstructive disease. J Urol 109:727–731.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Homma Y, Batista J, Bauer S, Griffiths D, Hilton P, Kramer G, Lose G, Rosier P (2002). Urodynamics. In: Abrams P, Khoury S, Wein A (eds) Incontinence, 2nd edn. Health Publication Ltd, Plymouth, pp 317–372.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Krane RJ, Siroky MB (1979). Classification of neuro-urologic disorders. In: Krane RJ, Siroky MB (eds) Clinical neuro-urology. Little Brown, Boston, pp 143–158.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lapides J (1970). Neuromuscular vesical and urethral dysfunction. In: Campbell MF, Harrison JH (eds) Urology. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 1343–1379.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Madersbacher H (2002). Neurogenic bladder dysfunction in patients with myelomeningocele. Curr Opin Urol 12:469–472.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Madersbacher H, Wyndaele JJ, Igawa Y, Chancellor M, Chartier-Kastler E, Kovindha A (2002). Conservative management in neuropatic urinary incontinence. In: In: Abrams P, Khoury S, Wein A (eds) Incontinence, 2nd edn. Health Publication Ltd, Plymouth, pp 697–754.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    McNeal DM, Hawtrey CE, Wolraich ML, et al (1983). Symptomatic neurogenic bladder in a cerebral palsied population. Dev Med Child Neurol 25:612.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nijman RJM (2001). Neurogenic and non-neurogenic bladder dysfunction. Curr Opin Urol 11:577–583.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nørgaard JP, van Gool JD, Hjälmås K, Djurhuus JC, Hellström AL for the International Children’s Continence Society (1998). Standardisation and definitions in lower urinary tract dysfunction in children. Br J Urol 81(Suppl. 3):1–16.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sillén U, Hansson E, Hermansson G, et al (1996). Development of the urodynamic pattern in infants with myelomeningocele. Br J Urol 78:596–601.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    van Gool JD, Dik P, de Jong TP (2001). Bladder-sphincter dysfunction in myelomeningocele. Eur J Pediatr 160:414–420.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wein AJ (1998). Pathophysiology and categorization of voiding dysfunction. In: Walsh PC, Retik AB, Vaughan ED Jr, Wein AJ (eds) Campbell’s urology. 7th edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 917–926.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wein A, Rovner ES (2001). Voiding function and dysfunction. In: Hanno PM, Malkowicz SB, Wein AL (eds) Clinical manual of urology, 3rd edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp 337–436.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wheeler JS, Siroky MB, Pavlakis A, et al (1984). The urodynamic aspects of the Guillain Barré syndrome. J Urol 131:917.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yeung KC (1998). Continuous real-time ambulatory urodynamic monitoring in infants and young children using infrared telemetry. Br J Urol 81(Suppl. 3):76–80.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Angela Cerruto
    • 1
  • Walter Artibani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly

Personalised recommendations